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Ashley Parcells
Jacksonville University (Jacksonville, FL 32211-3394)
Ethnicity, State-Building, and the Making of Apartheid, ca. 1951 to 1994.

To complete interviews and two chapters for a book on apartheid and sovereignty in KwaZulu, South Africa (1951-1994).

This project examines how sovereignty was refashioned around ethnic identity in apartheid South Africa. In the face of global decolonization, the apartheid state sought to create ethnically defined “homelands,” or bantustans, that could be portrayed internationally and domestically as “independent” nation-states. This book explores how KwaZulu, the homeland for “Zulus,” came to include populations that never recognized the Zulu monarchy before colonialism. Rather than solely focusing on the actions of the central state, this project shows in detail how white officials, royal family members, and prominent Zulu leaders negotiated the project of bantustan “state building” and the codification of legal boundaries of Zulu ethnicity. It also explores how people in KwaZulu's multi-ethnic borderlands navigated apartheid's regime of ethnically-defined homeland citizenship.

Project fields:
African History

Summer Stipends

Research Programs

$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021