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Grant number: RO-10593-70

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RO-10593-70

Eastern New Mexico University Main Campus (Portales, NM 88130)
Cynthia Irwin Williams (Project Director: 06/01/1970 to present)

Investigations on Origins and Developments of Early Agricultural Society in Southwestern US

Archeological-botantical investigation on the origins and development of agriculture as the basis for the evolution of sedentary society in the Southwestern United States. ABSTRACT: Archeological-botantical investigation on the origins and development of agriculture and the evolution of sedentary society in the Southwestern United States. Attention is focused on dessicated caves in the Tularosa Valley of south-central New Mexico, where preliminary investigations have produced the earliest known evidence of the complete basic agricultural complex (maize, beans, squash) which permitted the growth of sedentary life and complex institutions in the Southwest. The area occupies a critical position and is well situated to record the charcter of the earliest influences from Mexico on the Southwest. Preliminary test at one such locality (Fresnel cave) have produced stratified evidence of human cultures between at least 1600 BC and 1 AD. The well-preserved character of the materials will make possible detailed studies of changing patterns of diet and health, as well as make possible the recovery of stone and bone implements and utilitarian and art-craft objects such as basketry, cloth, ornaments, sandals, weapons and large quanitities of food remains. Funds for salaries, supplies and equipment, travel.

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Basic Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$9,500 (approved)
$9,500 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/1970 – 6/30/1971