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Funded Projects Query Form
280 matches

Grant programs:Summer Stipends*
Date range: 2019-2021
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Jonathan Brunstedt
Texas A & M University, College Station (College Station, TX 77843-0001)

FT-278123-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2023 – 9/30/2023

The Soviet-Afghan War and the Shadow of Vietnam

Research and writing toward a monograph examining the cultural legacies of the Vietnam (1961–75) and Soviet-Afghan (1979–89) wars.

My project is a book-length historical examination of the entangled cultural legacies of the Vietnam (1961–75) and Soviet-Afghan (1979–89) wars. While Vietnam became a crude metaphor for military quagmire that observers readily applied to Soviet involvement in Afghanistan, my project pursues the far deeper cultural connections between the wars. Building on Michael Rothberg's concept of "multidirectional memory," my book will explore the dynamic process by which the wars in Vietnam and Afghanistan, and by extension American and Soviet political identities, were continuously framed in relation to one another. The project's core hypothesis is that the Vietnam-Afghanistan analogy was central to how Americans and Soviet Russians negotiated both the meaning of these two conflicts and their countries’ place in the world. As I contend, these negotiations hastened the USSR’s collapse and fueled the revival of an American exceptionalism that outlived the Cold War itself.

Trent Masiki
Boston University (Boston, MA 02215-1300)

FT-278142-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products]

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Afro-Latino Memoirs and their African American Influences

Research and writing of a book examining Afro-Latino memoirists’ use of African American aesthetics across the 20th century. 

Under contract with the University of North Carolina Press, Afroethnic Renewal: Afro-Latino Memoirs and their African American Influences, examines understudied African American narrative strategies, cultural tropes, and political genealogies in contemporary Afro-Latino coming-of-age memoirs. Using literary and historical analysis, I argue that Afro-Latino memoir writers use their affiliation with the African American condition to authenticate and assert their sense of national and diasporic belonging. The coherence of Afro-Latinidad, I contend, can be better understood by analyzing the depth and scope of its influence by Black nationalism and cosmopolitanism. The book finds that Afro-Latinos are shaping US culture in ways that open and extend the conventional definitions of African American literature and identity. I am applying for an NEH Summer Stipend to research and write the chapter on Marta Moreno Vega’s memoir When the Spirits Dance Mambo: Growing Up Nuyorican in El Barrio.

Logan James Connors
University of Miami (Coral Gables, FL 33146-2926)

FT-278149-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Theater, Gender, and War in the Age of the French Revolution

Research and writing two chapters of a book on French theater, gender, and the military in revolutionary France from 1756-1804.

A stipend would provide me with two months of dedicated writing to draft two chapters of a book on theater and the military in eighteenth-century France and its empire. My project unearths the relations between the military and the theater in France and its colonial spaces from the Seven Years War (1756-1763) to Napoleon’s coronation in 1804. Grounded in theater and performance studies, in literary analysis of drama, and in cultural, military and gender history, it is the first examination of theater’s engagement with military cultures in France and of the military’s influence on the codes of drama and theatrical performance. The stipend will allow me to draft two chapters about theater, gender, and war during the French Revolution: a chapter in which I read military “event plays” through the lens of theories of reenactment and repetition; and, a chapter that draws from the same corpus to describe the role of women in the Revolutionary war effort and its on-stage representations.

Heather E. Ostman
Westchester Community College (Valhalla, NY 10595-1693)

FT-278187-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2021 – 8/31/2021

Rhetorical Lives: American Women Activists and Autobiography

Research and writing of a book on the rhetorical strategies used in the autobiographies of American women activists. 

This book-length project explores the rhetorical strategies within the autobiographies of six diverse women at the forefront of social and political change in the United States over the last 100 years: Jane Addams (1910), Emma Goldman (1934), Dorothy Day (1952), Angela Davis (1974), Mary Crow Dog (1990), and Betty Friedan (2000). The study looks at the ways each woman activist used gender as well as the conversion narrative and other conventions as rhetorical strategies for the advancement of their individual visions for a new, transformed world.

Harshita Mruthinti Kamath
Emory University (Atlanta, GA 30322-1018)

FT-278260-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
9/1/2021 – 10/31/2021

Poetry, Power, and the Making of Gods and Kings in Telugu South India

Research for a book on the South Asian poet Annamayya (1424-1503) and his role in the history of the Hindu temple at Tirumala in south India.

My proposed project, “Poetry, Power, and the Making of Gods and Kings,” will culminate a critical history of the poet Annamayya (1424-1503 C.E.), his songs inscribed on 2,752 copper plates, and his impact on shaping the powerful presence of the Tirumala temple, which is located in Andhra Pradesh, India. My project examines the life of Annamayya and his songs in order to trace the rise of Tirumala from a regional sectarian site to the most popular Hindu temple in the world today. By examining the intersection of religion, poetry, and patronage in Tirumala, I challenge current scholarship that poses a separation of religion and kingship in South Asia, suggesting that poets like Annamayya had the power to make both gods and kings.

Rebecca Wingo
University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, OH 45220-2872)

FT-278282-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Housing and Adult Education on the Crow Reservation, 1884-1934

Revision leading to a book on federal house-building and adult education initiatives on the Crow Reservation during the Assimilation Era.

My in-progress monograph, Reframing the Crows, examines three under-researched aspects of Native American history during the Assimilation Era: housing, adult education, and photography. My book argues that the Office of Indian Affairs (OIA) fetishized the house as a conduit of education and catalyst for cultural change for tribal adults. Rooted in settler colonialism and misguided Progressive Era philanthropy, the OIA constructed frame houses around Indigenous peoples in an effort to instill American family structures, land use, and moral authority. The government used architectural determinism (the belief that the physical structure of the house could restructure the behavior of the residents within) to erase tribal cultures. On the Crow Reservation in Montana, the OIA meticulously documented employees’ efforts through photography, wittingly or not also documenting the Crows’ resistance. This proposal seeks funding to support revisions of the final two chapters over June/July of 2021.

Sabrina Thomas
Wabash College (Crawfordsville, IN 47933-2484)

FT-278293-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
8/1/2021 – 9/30/2021

The Soul of Blood and Borders: Brown Babies, Black Amerasians and the African American Response

Research for a book on the African American response to biracial children born in the wake of World War II and the Vietnam War.  

The Soul of Blood and Borders: Brown Babies, Black Amerasians and the African American Response is a comparative analysis of the African American community’s disparate responses to the brown babies (the children of African American soldiers and German women born as a result of the Second World War) and the black Amerasians (the offspring of African American soldiers and Vietnamese women born during the Vietnam War). It examines how domestic and foreign factors shaped and reshaped the way African Americans understood race, identity, and progress at two critical points in U.S. history—the modern Civil Rights Movement and the aftermath of the American defeat in the Vietnam War. It contends that at each moment, the brown babies and black Amerasians forced African Americans to reconsider what it meant to be black in America as they fought for racial equality.

David Greenberg
Rutgers University (New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8559)

FT-278376-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2021 – 8/31/2021

A Biography of John Lewis (1940-2020), Civil Rights Leader and Politician

Research for a biography of civil rights leader and politician John Lewis (1940-2020). 

John Lewis: A Life in Politics will be the first cradle-to-grave biography of the late Georgia congressman. Lewis was central to America’s fight for racial justice since 1960, when he and fellow Nashville students applied Gandhian ideas to integrate Jim Crow lunch counters. A founder and chair of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Lewis led major campaigns from the Freedom Rides to the March on Washington to the Selma voting rights march. Ousted as SNCC chairman in 1966, Lewis entered politics, joining Robert Kennedy’s 1968 presidential bid, registering Blacks to vote in the 1970s, and in 1986 winning a seat in Congress, where he rose to be a deputy to the Speaker. Legislatively, he helped extend the Voting Rights Act, established a Black history museum in Washington, and served as “the conscience of Congress.” Lewis’s life story thus shows how the energies of the 1960s civil rights movement, in his person, carried on the drive for racial equality in the following decades.

Emily Berquist Soule
CSU, Long Beach (Long Beach, CA 90840-0004)

FT-278380-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2022 – 8/31/2022

Spain and the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1402-1898

The writing of a book on the Spanish Empire’s role in the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1402-1898.

This chapter examines the various arrangements Spain made with foreign governments and trading companies to deliver slaves to Spanish territories from 1692 through 1744. It is a chapter of my book in progress, The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Rise and Fall of the Spanish Empire (under contract, Yale University Press).

Kristina Frances Nielsen
Southern Methodist University (Dallas, TX 75205)

FT-278381-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/20/2021 – 6/20/2021

Composing Histories: Aztec Music and Dance in Los Angeles

Research and writing leading to a book about Aztec music, dance and indigenous cultural heritage in contemporary Los Angeles.

Across Los Angeles, Mexican-American men, women, and children of all ages participate in Aztec dancing, a communal dance performed to the beat of an Aztec log drum. Many Aztec dance communities have recently tried to remove European elements from their repertoires, restructuring their music to align with interpretations of a pre-Hispanic Aztec aesthetic. Ongoing disagreements in the community pit dancers who view transmission as historically accurate––regardless of European influences––against those who prefer “recovered” traditions that originate from contemporary Indigenous communities. In this project, I consider this gap in perceptions of history and tradition, and the ways it informs participant’s understandings of Indigenous identity and cultural heritage.

William Mychael Sturkey
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Chapel Hill, NC 27599-1350)

FT-278389-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

To Be An American: The Ballad of Master Sergeant Roy P. Benavidez (1935-1998)

Writing of a biography of Vietnam War veteran, Congressional Medal of Honor winner, and iconic military figure Roy Benavidez (1935-1998).

“To Be An American” is a biography of Vietnam War hero Roy Benavidez. Beginning with his family's history as Texas pioneers in the 1800s, it chronicles the saga of Benavidez, tracing his life from the Texas cotton fields to the Pentagon. Through the lens of this legendary Mexican American, this book explores the intersectionality of American citizenship, race, military service, political rhetoric, and public policy against the backdrop of the Cold War and the rise and fall of the liberal welfare state, ultimately examining America’s relationship with its most revered heroes, balanced against what it requires of them in return.

Mary Channen Caldwell
University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA 19104-6205)

FT-278393-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Musical Hagiography and the Medieval Cult of St. Nicholas in Western Europe (ca. 1100-1500)

Research and writing leading to a book about the music and hagiography of St. Nicholas in Western Europe, from 1100 to 1500.

One of the most widely-venerated saints in medieval Europe, St. Nicholas was also one of the most popular saintly subjects for composers and musicians. Music for Nicholas across genre, register, and language outpaced that composed for virtually all other non-biblical saints in the Middle Ages. Despite its quantity and diversity, however, Nicholas’s musical hagiography has yet to be examined. This project explores for the first time how the creation of new musical repertoires shaped and responded to the expansion of Nicholas’s cult, ca. 1100-1500. Nicholas presents an exceptional case among medieval saints since hagiographical texts repeatedly draw attention to song and its role in defining and disseminating his cult. I argue that music became a lynchpin in hagiographical and cultural negotiations, powerful enough to intervene in discourses around the saint and rituals of time and place, liturgy and devotion, race, religious identity, language, and nationhood.

Hallie G. Meredith
Washington State University (Pullman, WA 99164-0001)

FT-278418-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/16/2022 – 7/15/2022

Fragmentary and Unfinished Art: Documenting Undocumented Late Roman Art and Process

Research and writing leading to a monograph on late Roman carving techniques through the study of incomplete stone sculptures.

This project investigates the unfinished work of anonymous Roman artists in order to document their artistic processes. The research focuses on the third to seventh centuries AD, a period not only representing a zenith in late Roman carving but for which numerous excavated production sites are extant. This research is vital for two core reasons. First, no written sources exist documenting production by anonymous artists. Second, the Roman practice of concealing evidence of carving has led to fundamental gaps in our knowledge concerning production. This award will support research at archaeological sites and on related objects. The approach will enable unfinished pieces to take center stage by accessing fundamentally important – but obscured – visual information. This project will make a significant interdisciplinary contribution to discourse in archaeology, ancient history, art history, classics, craft history and theory, and economic studies, among other fields of study.

Humberto Garcia
University of California, Merced (Merced, CA 95344-0039)

FT-278425-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Asian Seafarers in Eighteenth-and Nineteenth-Century English Literature: The Forgotten Black Slaves of the Transatlantic

Research and writing leading to a book on Asian seafarers in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century English literature.

During the height of the African slave trade, British officials initiated the lesser-known forced migration of lascars or Asian sailors, known as “black slaves.” They manned Atlantic-bound ships under conditions that resembled those of enslaved Africans. My book project addresses this gap in critical histories of racial enslavement by examining literary representations of lascars, a workforce that fueled east-west commercial shipping from the late seventeenth century to the end of World War II. Stranded in Britain, they appeared as specters to English writers who imagined a social solution for them different from the one they had devised for black Africans—a moral sympathy wedded to a policy of detention and deportation rather than abolition. My proposed monograph not only bridges hemispheric divisions in humanities scholarship but also creates a new field for studying Indo-Atlantic conceptions of slavery, skin color, migrant labor, and citizenship in English literature and culture.

Alexis Culotta
Administrators of the Tulane Educational Fund, The (New Orleans, LA 70118-5698)

FT-278452-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/15/2022 – 7/15/2022

Fare la Bella Figura: Mapping and Documenting the Vanishing Tradition of the Roman Frescoed Façade

Archival research and fieldwork to document 16th century frescoed façades in Rome leading to the creation of an online database and article.

In early sixteenth-century Rome, a trend emerged in which illustrious patrons commissioned elaborate façade decorations in fresco and sgraffito. These cycles relayed a remarkable array of motifs and were celebrated in their day and even documented (albeit very sporadically) by artists. Today, only a fraction of these façades are still detectable along Rome’s streets. Before this legacy has completely disappeared, my goal in requesting the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Stipend is to embark on a larger initiative to map these various decorated spaces as they once existed in Rome’s center to both chronicle this often overlooked aspect of Renaissance Roman artistic production and to investigate the themes and meaning of this fascinating practice more fully. The products of this chronicle will include a publicly available comprehensive virtual database of images and materials relating to these façades as well as publication draft materials on the topic.

Marc A. Hertzman
Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois (Champaign, IL 61801-3620)

FT-278462-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2022 – 7/31/2022

Palmares after 1695: The Historical Afterlife of a Runaway Slave Community in Northeastern Brazil and Zumbi, its Leader

Research and writing of a book on the destruction of the Quilombo dos Palmares, a large community of runaway slaves in northeastern Brazil, and its legacy.

On November 20, 1695, the Black Brazilian maroon Zumbi died defending Palmares, one of history’s largest fugitive slave settlements. Most histories of Palmares conclude here. My book, however, treats Zumbi’s death and the destruction of Palmares as a starting point for new diasporas and forms of inheritance. By studying African and Afro-Brazilian religious beliefs and practices, place names, and oral traditions alongside previously overlooked colonial documents, I show how memories of Zumbi and Palmares survived in multiple forms in the aftermath of 1695. And I show that a full reckoning with slavery’s legacies and a truly comprehensive system of reparations are impossible without accounting for lineages and histories that derive from other, less commonly recognized forms of inheritance. This book project transforms how we think about fugitive slave communities and diaspora and reshapes conversations about reparations, not just in Brazil but across the Americas.

Victor Seow
President and Fellows of Harvard College (Cambridge, MA 02138-3800)

FT-278463-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Industrial Psychology in Modern China

Writing of a book on the history of industrial psychology in China, from its inception in the 1930s to the present.

This project involves the research and writing of an academically rigorous yet accessible book on the history of industrial psychology in China, from its inception in the 1930s to the present. At the broadest level, this project is interested in exploring how work became and functioned as a subject of scientific inquiry and how sciences of work such as industrial psychology shaped and was shaped by larger societal understandings about the meaning and value of work. Grounded in a bounty of archival materials, an array of published sources, and a range of oral histories, The Human Factor will trace the history of industrial psychology as a technology of production in China, showing how the development of this field of study sat at the intersection of changes in science, industry, and labor over the course of almost a century. Along the way, it sets out to examine shifting assumptions and contentions about what work is and what it should be.

Kara Dixon Vuic
Texas Christian University (Fort Worth, TX 76129-0001)

FT-278474-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2021 – 7/31/2022

Drafting Women

Research for a book on the history of public debates about gender and military conscription in the United States. 

The United States is on the cusp of making one of the most significant changes to American society in the nation’s history: drafting women. Although women have voluntarily served in the military throughout American history, the government has never required them to risk their lives for their country. That exclusion from compulsory military service has had far-reaching consequences for women’s legal standing, economic opportunities, and citizenship. Requiring women to register for Selective Service will remove the last major legal distinction between the obligations and benefits of citizenship for men and women. Drafting Women will provide the necessary historical background for an informed public discussion about what that decision means. The question of drafting women is, at its heart, a question about what it means to serve in the military. It is a question about the relationship between military service and full citizenship. It is a question about what it means to be an American.

Laila Amine
University of Wisconsin System (Madison, WI 53715-1218)

FT-278482-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

Return Travel: The African Diaspora Across Genres of Mobility

Research and writing one chapter of a book examining Anglophone Black literature’s representation of mobility in the African diaspora.  

I am applying for the 2021 National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend to research and write the third chapter of my second book, Return Travel: The African Diaspora Across Genres of Mobility. By return travel, I refer to critical discourses that have remained cordoned off in the study of contemporary black Anglophone literature: African diasporic return to an ancestral home, reverse migration to post-colonies, and the return visit of exiles to their country of origin. Whether temporary, frequent, or permanent, return constitutes quests for freedom. Drawing on and bridging travel, diaspora, and postcolonial studies, Return Travel explains the significance of ubiquitous homecomings that outlasted the American civil rights movement and the independence of African and Caribbean nations.

Anabel Maler
University of Iowa (Iowa City, IA 52242-1320)

FT-278486-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Seeing Voices: Analyzing Sign Language Music

Research and writing of a book about deafness and music in the United States, including the history and analysis of sign language music, from 1800 to the present.

This monograph contextualizes recent musical practices in Deaf culture within the history of deafness and deaf education in America, and proposes a methodology for engaging analytically with the musical products of Deaf culture, in the form of musical works created and performed in sign language. The project’s aim is to bring the long and rich history of sign language music to the attention of music theorists, to engage with it seriously and thoughtfully as a musical art, to understand what elements of music are resilient across modalities, and to grapple with the methodological quandaries that signed music raises for the discipline of music theory. In redefining music as movement, the book argues that sign language music, rather than being marginal or extraneous to histories and theories of music, is in fact central and crucial to our understanding of all musical expression and experience. It argues, above all, for the resilience of music in the face of enormous obstacles.

Scott Selisker
Arizona Board of Regents (Tucson, AZ 85721-0001)

FT-278507-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/6/2021 – 7/5/2021

“Networked Collectives in the Fiction of Silko and Yamashita”

Research and writing to complete the final chapter of a book examining representations of social networks in contemporary fiction.

I am requesting support for archival research for the final chapter of a book-in-progress on social networks in contemporary U.S. fiction. The book analyzes for the first time a formal feature of fictional narrative I call its “character network,” the web of connections between characters. It places contemporary fictional uses of character networks in conversation with the roles of network metaphors in discussions of media technologies, business networking, and centralized and grassroots political formations since the 1970s. Drawing on and complementing current sociological work in network analysis, I claim that recent fiction uses networks in innovative ways in its representations of precarity, exclusion, and individual and collective action. I seek funding to visit archives for key draft and process documents for two major novels on multiethnic coalitions in grassroots political movements, Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead and Karen Tei Yamashita’s I Hotel.

Jennifer Bryan
Oberlin College (Oberlin, OH 44074-1057)

FT-278537-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/7/2021 – 7/6/2021

Chaucer’s Ovidian Arts: Poetic Influence and Innovation at the Beginning of English Literature

Research and writing towards a monograph about the influence of the Roman poet Ovid (43 BCE–17/18 CE) on the medieval English poet Geoffrey Chaucer (1340s–1400 CE).

“Chaucer’s Ovidian Arts: Poetic Influence and Innovation at the Beginning of English Literature” will investigate the influence of the Roman poet Ovid (43 BCE–17/18 CE) on the medieval English poet Geoffrey Chaucer (1340s–1400 CE). It will consider how Chaucer’s lifelong engagement with Ovidian techniques, modes, questions, and ideas resulted in some of the most remarkable and innovative poetry in the English tradition. It will be a significant resource for Chaucer scholars without intimate knowledge of Ovid, at a time when more Chaucerians than ever are conscious of Ovid’s importance, but few are conversant with that poet’s works. It will make major contributions to the ongoing historicization of literary forms, and to concepts of poetic influence and literary “tradition,” while providing a richer sense of Chaucer’s own understanding of the purpose of poetry and the relationships between art and life.

Gerardo Con Diaz
Regents of the University of California, Davis (Davis, CA 95618-6153)

FT-278538-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

Digital Access: Copyright Law and the Birth of the Online World

Archival research and writing a book on the history of internet copyright law.

I will finish Digital Access, a book that recounts the human stories behind the rise and current state of Internet copyright (under contract, Yale Press). This is public-facing scholarship grounded entirely on original interdisciplinary research. It will show that the future of a media-rich, free-flowing Internet depends on understanding how the technological and commercial systems that sustain the online world have developed jointly with, and are inseparable from, the past and present of U.S. copyright law. The book argues that the struggle to regulate the flow of creative works online has 1) eroded the cultural and political boundaries that distinguish copyright enforcement from censorship, 2) transformed legal and legislative proceedings into battlegrounds for competing conceptions of the Internet and its future, and 3) infused global Internet governance with unsolved legal puzzles over the meaning of creativity and media reproduction that date as far back as the 1960s.

Gene Zubovich
SUNY Research Foundation, University at Buffalo (Amherst, NY 14228-2577)

FT-278557-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/24/2021 – 7/23/2021

Culture Warriors Abroad: a Global History of the American Culture Wars

Research for a book on how American religious organizations intervened in the cultural and political affairs of other countries after World War II.

Culture Warriors Abroad: a Global History of the American Culture Wars will be the first book-length historical study of how Americans exported the culture wars and worked in tandem with allies in Africa, Europe, and Asia to further their visions of democracy. By exploring the history of the culture wars abroad from the 1960s to the present day, and the transnational links that sustained them, it will show that today’s divisions about what a democracy should look like are nothing new. The book will explore historical precedents to today’s debates about the health of democracies, including race, gender, education, birth control, free speech, abortion, and AIDS medication, and the relationship between religion and secular democratic states. In doing so, Culture Warriors Abroad offers a genealogy of today’s political realignments underway in the United States and beyond.

David Thomson
Sacred Heart University (Fairfield, CT 06825-1000)

FT-278558-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2022 – 7/31/2022

Debt Defaults and the Perils of 19th Century American Capitalism

Research leading to a book about how state debt defaults shaped the development of the national finance system in the United State from the 1840s through the 1870s.

State debt in the 19th century played a large role in defining and imperiling American capitalism. I am interested in reconstructing the role and activities of United States state debt defaults in the 1840s and the 1870s. During both periods of time, numerous states in the North and South defaulted leading to widespread national and international ramifications. The state debt defaults offer a fascinating window into nineteenth century economic life and play a role in understanding the nationalization of American financial infrastructure during this time period. This realization of the nation’s latent financial power during a period of great financial turmoil and Civil War goes a long way towards explaining the reorientation and refashioning of American finance in the nineteenth century along national lines—but with lingering transnational consequences.

Caryn E. Murphy
University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh (Oshkosh, WI 54901-8610)

FT-278565-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/15/2021 – 7/14/2021

Dramatic Inventions: Writers and Producers in Early Network Television

Writing and research for two chapters of a book examining how creative personnel in the television industry found opportunities to engage social issues as a result of a changing network system in the 1960s. 

This project examines how television writers and producers approached controversial subjects and introduced new storytelling formats during the 1960s, the early era of centralized network control. The network era is examined as a time of transition, in which the new dominance of the filmed series substantially altered the craft of television writing. The goal of this project is to reassess an era of television history that has previously been dismissed for its reliance on formulaic, audience-pleasing programming. I use archival records to argue that creative personnel were aware of the constraints represented by a three-network system, and they balanced the medium’s desire for convention with measured techniques of invention as they developed, executed, and promoted television dramas.

Molly Taylor-Poleskey
Middle Tennessee State University (Murfreesboro, TN 37132-0001)

FT-278568-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/7/2021 – 8/6/2021

Food and Culture at the Court of Friedrich Wilhelm (1640-1688), Great Elector of Brandenburg-Prussia

Research and writing toward a monograph examining the court of Prince Elector Friedrich Wilhelm (1640–1688) through its food and culture.

My forthcoming book, Food and Culture at the Court of the Great Elector, is an alternative to the traditional military and bureaucratic narratives about the composite state of Brandenburg-Prussia in the seventeenth century. The food consumption and policies of the court of Prince Elector Friedrich Wilhelm (1640–1688) offer a critical new perspective on how this ruler struggled for stability in the ashes of the Thirty Years War variously through collaboration, coercion, and in cahoots with a range of actors. Although a basic need, food was also a tool of lofty self-representation. At the same time, the need for food made the ruler dependent on his subject-suppliers and was therefore a leverage in the negotiations underlying the development of the state.

Andrea Ruth Weiss
CUNY Research Foundation, City College (New York, NY 10031-9101)

FT-278572-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

The Five Demands: The Untold Story of the Tumultuous Two Weeks that Changed the Face of Higher Education

Research for a documentary film on a 1969 strike by Black and Puerto Rican students at City College of New York.

This proposal is for a summer stipend to conduct research for a documentary on the 1969 campus strike by Black and Puerto Rican students at the City College of New York. This documentary will tell the dramatic story of this defining moment in the history of student protest, one that literally changed the face of American universities. One of the distinctive aspects of the takeover is that it was led not by white middle class rebels protesting government actions halfway around the world but by Black and Hispanic students in a public institution not serving the public of its surrounding environs. The ensuing policy of Open Admissions remains the longest, most ambitious attempt by any American institution to address inequalities in access to higher education. The challenges this policy presented led to profound changes in thinking about the role and purpose of higher education: what the university is, whom it serves, what is taught—questions that continue to confront us as a nation.

Adrian Finucane
Florida Atlantic University (Boca Raton, FL 33431-6424)

FT-278574-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/25/2021 – 8/24/2021

Captive Exchanges: Prisoners of War and the Trade in Secrets, 1700-1760

Research and writing two chapters for a book on the use of prisoners of war in gathering military and commercial intelligence in 18th century British colonies of the American southeast.

Captive Exchanges addresses themes of warfare and incarceration as well as empire and cultural contact in the eighteenth-century Atlantic world. This monograph argues that prisoners of war acted as crucial conduits in the development of military and commercial intelligence in the long conflict between the growing British colonies of the southeast and Spanish Florida. It uncovers the varied experiences of prisoners of war before the codification of international laws about the taking and holding of captives. People seized by an enemy might be closely confined, subject to interrogation, allowed to wander freely or quickly returned to their countrymen. Colonial officials sometimes kept captives in enemy cities for weeks or months before freeing them to inevitably bring military information to their own lines. Investigating the impact of intelligence-gathering by prisoners reveals networks of information that were inadvertently created by captives and officials on the edges of empire.

Marie Alexis Easley
University of St. Thomas (St. Paul, MN 55105-1096)

FT-278582-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

A Biography of Eliza Cook (1812-1889): Victorian Poet, Journalist, and Radical

Research and writing towards a biography of English poet and editor Eliza Cook (1812–1898).

I propose to write a biography of Eliza Cook (1812–89), one of the most famous and influential women of letters in Great Britain during the early and mid-Victorian periods. Cook not only was the prolific author of poetry volumes whose work was widely reprinted in the British and American press but also served as the editor of Eliza Cook’s Journal (1849–54), which rivaled Dickens’s Household Words in popularity. Cook was a political radical and iconoclast who dressed in men’s clothing and had a widely publicized romantic relationship with American actress Charlotte Cushman. This book, when complete, will be the first biography dedicated to Cook—long overdue recognition for a writer who was a well-known feminist, celebrity poet, cultural icon, and innovative journalist. I plan to incorporate a wide range of unpublished archival material from libraries in the UK and US, including letters, manuscripts, and author portraits.

Jacqueline Meier
University of North Florida (Jacksonville, FL 32224-7699)

FT-278594-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/18/2021 – 8/17/2021

Animals of a Late Bronze Age Household at Mycenae, Greece

Research and writing two articles on the use and treatment of animals in Late Bronze Age Mycenae in Greece.

Animals played vital roles as symbols, resources and individuals in Late Bronze Age societies. My research uses a context-based approach to elucidate human-animal interactions at Mycenae, Greece in the Late Bronze Age. I employ zooarchaeology to study how ceramic artisans lived with and used animals at the height of the palatial period at Mycenae (LHIIIA2, 14th c. BCE). I focus on faunal remains recovered from a well in the craft-producing household of Petsas House. The well remains are a significant source of evidence about animal lives, as texts and household evidence of animals are rare at Mycenae. With NEH support, I will write two articles to clarify how animal and human lives were intertwined in a Mycenaean household. I will use a life history approach to study household management of animals and domestic faunal refuse. This will challenge current views of human-animal boundaries at Mycenae and reveal how animals were a part of the household in life and death.

Chantal Frankenbach
University Enterprises, Inc. (Sacramento, CA 95819-2694)

FT-278632-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products]

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Isadora Duncan and the Popularization of Race Hygiene and Eugenics in Pre-War Germany, 1902-1905

Research and writing of a book about American modern dancer Isadora Duncan (1877-1927), her early career in Germany (1902-1905), and pre-World War I German culture and politics.

My book project documents American modern dancer Isadora Duncan’s early career in Germany (1902-1905), where her wildly popular revolt against traditional ballet animated debate across the political spectrum. Coupled with her nearly nude “classical” dancing, Duncan’s writings on Darwinist evolution and her demands for clothing, health, and education reform generated intense interest from the German public. A storm of controversy over Duncan pitted proponents of classical humanism and liberal democracy against neo-conservative nationalist reformers—all struggling for the public’s allegiance at a critical turning point in pre-war German politics. I argue that Duncan’s display of the strong, beautiful, natural body gave inadvertent, yet tangible support to the early architects of German Aryanism and National Socialism. Through critical reaction to Duncan’s hold on a politically disenchanted citizenry, we discover new narratives of public persuasion that facilitated Nazism in Germany.

Michael Todd Rogers
Arkansas Tech University (Russellville, AR 72801-8819)

FT-278673-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

[Grant products][Media coverage]

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

Anti-Federalist Criticisms of the Electoral College

Research and writing a journal article on the Anti-Federalist critique of the Electoral College during the 1780 Constitutional Convention and Ratification.

Founders like Hamilton and Wilson as well as historians and political scientists like Main, Ellis, Milkis and Nelson have suggested the Electoral College escaped much scrutiny at the founding. Main quantifies this view, saying he did not believe even twelve Anti-Federalists raised criticism of it (1961, 140). Given the last of the thirteen original states ratification documents became available at the end of 2019 through The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, a content analysis can be completed that shows Main grossly underestimates the number and extent of Anti-Federalist criticisms of the Electoral College. To promote the civic education of Americans and encourage more objective debate of it free of deference to the founding, a manuscript will be published in a leading history or political science journal (possibly the Journal of American History), which disproves the Electoral College lacked much reproach during the 1780s ratification debates.

Elizabeth Perez
Regents of the University of California, Santa Barbara (Santa Barbara, CA 93106-0001)

FT-278675-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Faces of Faith, Kindred Spirits: Black & Latinx Transgender Religious Lives

Complete revisions of five chapters of a book on the religious practices of transgender African-Americans and Latinx people.

NEH’s Summer Stipend would support the completion of my second book, Faces of Faith, Kindred Spirits: Black & Latinx Transgender Religious Lives. The fruit of a decade of ethnographic and archival research, the book reveals that the history of trans liberation is American religious history. Faces of Faith shows that trans people have re-envisioned established religious forms so as to be seen and heard within their chosen traditions. In the U.S., these forms include singing in Gospel choirs; cooking “church food”; quoting Bible verses and preaching; building altars for saints and the Virgin Mary; and paying homage to Afro-Diasporic gods and ancestors. Faces of Faith documents the reclamation of these religious forms through innovative “de-Othering” strategies. The first book to provide a richly textured analysis of Black and Latinx trans religious practitioners, Faces of Faith promises to be a pathbreaking contribution to religious studies, anthropology, and women’s and gender studies.

Jyoti Puri
Simmons College (Boston, MA 02115-5898)

FT-278679-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2021 – 8/31/2021

Migrant Death: Funeral and Mourning Practices among Sikh and Muslim Immigrants in the United States

Ethnographic research into attitudes towards death and funeral practices among South Asian immigrants to the United States.

This book project focuses on migrant practices regarding death and mourning in the U.S. from the early 20th century to the present. Centering on death practices among non-Christian migrants, it tracks the inexorable impact of racism, religious intolerance, and white nationalism. It also highlights how burials, cremations, and mourning among Sikh and Muslim migrants dignify communities and forge a vital sense of belonging to the nation, its land and territory. Thus, death offers a unique lens to understand the histories of American social and cultural politics that endure in the 21st century. This view complicates dominant accounts of death in the U.S.—as either essentially private or managed by the funeral industry. It chronicles, too, the need to revise established sociological lineages in the study of death and to expand the scope of South Asian migration studies, issues that have gained additional urgency in the wake of the current pandemic.

Swati Srivastava
Purdue University (West Lafayette, IN 47907-2040)

FT-278682-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Algorithmic Empires: The Political and Ethical Implications of Data Extraction by Technology Companies

Writing two chapters for a book on the development and use of algorithms by big technology companies.

Big technology companies like Facebook and Google concentrate power over the world in “algorithmic empires” — the concept this book develops to describe the extraction of vast amounts of personal data to feed digital systems that structure what we know and how we are known. Algorithms convert individual experience into data, the most valuable global commodity, and generate artificially narrow content to capture our attention. Through mass surveillance and information manipulation, algorithmic empires contribute to an erosion of trust in technology and a misinformed citizenry. The book makes sense of algorithmic empires by: 1. Tracing the logic of algorithmic empires for resource extraction and social control and its relationship to “surveillance capitalism”; 2. Cataloguing Facebook scandals in privacy violations and microtargeting along with gaps in its global regulation; 3. Theorizing public responsibility that shifts our relationship to algorithmic empires from consumers to subjects.

Tatyana Gershkovich
Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890)

FT-278699-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
7/1/2022 – 8/31/2022

The Legacy of Leo Tolstoy Inside and Outside Russia, 1920-1928

Archival research in Moscow and writing two chapters of a book on the reconstruction and the reinterpretation of Tolstoy's works by Communists in the Soviet Union and by Russian émigrés who fled Russia after 1917.

Tolstoy Red and White will be the first comparative account of Tolstoy’s literary and philosophical afterlife in the Soviet Union and in Russian emigration. Drawing on archival material in Berlin, Prague, Paris and Moscow, I reconstruct a “White Tolstoy”—the Tolstoy of the émigrés—alongside the “Red” one. By comparing Tolstoy Red and White, how these figures were formed and how they were put to use, I elucidate how these two rival societies, each defining itself against the other, navigated their indebtedness to the same cultural past. I expect to shed new light on Tolstoy, too. By examining his double afterlife pedagogically, performatively, and in posthumous publications, and doing so in the context of his own ideas on education, art, law, and religion, I show how Tolstoy’s texts resisted or failed to resist these attempts to assimilate and domesticate them.

Marcio Siwi
Towson University (Towson, MD 21252-0001)

FT-278702-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Making the Modern and Cultured City: Art, Architecture, and Urbanism in São Paulo and New York (1940 - 1960)

Writing and revising a comparison of art, architecture, and urbanism in New York City and São Paulo, 1940-1960.

My book recasts standard narratives of São Paulo and New York through an analysis of art, architecture and urbanism, arguing that North-South elites worked together (though not always agreeably) to create a shared vision of the modern and cultured city in the post-WWII period. Exploring these distinct but interrelated practices from the 1940s to the 1960s from a transnational perspective, I argue that efforts to make São Paulo and New York into regional leaders earned these cities international standing, even as it intensified patterns of uneven development, spatial segregation and racial anxiety. Popular sectors, I show, readily responded to racialized visions of the city, setting-up the stage from which different sectors of society would negotiate the shape that modernity would take.

John S. Garrison
Grinnell College (Grinnell, IA 50112-2227)

FT-278708-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

The Pleasures of Memory in Shakespeare's Sonnets

Research and writing towards a book about memory as it appears in William Shakespeare’s sonnets.

This fellowship would allow me to complete my current book project, “The Pleasures of Memory in Shakespeare’s Sonnets.” The volume, under contract with Oxford University Press, analyzes this famous set of poems in order to contribute to the larger, interdisciplinary study of memory. The book contends that modern scientific accounts of how memories are formed leave out the possibility of agential techniques for memory making, techniques that were explored by a number of early modern thinkers including Shakespeare. By drawing upon insights from contemporary neuroscience, psychoanalytic theory, and what early modern writers called “the art of memory,” the book explores the notion that we begin to prefigure pleasurable experiences in our minds based not just on past recollection but also on hope for how our future self will look back upon them.

Eva Michelle Wheeler
Oakwood University (Huntsville, AL 35896-0001)

FT-278710-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

When Black Stories Go Global: How Racial Language is Rendered in Translations of African American Literature and Film

Research and writing leading to an article and a podcast about how racialized language in African-American literature and film is translated into Spanish and Portuguese.

This project analyzes how racial language from African-American literature and film is translated into Spanish and Portuguese. As I explore this question, I am particularly interested in the translation of racial labels and of racialized linguistic practice. The analysis of the translation of racial language in film and literature is an area of inquiry that has seen substantial growth over the past decade. Significantly, to this point, the translation of racial labels and the representation of racialized linguistic practice have been parallel but ultimately separate lines of research. A review of academic literature on the topic reveals that no existing study examines both translation phenomena. The present study seeks to fill that gap. In addition to the project’s significance as a scholarly endeavor, it is also a significant inquiry for the current social and political moment. Final products will include research talks, an article manuscript, and a podcast episode.

Michael Thomas Dango
Beloit College (Beloit, WI 53511-5595)

FT-278715-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

The Changing Definition of Rape in Contemporary Art and Literature

Writing one chapter of a book examining the humanistic frameworks through which rape has been explicated as a social ill.

Many leading works of the 1970s antirape movement, from Kate Millett’s Sexual Politics to Andrea Dworkin’s Woman Hating, were literary criticism. But today, discussions of sexual violence are dominated by the law and public health. What Does Rape Look Like? seeks to reinvigorate humanistic contributions to the antirape movement. I argue that contemporary American art and literature, especially by women and queer people of color, better understands sexual violence than legal and public health discourses. Whereas the law classifies interpersonal crimes and determines individual responsibility for them, and whereas public health surveils a population to model the incidence, causes, and economic burden of violence, an aesthetic discourse asks how a larger cultural context creates rape, how the genres and forms in which the story of rape is told set the boundaries of its intelligibility, and how metaphorical thinking can transform those boundaries.

Richard J. Bell
University of Maryland, College Park (College Park, MD 20742-5141)

FT-278719-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/21/2021 – 8/20/2021

The First Freedom Riders: Streetcars and Street Fights in Jim Crow New York

Research for a book on the desegregation of mass transit in New York City before and during the Civil War.

I seek the NEH Summer Stipend to conduct 2 months of archival research for a new book project. The First Freedom Riders is the story of Elizabeth Jennings, the 25-year-old New Yorker who launched the first successful civil disobedience campaign in U.S. history. On Sunday, July 16, 1854, Jennings stepped onto a ‘whites-only’ streetcar on Third Avenue becoming the first among a small army of young black women and men to fight to forcibly desegregate mass transit in New York City. The First Freedom Riders argues that their campaign to stage a civil war in miniature was unprecedented, radical, and highly coordinated. To disrupt and destroy Jim Crow in Gotham City, black activists built a new organization, the Legal Rights Association, that pioneered the art and science of protesting in public and developed strategies of civil disobedience—public set-pieces, boycotts, petitions, defense funds, etc.—that have become the hallmarks of grassroots anti-racism protests ever since.

Elizabeth Andrea Ramirez Soto, PhD
San Francisco State University (San Francisco, CA 94132-1722)

FT-278729-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2022 – 7/31/2022

Global South Filmmakers in European Experimental Television

Research and writing of a book about Latin American filmmakers who worked in European public broadcasting during the 1980s and 1990s.

This project provides a history of the cultural, aesthetic, political, and institutional exchanges between European public broadcasting and filmmakers from the Global South during the 1980s and early 1990s. Specifically, it examines the work of Latin American directors who, fleeing the Southern Cone dictatorships, relocated in Europe where they continued making films under the support of various television networks. The main goal is to explore the characteristics of these collaborations studying the context in which these films emerged, how they were made, their promotion, reception, and circulation within and beyond television. While doing so, it advances an understanding of Latin American cinema as a deeply transnational one, largely produced outside the boundaries of the nation-state. Overall, this research offers a historical account of an overlooked period of rich transatlantic and pan-European cultural dialogues.

Marissa O'Connor Nicosia
Pennsylvania State University, Altoona Campus (Altoona, PA 16601-3777)

FT-278743-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2021 – 7/31/2021

Seasonal Tastes: English Literary and Recipe Culture, 1550-1750

Research and writing towards a book examining the intertextual links among domestic writing, food culture, and early modern English poetry.

Seasonal Tastes investigates poetic style, culinary flavor, and the construction of diurnal time in early modern English literary works and practical handbooks. In early modern usage, the word “season” was a verb, describing the act and art of flavoring dishes, and a noun, indicating a specific time of the year. Likewise, “taste” referred both to bodily sensation and readerly pleasure; the consumption of food as well as a discerning appetite for literary culture. Seasonal Tastes puts literary works and “how to” literature in dialogue to explore flavor, time, literary form, and climate in the early modern period. This project intervenes in debates about how nature is depicted within literary studies, and within the humanities more broadly, by taking seasons as its central focus.

Joanna Wuest
Princeton University (Princeton, NJ 08540-5228)

FT-278744-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

Biology and the Construction of Identity: Science, Citizenship, and Inequality in the LGBTQ+ Movement

Writing of a book on the influence of scientific concepts of queer identity on policy debates.

In examining the tenacity of biological visions of identity, my book manuscript “Born This Way: Science, Citizenship, and Inequality in the American LGBTQ+ Movement” reveals that we cannot conceive of political campaigns, litigation, and public discussion of LGBTQ+ rights as existing distinct from the realms of genetics and neurological research, biomedicine, and psychology. It demonstrates how this narrative of identity has been produced and reproduced by scientists, nonprofit leaders, litigators, and activists who have worked together to construct and to deploy biological conceptions of identity since the mid-twentieth century. Thus, the book illuminates the role that biologically inflected visions of human nature have played in the formation of political identities and attendant demands for full and equal citizenship. In other words, it posits that scientific institutions and authority should be properly understood as foundational to the character of American LGBTQ+ advocacy politics.

Tai Elizabeth Johnson
Longwood University (Farmville, VA 23909-1800)

FT-278756-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2022 – 6/30/2022

Shifting Nature: Agriculture, Environment, and Health on the Hopi Indian Reservation since 1882

Research for a book on how economic and environmental forces have affected ecological and human health on the reservation of the Hopi Tribe in northern Arizona.   

Shifting Nature: Agriculture, Environment, and Health on the Hopi Indian Reservation since 1882 is the first book to analyze how economic and environmental forces transformed one of North America’s oldest and most biologically diverse food systems, disrupting human and environmental health in the process. Intertwining archival research with oral histories conducted collaboratively with the Hopi Tribe, the book asks questions at the heart of environmental humanities: How do communities lose or maintain control of the cultural, economic, and environmental resources in which their subsistence is rooted? How does the erosion or resilience of traditional foodways shape human and ecological health? And how can oral history help us understand historic shifts in indigenous food systems, disease, and the environment? The project illuminates these questions by using the Hopi story as a microcosm through which to explore shifting histories of subsistence, ecology, and health in modern America.

Meredith Oda
University of Nevada, Reno (Reno, NV 89557-0001)

FT-278757-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2022 – 6/30/2022

Japanese American Resettlement and Alien Belonging, 1941-1952

Research leading to a book on the resettlement of Japanese Americans after internment during World War II.

This book project is a case study of aliens legally and categorically excluded from citizenship, yet privy to the extensive rights and responsibilities usually associated with citizenship. From 1941 to 1952, both citizen and alien Japanese Americans were deemed “enemy aliens,” incarcerated, and resettled in U.S. communities. This project explores the latter understudied resettlement period to understand the paradox of “alien belonging”: literally excluded Japanese Americans became the beneficiary of expansive state and private largesse, largesse not without constraints but inaccessible to most citizens. This aid helped Japanese migrants and their U.S.-born children to leave incarceration camps and craft forms of belonging in adopted communities that belied their alien status. Their story demonstrates a resonant alien inclusion, as Americans today struggle to understand our obligations towards detained migrants, asylum-seekers, religious minorities, and others seen as alien and excluded.

Kritish Rajbhandari
Reed College (Portland, OR 97202-8199)

FT-278766-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/28/2021 – 8/27/2021

Rewriting the Past and Tracing the Limits of Community in Contemporary Indian Ocean Fiction

Writing of a book on the relationship between fiction and history in a selection of contemporary South Asian and Eastern African novels written in French and English.

This book project confronts the importance of lateral exchanges in the Indian Ocean in shaping the cultures and communities of the region. It takes the Indian Ocean as a transnational framework to explore the relationship between fiction and history in contemporary Anglophone and Francophone novels from South Asia and Eastern Africa. Examining the novels alongside multi-lingual, trans-historical archives, ranging from legal and administrative documents to travel narratives, photographs, and film, I contend that the novels employ a self-conscious mode of rewriting history, which exposes the limits of the various forms of community imagined in the region. This interdisciplinary project formulates a historically and culturally informed reading of the Indian Ocean that is sensitive to the region’s complex history of colonization and decolonization and at the same time responsive to its racial, linguistic, and cultural heterogeneity.

Rita Lucarelli
University of California, Berkeley (Berkeley, CA 94704-5940)

FT-278790-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2021 – 6/30/2021

Agents of Punishment and Protection. Assessing the Demonic in First Millennium BCE Egypt

Research leading to preparation of a book on ancient Egyptian texts about the place of demons in religion. 

Demonology is an integral, though often neglected aspect of the ancient Egyptian religion. Defining “demons” poses issues of ontological classification, especially when dealing with an ancient civilization whose sources of study are not always descriptive neither comprehensive. In the ancient Egyptian magical texts and representations, a variegated series of liminal beings act as agents of punishment but also of protection towards the living and the dead. A contextualized and in-depth study of each of the available sources, which will be carried out in the proposed book-project, is necessary in order to understand the role that those agents played in the ancient Egyptian religious beliefs and how people would communicate with demons through magical practices and the help of professional ritualists. By assessing the existence of an ancient Egyptian demonology, the author will also attempt a comparative study with other discourses on demons in the ancient world.

Elizabeth Ann Fretwell
Old Dominion University (Norfolk, VA 23529-0001)

FT-278792-21
Summer Stipends
Research Programs

Totals:
$6,000 (approved)
$6,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2022 – 7/31/2022

Tailoring Identities: Craft, Gender, and Material Culture in Urban Benin

Archival and ethnographic research so that she can finish drafting chapters two and three of her manuscript on "petty" economy in Benin, especially the practice of buying cloths and tailoring them to made-to-order clothes.

This book manuscript project is a history of tailors and clothing in Benin from the era of the precolonial Kingdom of Dahomey (c.1600 – 1894) to the recent past. In this part of West Africa, men and women regularly bring cloth purchased in local markets to artisan tailors to sew made-to-order outfits for ceremonial and everyday wear. By tracing the long history of the objects, craft knowledge, and practices of tailoring, this project shows how the making and wearing of tailored clothing gave form and expression to modernity, urbanization, and political transformations. In doing so, “Tailoring Identities” reveals how international and regional markets in cloth and clothing intersected with colonial, national, and local politics, as well as regimes of taste and shifting notions of identity and affinity. Employing archival, visual, material, and oral sources, this project posits that as tailors made clothes, they also crafted ideas and gendered experiences of self, city, and nation.