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Grant number: FB-54129-09

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FB-54129-09

Anne Applebaum
Legatum Institute (London 89-100 United Kingdom)

Anti-Civilization: The Sovietization of Central Europe, 1945-1956

In recent years, the transformation of totalitarian societies into democracies has become a central goal of American foreign policy. Yet despite the importance of ???democratization,??? very little attention has been paid to the opposite problem: Namely, the question of how small groups of people managed to impose totalitarianism on their societies in the first place. With this in mind, I propose to write a history of the imposition of Soviet communism on central Europe in the years between 1945 and 1956. I will focus on three countries: Poland, Hungary and East Germany. The book, intended for a popular as well as a scholarly audience, will focus both on repression ??? the creation of the secret police, the use of violence ??? and on the transformation of schools, media and the arts for propaganda purposes. Past histories of the region have often focused on the origins of the Cold War; this book will explore social and psychological changes within the societies themselves.

[Grant products][Media coverage][Prizes]

Project fields:
European History

Program:
Fellowships for College Teachers and Independent Scholars

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$50,400 (approved)
$50,400 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2009 – 12/31/2009