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Grant number: FA-10208-70

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FA-10208-70

Jacob Finkelstein
Yale University (New Haven, CT 06510-1703)

The Law of Wrongs in Ancient Mesopotamia

Study to determine the hierarchy of wrongs in ancient Mesopotamia through an investigation of all known cuneiform documents from Mesopotamia which concern the disposition of litigations involving wrongful acts and the "codes." ABSTRACT: Analysis of all known cuneiform documents from ancient Mesopotamia and adjacent regions which concern the disposition of litigations involving wrongful acts and omissions, as well as those records commonly called "codes," which consist of hypothetical cases or situations and their dispositions. The "Law of Wrongs" embraced all wrongful acts, real and hypothetical, which were to be adjucated by an officially recognized agency (i.e., courts or individuals acting in judicial capacity), primarily those acts which would fall under the heading of crimes and torts in Western jurisprudence. Aim of study to determine the hierarchy of wrongs in Mesopotamian terms by the kinds of penalties imposed or judgements awarded for different classes of cases. Determine the nature, purpose and function of codes in their respective settings (e.g. whether they reflected the prevailing practice or are reflected in it). Compilation work carried out in 1968-69 with aid of research assistant and funds from Yale University.

Project fields:
Jurisprudence

Program:
Fellowships for University Teachers

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$15,500 (approved)
$15,500 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/1971 – 12/31/1971