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Maureen C. Miller
University of California, Berkeley (Berkeley, CA 94704-5940)
Clerical Clothing and Priestly Authority in Medieval Rome, 800-1200

My project traces the emergence of a strict code of clerical dress in 11th-century Rome and links this development to new models of authority in Western Europe based on the personal renunciation of violence. The new ideas and practices about clerical attire clearly demarcated clergy from laity, and constructed a sharp contrast between the plain black gown that clerics wore outside the sanctuary and the increasingly ornate style of liturgical vestments they donned in church. The book project utilizes surviving textiles, images of the clergy (in frescoes, mosaics, manuscript illuminations), ecclesiastical architecture, legislation, theological tracts, and liturgical sources to chart the emergence of new visual models of priestly authority and to assess the broader influence of this clerical "look" on the representation of power in western society.

[Grant products][Media coverage]

Project fields:
European History

Fellowships for University Teachers

Research Programs

$50,400 (approved)
$50,400 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2010 – 6/30/2011