NEH banner

[light] [dark]

Funded Projects Query Form
One match

Grant number like: HB-257685-18

Query elapsed time: 0.016 sec

Export results to Excel
Save this query


Julia Ornelas-Higdon
California State University, Channel Islands (Camarillo, CA 93012-8599)
Race, Labor, and the Industrialization of California Wine, 1769-1920

A book-length study of the history of winemaking in California from 1769 to 1920 with emphasis on labor relations during the Spanish colonial, Mexican national, and U.S. eras.

The Grapes of Conquest: Race, Labor, and the Industrialization of California Wine 1769-1920 examines the evolution of winegrowing across Spanish, Mexican, and American California and argues that the wine industry operated as a nexus of conquest, racialization, and citizenship formation throughout the 19th century. This study examines the interactions between the diverse groups who built the industry to demonstrate how wine served as an exemplar of racial exclusion, land ownership, and power. Franciscan missionaries, Californios, Indians, Mexicans, Germans, and Chinese came together in vineyards and wineries to reshape racial and class hierarchies. I contend that wine served as the economic engine for trade and agribusiness. Previous scholarship identifies the citrus industry as the birth of modern agribusiness in California; I argue that the labor and environmental needs of the wine industry laid the foundation for specialized industrial agriculture in twentieth-century California.

Project fields:
Labor History; Latino History; U.S. History

Awards for Faculty

Research Programs

$42,000 (approved)
$42,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
9/1/2018 – 6/30/2019