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Coverage for grant HAA-271653-20

Mapping Racial Covenants in the United States: A Technical Toolkit
Kirsten Delegard, University of Minnesota

Grant details:

How Mapping Prejudice is Visualizing Residential Segregation (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Evie Odden
Publication: MPLS.ST.PAUL magazine
Date: 8/27/2020
Abstract: The Mapping Prejudice project is part of a broad body of evidence showing how racially restrictive covenants intentionally baked residential segregation into the physical and cultural landscape of Minneapolis.

Racist housing policies have created some oppressively hot neighborhoods (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Alexjandra Borunda
Publication: National Geographic
Date: 9/2/2020
Abstract: Decades of redlining and other discriminatory practices reshaped urban landscapes in Minneapolis and elsewhere, leaving some areas 10 degrees hotter than others.

Geography of Race and Place, Season 2, Episode 3 (Media Coverage)
Publication: Inclusive Economic Development Lab
Date: 8/15/2020
Abstract: Podcast about Mapping Prejudice

City works to revise racially restrictive covenant language (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Michelle Phillips
Publication: Middleton Crossplains Times Tribune
Date: 9/18/2020
Abstract: Racial covenants have been in place since 1910 and began in Minneapolis, MN. White homeowners included the language after two Black families moved into an affluent, white neighborhood in 1909. They then began seeping into neighborhoods in other northern states as well, including Wisconsin. Kirsten Delegard, professor at the University of Minnesota, has set about finding and documenting the covenants in Minneapolis/St. Paul.

Mapping Prejudice: Restrictive Covenants, Generational Impacts (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Robin Niedorf
Publication: Generations
Date: 9/15/2020
Abstract: The Mapping Prejudice Project also wanted to understand the larger patterns: Where were covenants put into place? When? What did they say? How many covenants were there in the Twin Cities?

A city divided (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Kim Kiser
Publication: Legacy
Date: 10/1/2020
Abstract: An overview of the Mapping Prejudice project and how it led to change for University of Minnesota donors.

Buried Truths (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Anita Little
Publication: ACLU Magazine
Date: 8/31/2021
Abstract: An investigation of America's history of racial covenants and systemic racism.

Minneapolis effort aims to counter racist housing deeds one lawn sign at a time (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Euan Kerr
Publication: Minnesota Public Radio
Date: 9/10/2021
Abstract: Two new initiatives hope to raise awareness of these racially restrictive covenants and their impact, get them removed and also raise money to increase Black homeownership in the city. And it starts one lawn sign at a time. The organizers of Free the Deed were inspired by the University of Minnesota's Mapping Prejudice project, which showed which Hennepin County properties had racially restrictive covenants.

Mapping Prejudice Project presentation focuses on racism in housing deeds (Media Coverage)
Publication: Sun Sailor
Date: 11/19/2021
Abstract: St. Louis Park has more than 1,800 racially restrictive housing covenants. During an event, Mapping Prejudice Project co-founder Kirsten Delegard and St. Louis Park Mayor Jake Spano discussed their interest in addressing the racist deeds.

A direct push to take on wealth gaps (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Editorial Board
Publication: Star Tribune
Date: 1/4/2022
Abstract: Thanks to efforts like the University of Minnesota's "Mapping Prejudice'' project, there's more public awareness about racial covenants in housing. We now know that provisions in deeds barred many people of color from buying homes in some Twin Cities neighborhoods because of their race. Consequently, they were unable to accumulate property wealth and pass it along to relatives in the same way as many white people.

UMN receives grant to help diminish Twin Cities racial covenants (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Gabrielle Lombard
Publication: Minnesota Daily
Date: 1/30/2022
Abstract: The University of Minnesota was awarded a $615,000 grant in December to expand the Mapping Prejudice Project to continue identifying racial disparities in housing and stop racial covenants in property deeds.

Evidence of things unseen (Media Coverage)
Publication: The Economist
Date: 5/22/2021
Abstract: Minneapolis is an unlikely avatar of American racism. . . .Within this progressive utopia, though, are areas of concentrated poverty, where inhabitants are segregated by race and a boy is more likely as an adult to go to prison than to own a home or get married. . . . Racial boundaries were often enforced by restrictive covenants on homes. The Mapping Prejudice project at the University of Minnesota has uncovered thousands of these, . . ..

Homeowners learn about the history of discriminatory covenants (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Jason Jenkins
Publication: Sun Sailor
Date: 5/19/2021
Abstract: Description of the history of racial covenants revealed by Mapping Prejudice and how to remove them with help of the Just Deeds coalition.

How Minneapolis mapped its own history of racial segregation (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Ha Ta
Publication: Experience
Date: 11/18/2020
Abstract: To undo the legacies of American cities’ racial wealth gaps, it’s important to know where those inequalities came from. Minneapolis residents have been learning about their own city’s racial inequality and history of housing discrimination through an ambitious data visualization project that maps housing discrimination in Minneapolis in the early 20th century.

The Godfather of Black Space in Minneapolis (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Mecca Bos
Publication: KFAI MinneCulture
Date: 6/29/2021
Abstract: Podcast about a Black entrepreneur breaking through racial restrictions.

"Finding Home" (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Fred De Sam Lazaro
Publication: PBS News Hour
Date: 8/13/2021
Abstract: Mapping Prejudice and Director Kirsten Delegard featured in a broadcast news feature about racial disparities in homeownership in the Twin Cities.

Is there racism in the deed to your home (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Sara Clemence
Publication: The New York Times
Date: 8/17/2021
Abstract: An examination of racial covenants in deeds and the difficulties in eliminating them. Kirsten Delegard and Mapping Prejudice are featured. (8/22/2021 print edition)

Golden Valley city staff project turns into growing effort to denounce racial covenants (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Kim Hyatt
Publication: Star Tribune
Date: 3/13/2021
Abstract: The Just Deeds Project pairs homeowners with pro bono attorneys to discharge racial covenants, the language embedded in deeds beginning in 1910 that segregated neighborhoods throughout the Twin Cities metro. Though unenforceable after a landmark 1948 Supreme Court ruling, the language of racial covenants remains in thousands of deeds.

Minneapolis homeowners can now reject racial covenants on their deeds (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Lydia Morrell
Publication: Minnesota Daily
Date: 3/22/2021
Abstract: The city of Minneapolis signed on to the Just Deeds initiative March 3, creating a free pathway for homeowners to discharge racial covenants that still exist in the deeds to their homes. Supporters say Just Deeds is an early step in broader discussions about the impacts of racial covenants, which are contracts created in the early 1900s that blocked people of color from owning a property. Seven cities in Hennepin County have decided to take part in the Just Deeds project, and 101 covenants have been discharged so far. Mapping Prejudice, a University of Minnesota-affiliated group of historians, geographers and community members, partnered with Just Deeds to share its map of racial covenants in Hennepin County. More than 8,000 racial covenants were recorded in Minneapolis.

Tracking structural racism (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Allison Campbell Jensen
Publication: continuum
Date: 3/24/2021
Abstract: Profile of Mapping Prejudice volunteer Peggy Petersen, a property deeds sleuth who was essential to starting the project.
Link: http://

Brooklyn Center looks to remove discriminatory covenants from city property (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Kevin Miller
Publication: Sun Post
Date: 3/29/2021
Abstract: The Brooklyn Center City Council has joined a growing group of local governments that have condemned the use of discriminatory housing covenants, instructing the city’s staff March 22 to discharge any such covenants found on city-owned property.

These Minnesotans renounced the racial covenants for their homes (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Erica Pearson
Publication: Star Tribune
Date: 4/6/2021
Abstract: "Folks are determined to have a reckoning with structural racism, and this practice is something that people can do to start enacting change," said Kirsten Santelices, Golden Valley's deputy city manager. "The language in the racially restrictive covenants is clear. There is no room for an argument that these practices were not inherently racist. This gives people motivation to take action."

Why Black homeownership lags badly in Minneapolis (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Rachel Bachman
Publication: Wall Street Journal
Date: 5/1/2021
Abstract: The homeownership gap between Black and white Americans has grown larger in recent years than at any time since the 1968 passage of the Fair Housing Act. In Minnesota’s biggest city, the gap is more like a canyon. In the Minneapolis metro area, 77% of white residents own homes, compared with 25% of Black residents—a 52-percentage-point difference, larger than in any other major U.S. city, according to an analysis of census and survey data by the Minnesota State Demographic Center, a state agency. A trove of new research suggests that one factor is a tool of discrimination from 100 years ago: racially restrictive covenants . . .

Review of 'Brave New Home': Our future in smarter, simpler, happier housing (Review)
Author(s): Ann Mayhew
Publication: Enter
Date: 2/18/2021
Abstract: “The data suggest that the current housing paradigm—predominantly oriented around owning a single-family home—is unaffordable, unhealthy, and out of step with consumer demand,” writes Diana Lind in her new book Brave New Home, a highly readable look at how we got here and what we can do about it.

Minneapolis starts program to disavow racial covenants (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Liz Navaratil
Publication: Star Tribune
Date: 3/3/2021
Abstract: While it has been illegal to enforce the racial covenants since at least 1968, many of the restrictions remain in property records. Citing statistics from the Mapping Prejudice project based at the University of Minnesota, the city said it believes more than 8,000 properties in Minneapolis have racial covenants. The city's new Just Deeds Project, unveiled Wednesday, will allow people to file paperwork condemning the racial covenants and formally declaring that they don't want them enforced.

Award-winning partnership (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Allison Campbell Jensen
Publication: continuum
Date: 3/26/2021
Abstract: Mapping Prejudice and Hennepin County jointly received the 2021 John R. Finnegan Freedom of Information Award from the Minnesota Coalition on Government Information. Mapping Prejudice also recently received an Outstanding Public History Project Award from the National Council on Public History.

Award-winning changemaker (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Allison Campbell Jensen
Publication: continuum
Date: 9/30/2020
Abstract: The National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC) has recognized the Mapping Prejudice Project with a Catalyst award.

New Minneapolis project helps homeowners discharge racial covenants (Media Coverage)
Publication: KARE-11 TV
Date: 3/3/2021
Abstract: Through a new city initiative, Minneapolis homeowners have a way to learn about and discharge racial covenants from their properties -- discriminatory legal documents that experts say caused long-lasting damage.

Students advance DEI through Business 200 (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Jamie Tjornehoj
Publication: University of St. Thomas Newsroom
Date: 3/10/2021
Abstract: Students in the Business 200 course this past year reviewed racial covenants issued only 50-100 years ago to find how deeply rooted racial disparities were in the Twin Cities, even when it came to who could and couldn’t own a home in certain neighborhoods. Using Business 200 as a platform to work with Mapping Prejudice, these students made findings that sparked surprise and revelations about race and privilege.

Mapping Prejudice — Urban Agenda (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Lissa Jones
Publication: Urban Agenda (radio show)
Date: 10/15/2020
Abstract: Mapping Prejudice is showing what communities of color have known for decades. Structural barriers stopped many people who were not white from buying property and building wealth for most of the last century.

Racist housing covenants haunt properties across the country. New laws make them easier to remove (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Justin Wm. Moyer
Publication: Washington Post
Date: 10/22/2020
Abstract: A look at the widespread use of racial covenants across the United States and the new laws to remove them. Mapping Prejudice is cited and Kirsten Delegard is quoted.

Race & Real Estate: Strategic Segregation (Review)
Author(s): Michael Joyce
Publication: Health in All Things podcast
Date: 2/22/2021
Abstract: Where we live is intimately linked to our health — the life expectancy of a child born in a poor neighborhood can be 20 to 30 years shorter than a child born in an upscale neighborhood just a few miles away. For decades, we have used practices and policies in service of “strategic segregation,” concentrating poverty and people of color in the most unhealthy areas of a city. In this episode, we explore this legacy and how we can create better opportunities for housing and health.

Wayzata church working to formally renounce racist language in property deed (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Jason Jenkins
Publication: Wayzata Sun Sailor
Date: 1/27/2021
Abstract: A Wayzata church is confronting Minnesota’s history of housing discrimination — and encouraging others to do the same — by taking steps to renounce a racist covenant in their property deed.

How Minneapolis mapped its own experience of racial segregation (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Ha Ta
Publication: Experience magazine
Date: 11/1/2020
Abstract: Minneapolis residents have been learning about their own city’s racial inequality and history of housing discrimination through an ambitious data visualization project that maps housing discrimination in Minneapolis in the early 20th century.

Sharp Black homeownership disparities plague Minnesota (Media Coverage)
Author(s): Sloane Martin
Publication: WCCO-Radio
Date: 2/1/2021
Abstract: Racist practices including redlining and racial covenants in deeds in the first half of the 20th Century followed by predatory lending targeting Black families are foundational to the ignominious data. It’s prevented generations of Black families from building wealth to pass down.