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Grant number: RZ-20734-01

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University of Delaware (Newark, DE 19716-0099)
Steven Sidebotham (Project Director: September 2000 to present)

The Mediterranean-Red Sea-Indian Ocean Trade in Antiquity: Excavations at Berenike (Red Sea Coast), Egypt

To support three seasons of continued archaeological investigations in and around the 3rd century BC to 6th century AD Red Sea port of Berenike, Egypt.

Support is requested for the 9th-11th seasons of excavation-study at Berenike, a 3rd c. B.C.-6th c. A.D. Red Sea port in Egypt involved in commerce between the Mediterranean basin and the Red Sea-Indian Ocean littorals. Fieldwork will document long distance transfer of merchandise, peoples, and ideas across disparate cultures of the world's first enduring East-West/land-sea trade network linking Asia, Arabia, Africa, and the Mediterranean basin. Berenike was also important in the regional and local economies of the Eastern Desert of Egypt. Excavations will record who sponsored, promoted, conducted, and benefited from this long-distance trade, how Berenike fit into this network and the advantages and disadvantages of Berenike's location vis-à-vis this commerce. Fieldwork will document key relationships of ethnicity, social status, and religious affiliations of Berenike's population and items carried in this trade (both recorded and unrecorded in the ancient literature and manufactured at Berenike itself.

Project fields:

Collaborative Research

Research Programs

Total amounts:
$100,000 (approved)
$100,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2001 – 12/31/2007