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Grant number: FT-13364-77

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John Pemberton III
Amherst College (Amherst, MA 01002-2372)

The Ritual Symbolism of the Masked Festivals of the Igbomina/Ekitai Yoruba, Nigeria

To study the masked festivals of two neighboring Yoruba towns in Western Nigeria, Ila-Organun and Erinmope. The masquerades, called Epa (or Elefon) and Equngun, are concerned with the ancestors. The purpose of studying the festivals of neighboring towns is to provide, through a controlled comparison, a clearer understanding of the relationship of the masquerades in each town. PI theorizes that the symbolization in Epa depends upon the symbolization in the Equngun festival and that each celebrates an alternate moral basis of Yoruba society with the descent a group defend by occupational or political function in the other - thereby providing a link between the competing bases of society.

Project fields:
Religion, General

Summer Stipends

Research Programs

Total amounts:
$2,500 (approved)
$2,500 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/1977 – 8/31/1977