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Key words: saqqara (ANY of these words -- matching substrings)
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FEL-257873-18

Elaine A. Sullivan
University of California, Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz, CA 95064-1077)

Visibility and Ritual Landscape at the Ancient Egyptian Necropolis of Saqqara, 2950-350 BCE

Preparation of a digital monograph investigating the ancient Egyptian burial site of Saqqara (2950-350 BCE) comparatively through time and space.

Ancient landscapes are a major focus of study in the field of archaeology, with research centered on the interaction between humans, culture, and the natural and built environment at sites around the world. While clearly of great interest to scholars, these past places remain elusive. The archaeological sites we visit today are palimpsests, the result of thousands of years of change, both architectural and environmental. The born-digital monograph Constructing the Sacred: Visibility and Ritual Landscape at the Egyptian Necropolis of Saqqara addresses ancient ritual landscape from a unique perspective, utilizing emerging 3D technologies to examine development at the complex, multi-period archaeological site of Saqqara, Egypt. Harnessing the temporal layering abilities of the 3D environment, it demonstrates how 3D modeling allows archaeologists to approach questions of meaning and human experience in now-disappeared landscapes in new ways.

Project fields:
Ancient History; Archaeology

Program:
Fellowships

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$50,400 (approved)
$50,400 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2019 – 12/31/2019


HD-228890-15

University of California, Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz, CA 95064-1077)
Elaine A. Sullivan (Project Director: September 2014 to present)

3D Saqqara: Reconstructing Landscape and Meaning at an Ancient Egyptian Site

Development of a three-dimensional model and virtual tour that would demonstrate how the ancient Egyptian cemetery at Saqqara evolved over the course of nearly three millennia--from 2950 BCE to 332 BCE.

GIS, a major data organization tool in archaeology, places information within a two-dimensional geospatial framework linked to locations on the Earth's surface. Human lives are not lived, however, on a flat surface, but are embedded in a three-dimensional world. The addition of a third coordinate, elevation or height allows us to replace layers of complexity when working with cultural data. Change over time (the forth dimension) is a fundamental aspect of human life and crucial to understanding human experience in the past. 3D Saqqara offers a 4D study of an ancient site across space and time. By simulating the changing built and natural landscape, the project explores the visual environment that shaped the experiences and choices of past peoples. Through the recreation of lines-of-sight between important cult places, the project traces how decisions over time change the meaning of these spaces and altered ancient peoples' perception of the ritual landscape.

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Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants

Division:
Digital Humanities

Total amounts:
$47,200 (approved)
$47,200 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2015 – 12/31/2016