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Grant number: FT-59463-12

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FT-59463-12

Dan Porat
Hebrew University (Jerusalem 93465 Israel)

Israel's Social Integration and Legal Prosecution of Jews Who Aided Nazis (1950-1972)

A common view holds that only two Holocaust trials took place in Israel: those of Kastner and Eichmann. Yet, in the years 1950-1972 Israel's attorney general filed charges against more than thirty Jewish Nazi-collaborators. The proposed study will ask what can these trials teach us about the post-Holocaust view of collaborators and the image of the "victim?" Through a discussion of a set of post-Holocaust trials of Jews who, willingly or unwillingly, collaborated with the Nazis this study will question the image of 'the victims.' The study will demonstrate the historical shift in the image of the victims from a view of the victims as one who initially were viewed as a group who had brought the catastrophe on themselves to an image of victims which had no role in the killings. I will argue that as a result of the Eichmann trial the image of the Jewish collaborators with the Nazis as 'victim-perpetrator' had been occluded and an image of 'pure victims' emerged'

[Grant products]

Project fields:
European History

Program:
Summer Stipends

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2012 – 7/31/2012