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Joanna Megan Hearne
University of Missouri, Columbia (Columbia, MO 65211-3020)
A Chickasaw Family in Studio-era Hollywood: Edwin Carewe, Finis Fox and Wallace Fox

A Chickasaw Family in Studio-era Hollywood retrieves the history of the first Indigenous family of writer-directors in Hollywood--the Chickasaw brothers Finis Fox, Edwin Carewe (stage name for Jay Fox), and Wallace Fox. Taken together, the Fox brothers' careers writing, directing and producing films in Hollywood spanned 40 years, from Edwin Carewe's directorial debut in 1914 to Wallace Fox's last television show in 1954. Their family story expands our understanding of Indigenous contributions to American film history beyond stereotyped images on screen to consider production practices and issues of creative control. I argue that the brothers' success in appropriating dominant storytelling forms suggests a model of negotiated agency that requires us to ask both what is Chickasaw about their productions and how they selectively accommodated Hollywood's established studio system.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Film History and Criticism; Media Studies; Native American Studies

Summer Stipends

Research Programs

$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2014 – 7/31/2014