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32 matches

Program: Collaborative Research*
Date range: 2014-2016
Sort order: Award year, descending

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RZ-249777-16

Stanford University (Stanford, CA 94305-2004)
Justin Leidwanger (Project Director: 12/08/2015 to present)

The Marzamemi Church Wreck

Excavation and analysis at the underwater shipwreck site of Marzamemi in Sicily. See website at https://marzamemi.stanford.edu/.

With its immense and well-preserved cargo that includes prefabricated 6th-century religious architectural and decorative elements, the famous Marzamemi "church wreck" off Sicily raises critical questions about interrelated issues of private commercial and directed exchange, local and imperial patronage and propaganda, urban and provincial religious life, and maritime connectivity more generally. The site's unique material assemblage, its location astride some of the busiest Mediterranean sea lanes, and its historical context amid the twilight of the Roman Empire provide an ideal opportunity to evaluate the role of communication and exchange in these profound transformations of the ancient world. This proposal seeks funding to support a three-year multidisciplinary research program of excavation, digital modeling, and analysis as a window into this remarkable site.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Classics

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$290,000 (approved)
$290,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
4/1/2017 – 3/31/2020


RZ-249786-16

Duke University (Durham, NC 27705-4677)
Allen Buchanan (Project Director: 12/08/2015 to present)
Russell Powell (Co Project Director: 01/19/2016 to present)

The Evolution of Moral Progress

Preparation for publication of a co-written book about the possibility of a theory of moral progress in light of current evolutionary explanations of morality.

Evolutionary theories of morality paint a pessimistic picture of moral progress, suggesting that certain types of moral progress may be unrealistic or inappropriate for beings like us. At the same time, our history of moral achievements indicates that morality is far more plastic than evolutionary accounts might suggest. In this collaborative book project, we combine our philosophical expertise to revisit the question of moral progress within the strictures of our best scientific understanding of human psychology and society. We explore what moral progress consists in, how it is possible given the kinds of beings that we are, the avenues through which it is effectively achieved, and what its ultimate limits might be.

Project fields:
Ethics

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$110,000 (approved)
$109,997 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2018


RZ-249792-16

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1382)
Nicola Terrenato (Project Director: 12/08/2015 to present)

At the Roots of Roman Urbanism: The Gabii Project

Archaeological excavation and analysis at the ancient city site of Gabii, near Rome. See website at https://sites.lsa.umich.edu/gabiiproject/.

The Gabii Project is in the process of making a very significant difference to our understanding of the origins of Roman urbanism. It revolves around a decade-long, large-scale excavation of a unique major center, the Latin city of Gabii. Since the city was almost completely abandoned by the 1st century BCE, it offers unparalleled access to those Mid-Republican, Archaic and Iron Age levels that have proven so elusive elsewhere. Seven campaigns of excavation have so far already produced key advances in our knowledge. This complex stratigraphic context is being recorded with innovative 3D digital techniques, directly geared to a new kind of peer-reviewed online publication of the excavation results. Continuing and extending this excavation would allow the discovery of another major Mid-Republican public area of the city and the complete investigation of an Iron Age elite compound, throwing more crucial light on the formation process of Roman cities.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$246,780 (approved)
$219,646 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2017 – 12/31/2019


RZ-249825-16

Northeastern University (Boston, MA 02115-5000)
Julia Flanders (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)

Intertextual Networks: Reading and Citation in Women's Writing 1450-1850

Research and online publications by the Women Writers Project (WWP) on the influence of reading practices on literary composition of early modern women writers.

The Women Writers Project (WWP) at Northeastern University seeks funding for a collaborative research project aimed at exploring and theorizing the representation of intertextuality, focusing on the citation and quotation practices of the female authors represented in the WWP’s digital collection, Women Writers Online (WWO). The project will cover three main activities. Members of the team will pursue research projects that contribute to our understanding of intertextuality, engaging with materials from Women Writers Online, and their outcomes will be expressed as public exhibits published in Women Writers in Context. Second, members of the team will produce a series of blog posts on intertextuality which will be synthesized as a final report on intertextuality. Finally, the WWP will extend its encoding of intertextual phenomena to represent quotations, citations, and other intertextual references in the WWO collection, with a comprehensive bibliography of referenced works.

Project fields:
American Literature; British Literature

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$290,000 (approved)
$290,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2019


RZ-249831-16

Yale University (New Haven, CT 06510-1703)
William Honeychurch (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Chunag Amartuvshin (Co Project Director: 01/27/2016 to present)
Joshua Wright (Co Project Director: 01/27/2016 to present)

Innovative Disruptions: The Archaeology of Nomadic Statehood in Eastern Mongolia

The Dornod Mongol Survey (DMS) will excavate, analyse, and publish findings on archaeological sites in the Sukhbaatar region of eastern Mongolia, looking to answer questions about Mongolia's political traditions, the rise of the Great Wall, and the rivalry between the civilizations of China and Inner Asia.

This proposal requests support for a three year archaeological survey and excavation project (2017-2020) to test a new model for Xiongnu state emergence. The Dornod Mongol Survey (DMS) project seeks to test this model in a part of Mongolia where archaeological research is still greatly under-represented, specifically in the southeastern steppe region of Sukhbaatar province. Our study not only adds significantly to knowledge of Mongolia’s political heritage, but to a fuller understanding of the development of East Asia as a vast territory composed of diverse political traditions alternately in competition and alliance over millennia. Study of these processes helps to explain the making of the Xiongnu state, the rise of the Great Wall frontier, and the enduring legacy of rivalry between the very different civilizations of China and of Inner Asia.

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$221,059 (approved)
$219,918 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2017 – 5/31/2020


RZ-249860-16

Rice University (Houston, TX 77005-1827)
Nanxiu Qian (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Richard Smith (Co Project Director: 01/29/2016 to present)

Reconsidering the Sino Cultural Sphere: A Critical Examination of the Use of Literary Chinese by East Asian Cultures

An international scholarly conference with participants from Asia, North America, and Europe, reconsidering the role of classical Chinese written language in the development of China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam.

This conference brings scholars from Asia and the West into a direct conversation about the way that the classical Chinese written language, or literary Sinitic, has contributed to the shaping of the Sinosphere (China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam). For hundreds of years, the Sinosphere shared this language for recording and transmitting its rich cultures. A close reading of this huge but understudied body of literature will not only enhance our knowledge of the complicated process by which East Asian cultures negotiated their respective identities, but also contribute to a larger and much-needed academic conversation about similar processes in other parts of the world. To achieve this goal, we need to subvert the longstanding Sinocentrism of East Asian Studies, showing that once cultural products travel into another cultural context, they quickly become embedded in that physical and intellectual space, and evolve into new forms of literary life that bear indigenous qualities.

Project fields:
East Asian Studies

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$65,000 (approved)
$65,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2017 – 12/31/2018


RZ-249862-16

New York University (New York, NY 10012-1019)
Alexander Nagel (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Elizabeth Horodowich (Co Project Director: 01/29/2016 to present)

Amerasia: A Renaissance Discovery

Research and writing for a book on how Europeans, during the Age of Encounters in the 16th and 17th centuries, saw Asia in the “New World," where Mexico could be India and North America could be part of China.

Amerasia: A Renaissance Discovery reveals many ways in which Europeans during the Age of Encounters saw Asia in the newly discovered lands of the Americas. We demonstrate that the association of America and Asia dominated the geographical imagination of Europe for over a century after 1492. By considering a plethora of texts, maps, objects, and images produced between 1450 and 1700, this study immerses the reader in a coherent if malleable vision of a world where Mexico really was India and North America was an extension of China. What does it mean, we ask, that Europe was coming into self-definition during the very period that it inhabited an Amerasian worldview? The resulting book and web portal will bring into view a dynamic model of the world and of Europe's place in it that was later suppressed by Eurocentric narratives. To rediscover this history is, we believe, a necessary part of coming to terms with the emergent polyfocal global reality of our own time.

Project fields:
European History; History, Criticism, and Theory of the Arts; Latin American History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$290,000 (approved)
$290,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2019


RZ-249870-16

University of Oregon (Eugene, OR 97403-5219)
Daniel Tichenor (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)

States of Immigration: The History, Culture, and Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion

Preparation for a book, state-specific reports, several articles, and conference and workshop papers on four states of immigration with very different and revealing traditions and policies: Arizona and New Mexico in the Southwest, and the Beltway States of Maryland and Virgina.

This proposed project, States of Immigration, will provide the first in-depth, comparative analysis of the distinctive history, culture, and governing regimes of specific states shaping immigrant inclusion and exclusion. Our study trains a spotlight on four states of immigration with very different and revealing traditions and policies: Arizona and New Mexico in the Southwest and the Beltway States of Maryland and Virgina. The new knowledge will allow us to understand when and why a state's response to immigration is inclusive or exclusive and how the reaction to immigration impacts the character and culture of the state more broadly. We offer new insights on how integration is shaped by not just who the immigrant is, but also where one settles and when one arrives.

Project fields:
American Government

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$200,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2018


RZ-249888-16

University of Virginia (Charlottesville, VA 22903-4833)
Stephen Railton (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Worthy Martin (Co Project Director: 02/02/2016 to present)

Implementing Digital Yoknapatawpha

Continued development of the website http://faulkner.iath.virginia.edu/ that will map Yoknapatawpha County, the fictional setting of novels by William Faulkner, with links to places, characters, and events in the novels, as a resource for scholars, teachers, and students.

Underway since 2011, Digital Yoknapatawpha is a collaboration of 35 Faulkner scholars from 34 colleges and universities with a highly experienced digital humanities team at the University of Virginia. During the 3-year grant period this team will: complete the analysis of every location, character and event in Faulkner’s Yoknapatawpha fictions—14 novels and 54 stories; enhance the project’s display and search capabilities; and publish its scholarly results online, in print and through conference presentations. As both resource and publication, the project will create transformative pathways into and yield new critical insights about one of the nation’s central imaginative accomplishments. Faulkner’s quest to create modern art out of American history, his long engagement with major social issues like slavery and race, and with challenging experimental forms of narrating time and space provide a perfect site for constructing new modes of scholarly interpretation.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
American Literature

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$286,000 (approved)
$286,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2019


RZ-249909-16

Georgia State University Research Foundation, Inc. (Atlanta, GA 30302-3999)
Andrew Cohen (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Jennifer Samp (Co Project Director: 02/02/2016 to present)

Reparative Justice and Moral Injury among Post-Deployment Soldiers

A multidisciplinary study of the impact of moral injury on members of the armed forces through structured focus groups guided by philosophical questions.

In this project, we draw together a multidisciplinary team of scholars and experts to investigate how the humanities can synthesize the lived experience of soldiers who have endured the discrepant experiences of moral injury. Humanists will collaborate with field investigators to explore core unresolved questions about how to understand and interpret moral injury. The results of this study will advance understandings of the normative significance of moral injury for relationships between armed forces members and their families, their communities, and the state.

Project fields:
Communications; Ethics; Religion, Other

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$180,000 (approved)
$180,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 6/30/2019


RZ-249951-16

University of California, Santa Barbara (Santa Barbara, CA 93106-0001)
Lisa Hajjar (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Mark LeVine (Co Project Director: 02/04/2016 to present)
Omar Al Dewachi (Co Project Director: 02/04/2016 to present)

Human Rights in the Arab World: Research, Advocacy and Public Policy

Preparation of a scholarly monograph, an annotated bibliography, articles, and policy papers, as well as the creation of a website, on human rights in the Arab World.

Human Rights in the Arab World will produce empirical research and comparative analysis about human rights in the region as a whole, and thus will contribute to the production of humanistic knowledge about human rights practice and discourse in ways that also will enhance future research, rights advocacy, and public policy. Our research incorporates an historical comparative view, but is particularly attentive to the relationship between human rights activism and the revolutionary upheavals – and in some contexts counter-revolutionary repression – since 2011 (i.e., the so-called "Arab Spring"). Our overarching goals are to probe the impact of struggles to promote and defend rights prior to and since these upheavals, to document and analyze the work of human rights organizations across the region, and to assess the degree to which human rights discourse informs public consciousness and political struggles for democratic change as well as accountability for gross violations.

Project fields:
International Relations; Law and Jurisprudence; Sociology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$200,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2018


RZ-249953-16

Bucknell University (Lewisburg, PA 17837-2005)
Catherine Fourshey (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Rhonda Gonzalez (Co Project Director: 02/04/2016 to present)
Christine Saidi (Co Project Director: 02/04/2016 to present)

Expressions and Transformations of Gender, Family, and Status in Eastern and Central Africa 500-1800 CE

Collection, analysis, digital mapping, and interpretation of historical linguistic data relating to 55 societies across Bantu-speaking Africa, and co-authoring a book about social life and gender roles in precolonial Africa.

This collaboration is centered on questions about lineage and gender as dimensions of authority, identity, belonging, and worldview historically. It builds on the esteemed work of colleagues who have undertaken historical studies of gender in Africa to interrogate epistemological assumptions. Words are a portal into how people lived in past societies. We study the history and meanings of words people spoke to understand what they did, produced, and valued. We will collect a new set of linguistic data focused on spheres related to the above inquiries for approximately 55 societies across Zambia, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Mozambique. Our aim is to produce a monograph examining how historically matrilineages underpinned the way communities determined organization, inheritance, and social authority. We leverage our prior individual work in Africa for a comparative trans-regional analysis and expand the geographic and linguistic scope.

Project fields:
African History; Gender Studies

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$200,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2019


RZ-249965-16

Davidson College (Davidson, NC 28036-9405)
Darian Totten (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)
Giovanni De Venuto (Co Project Director: 02/08/2016 to present)
Goffredo Roberto (Co Project Director: 08/10/2016 to present)

Life on the Lagoon: Reconstructing the Biography of Human-Landscape Dynamics on the Salpi Lagoon, Italy

Archaeological excavation and analysis of the transformation from the Roman to the medieval period at the environmentally precarious lagoon site of Salpi on the Adriatic in the Apulia region of southern Italy. See website at http://salapiaexplorationproject.com/

This project studies human-environment interaction in the landscapes of the Salpi Lagoon, on the Adriatic Coast of southern Italy. This ancient lagoon, resource-rich but environmentally precarious, provides an opportunity to explore topics of humanistic relevance: the historical transformation from the Roman to the medieval worlds and the role of human-environment interaction as part of economic, social and cultural processes within this change. The project includes an integrated plan of archaeological excavation at Roman Salapia/Medieval Salpi; field survey and remote sensing on the lagoon; geomorphology; and cartographic and textual analysis. These data are brought together into a multi-phase GIS map to track changes and continuities over time, building a landscape biography of the lagoon. Thus, the project contributes a compelling historical case of how people mastered natural resources, influenced their environments, and confronted the challenges posed by both.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology; Classics; Medieval Studies

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$200,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
6/1/2017 – 5/31/2020


RZ-249985-16

University of Virginia (Charlottesville, VA 22903-4833)
Donald DeBats (Project Director: 12/09/2015 to present)

Newly Discovered Voices from America's Most Turbulent Time: Black and White Oral Voting in the First Enfranchisement

Completion of an online database and digital resource, as well as research and writing of journal articles and book chapters, related to voting records and social networks in two Kentucky counties during the late 19th-century.

This project investigates individual voting behaviors, black and white, following the Civil War and black male enfranchisement. Two Kentucky counties with large African-American populations and contrasting economies and historical information are the focus. Only Kentucky continued oral or viva voce voting after black enfranchisement, creating in poll books a treasure trove of never before used individual political data. The project focuses on the context in which voting occurred, linking census, tax, and membership records (religious affiliation as possible) for all residents. One county is mapped at the individual level. The project follows black and white voters across multiple elections, revealing the political effects of network and neighborhood. Now we can understand why black voting continued, or did not, and appreciate both political courage and cross-racial alliances in which blacks and whites, fierce partisan opponents, cooperated in selecting local judicial and law-enforcement officials.

Project fields:
U.S. History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$280,000 (approved)
$280,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2016 – 9/30/2019


RZ-230366-15

University of Montana (Missoula, MT 59801-4494)
Anna Prentiss (Project Director: 12/05/2014 to present)

Household Archaeology at Bridge River, British Columbia: The Early Floors of Housepit 54

Excavation, analysis, and interpretation of a single dwelling with fifteen superimposed floors occupied from 300 A.D. over a period of 1,400 years in British Columbia and the preparation for publication of two books. (24 months)

The Bridge River Archaeological Project, a partnership of The University of Montana and the Bridge River Indian Band, will complete excavations of Housepit 54 at the Bridge River site in southern British Columbia. Housepit 54 is a deeply stratified housepit within a village of 80 such houses. This particular house offers the extraordinary opportunity to examine household history on an inter-generational basis spanning a period in which the greater village more than doubled in size, developed socio-economic inequality, suffered economic turmoil, and was eventually abandoned.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$142,271 (approved)
$142,271 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2016 – 4/30/2018


RZ-230425-15

Stanford University (Stanford, CA 94305-2004)
Gordon Chang (Project Director: 12/08/2014 to present)
Shelley Fishkin (Co Project Director: 01/22/2015 to present)

Chinese Railroad Workers in North America: A Conference

An international scholarly conference on Chinese Railroad Workers in North America, to take place in April 2016 at Stanford University. (12 months)

This grant is requested to hold the "Culminating Conference of the Chinese Railroad Workers in North America Project at Stanford University." Between 1865 and 1869, 10,000-15,000 Chinese migrants toiled at a grueling pace and in perilous working conditions to help construct America's first transcontinental railroad. The labor of these Chinese workers was pivotal to the development of the United States and to the founding of Stanford University. The Project seeks to recover and interpret the work of the Chinese railroad workers to remedy major historical neglect and lacunae in Chinese as well as U.S. history. The conference will be trans-national and multidisciplinary. Thirty scholars from North America and Asia will present original scholarship, based on four years of research. In addition, conference participants will take a three-day field trip to the Sierra high country to visit sites where Chinese railroad workers labored to build the railroad.

[Grant products][Media coverage][Prizes]

Project fields:
American Studies; Asian American Studies; U.S. History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$65,000 (approved)
$61,688 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2016 – 12/31/2016


RZ-230434-15

Texas Christian University (Fort Worth, TX 76129-0001)
Max Krochmal (Project Director: 12/08/2014 to present)
W. Marvin Dulaney (Co Project Director: 01/22/2015 to present)
J. Todd Moye (Co Project Director: 01/22/2015 to present)
Maggie Rivas Rodriguez (Co Project Director: 04/06/2016 to present)

Civil Rights in Black and Brown: Oral Histories of the Multiracial Freedom Struggle in Texas

The collection of 400 oral histories, the creation of a digital repository and website of videotaped interviews, and the writing and editing of a multi-authored book on civil rights movements in Texas. (36 months)

While most research on American race relations has utilized a binary analytical lens, examining either black vs. white or Anglo vs. Mexican, this project collects and interprets four hundred new oral history interviews with members of all three groups, simultaneously. Covering the period since the onset of the civil rights era, the interviews with African American, Mexican American, and white activists located in twelve sites throughout the large, diverse state of Texas will add new depth to the study of black/brown relations across the United States, past and present. The interviews will form the basis of a new, multi-authored book (with the look and feel of a scholarly monograph) that synthesizes and compares the black and brown freedom struggles in Texas from 1954 to the mid-1970s. Along the way, the project will also develop a free digital humanities website displaying video interview clips, each with its own metadata to allow for easy searching across the entire collection.

[Grant products][Media coverage]

Project fields:
African American History; Latino History; U.S. History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$200,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2015 – 9/30/2018


RZ-230461-15

University of Massachusetts, Boston (Boston, MA 02125-3300)
David Landon (Project Director: 12/09/2014 to present)

Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts: Archaeology and Geophysics

Excavation, analysis, and interpretation of new sites and existing artifacts in collections in connection with the original 17th-century settlement of Plymouth, Massachusetts. (36 months)

This project is for collaborative research focused on the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. It comprises three years of geophysical survey, pollen coring, archaeological excavation, and laboratory analysis focused on the original 17th-century settlement in downtown Plymouth and surrounding sites. This work will increase our understanding of the creation of the English colonial landscape, the environmental context and ecological consequences of colonization, and the interactions between Colonists and Native people. The Plymouth Colony will be the subject of intense public attention in the lead up to the 400th anniversary of the Colony in 2020. This NEH project will be the linchpin for building an academic understanding of the Plymouth settlement and portraying its importance to the broader public.

[Grant products][Media coverage]

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$200,000 (approved)
$195,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2016 – 12/31/2018


RZ-230484-15

Duke University (Durham, NC 27705-4677)
Andrew Janiak (Project Director: 12/09/2014 to present)
Marcy Lascano (Co Project Director: 01/07/2015 to present)

New Narratives in Philosophy: Rediscovering Neglected Works by Early Modern Women

Planning and hosting a four-day conference at Duke University in April 2016 on the works of three early modern women philosophers—Anne Conway, Margaret Cavendish, and Émilie du Châtelet—and the preparation of scholarly articles, a volume of essays, and materials for a website. (12 months)

This NEH collaborative research grant would fund a major international conference on the philosophical work of three neglected women from the early modern period: Anne Conway, Margaret Cavendish and Emilie du Châtelet. The conference has two specific goals: first, it will bring together thirty-five leading scholars working on the philosophy of these women; and second, it will involve an extensive pedagogical workshop to facilitate the development of new narratives in university courses incorporating the contributions of these neglected figures. To have the greatest possible impact on both teaching and research in the history of modern philosophy, we will employ a newly created website maintained at Duke University to disseminate the information generated at the conference.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
History of Philosophy

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$64,971 (approved)
$49,539 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2015 – 5/31/2016


RZ-230579-15

Emory University (Atlanta, GA 30322-1018)
Bonna Wescoat (Project Director: 12/09/2014 to present)

From the Vantage of the Victory: The Performative Heart of the Sanctuary of the Great Gods on Samothrace

Archaeological fieldwork and analysis at the Sanctuary of the Great Gods on the island of Samothrace (Greece); 3D modeling of the site; a scholarly symposium; and preparation of a co-authored book. (36 months)

The Victory, Nike, of Samothrace in the Louvre has long captured the imagination of the world, but it becomes all the more powerful when reunited with its spatial, material, historical, religious and aesthetic environment in the ancient Greek Sanctuary of the Great Gods on Samothrace. From the Nike's vantage over the performative heart of the Sanctuary, Theater, Stoa, and Altar Court, we reframe the archaeological investigation of this Hellenistic international religious center, grounding our exploration in the rich material record of the region, the dynamic environmental factors underlying it, and the human actions through which it was determined and experienced. Drawing on approaches to space, memory, and identity to investigate cultural interaction and community creation in this evocative place, whose rites were open to all and whose promises were famously valued, our work aims to provide a basis for engaging spatial and experimental issues at stake in understanding sacred places.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology; Art History and Criticism; Classical History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$290,500 (approved)
$290,500 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2016 – 12/31/2018


RZ-230604-15

University of California, Los Angeles (Los Angeles, CA 90095-9000)
John Papadopoulos (Project Director: 12/09/2014 to present)
Sarah Morris (Co Project Director: 01/21/2015 to present)
Manthos Bessios (Co Project Director: 01/22/2015 to present)

Ancient Methone: Early Greek Maritime Trade, Industry, and the Origins of the Greek Alphabet

Archaeological excavation and analysis at the harbor site of ancient Methone, northern Greece. (36 months)

Excavations at ancient Methone by the Greek Ministry of Culture in collaboration with UCLA have uncovered one of the most significant harbor sites of the north Aegean, occupied from the Final Neolithic era (ca. 4000 BCE) to the destruction of the site by Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great, in 354 BCE. Perched between the Aegean, inland Macedonia, and the Balkans, Methone served as a conduit for the movement of commodities, peoples, and ideas across a relatively large area of the Greek world, involving Mycenaeans, Euboians, Athenians, eastern and northern Greeks and indigenous tribes, as well as Phoenicians, in both prehistory and history. Significant remains include an early agora (marketplace) that lies above an Early Iron Age phase with an enormous deposit of artifacts, industrial debris, and--most importantly--the largest corpus of early Greek inscriptions on clay known from the Aegean, dating between ca. 750 and 650 BCE. Methone thus offers a unique opportunity to explore not only a large ancient harbor and industrial center, but also Greek connections with indigenous populations and others attracted to this large site that formed a middle ground between different cultures. During the protohistoric period, Methone played a major role in the origin and development of the Greek alphabet, contributing especially to the issue of its transmission from the Phoenician alphabet, a process with major cultural ramifications. The proposed project promises to illuminate these processes of cultural contact, the rise of urbanism, and the spread of literacy in the ancient world.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Interdisciplinary Studies, Other

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$286,337 (approved)
$286,337 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2015 – 9/30/2018


RZ-51658-14

University of California, San Diego (La Jolla, CA 92093-0013)
Robert Edelman (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
Christopher Young (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

The Global History of Sport in the Cold War

Three international scholarly workshops over a three-year period addressing the topic of politics and sport during the Cold War, as well as preparation of the resulting papers and associated materials for publication through two print volumes and an open-access website. (36 months)

Sport has long been linked with politics, but never more so than during the Cold War. In this highly precarious time, nations and peoples around the world used sport to promote their political, social, and economic development. The media promoted mega-events between capitalist and Communist athletes as surrogates for diplomatic and military tension. Yet, for all its obvious ideological freighting, sport in this period reflected a complex integration of commerce, celebrity, trans-regional and trans-national fan loyalties. It revealed different and shifting notions of race, class and gender (often within a single nation), and the uneasy mapping of sports and geopolitical allegiances could even make bitter rivals of strategic partners.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
History, General

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$64,216 (approved)
$64,216 (awarded)

Grant period:
9/1/2014 – 8/31/2017


RZ-51672-14

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale (Carbondale, IL 62901-4304)
Gretchen Dabbs (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
Anna Stevens (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

The North Tombs Cemeteries at Amarna, an Abandoned City of Ancient Egypt

Archaeological excavation and bioarchaeological analysis at the North Tombs Cemeteries (14th-century BCE) at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt. (36 months)

This proposal seeks funding for the excavation and analysis of the North Tombs Cemeteries at the New Kingdom Egyptian site of Amarna, capital city during Akhenaten's religious revolution. The goal of this project is to address the growing discord between the research outputs of bioarchaeologists who study human remains and of archaeologists who focus upon the material culture used and spaces inhabited by people in the past and offer a pioneering case study of social archaeology that places research on ancient material culture, urban space and human remains within a collective narrative that focuses on the greater elucidation of human experiences as they relate to personal life histories, the relationships between the body and person, the place of the individual in society, and the inhabited urban context.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Anthropology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$253,817 (approved)
$253,817 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 9/30/2018


RZ-51674-14

Wayne State University (Detroit, MI 48201-1347)
Krysta Ryzewski (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

Caribbean Colonial Interactions and Dynamic Island Communities: A Diachronic Archaeology of Montserrat, 1000-1730 AD

An archaeological survey and excavation on Montserrat, and preparation for publication of peer-reviewed articles and an illustrated book on the island's archaeological history. (36 months)

This proposal seeks NEH support for a three-year collaborative study focused on the archaeology of the Caribbean island of Montserrat during the period between ca.1000 and 1730 AD. Our objective is to understand the culture history and social dynamics of Montserratian communities during centuries spanning European arrival through a focus on three archaeological sites: Blake's Estate, Valentine Ghaut, and Thatch Valley. We will employ multiple archaeological, historical, and geophysical methods to achieve this objective. Our resulting data will allow us to consider how and why Montserrat's inhabitants maintained, negotiated, and adapted to circumstances of both immediate and incremental change during the period's processes of colonization.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$205,840 (approved)
$205,840 (awarded)

Grant period:
5/1/2015 – 4/30/2019


RZ-51699-14

University of Notre Dame (Notre Dame, IN 46556-4635)
Meredith Chesson (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
John Robb (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

The Political Logic of a Mediterranean Landscape: Southernmost Calabria from 6000 BC to the Present

Anthropological and archaeological fieldwork at Bova Marina in Calabria (Italy), analysis of samples, and preparation of a multi-author monograph. (36 months)

How have the human landscapes of the Mediterranean changed through the millenia? What is the historical fact behind the stereotypical images of the "traditional" Italian countryside? This project traces dramatic historical changes over the last 8,000 years in how humans have settled the landscape of rural Calabria, a rugged territory at the tip of the Italian peninsula. Inaccessible hilltop towns, isolated farmsteads, coastal villas, brigand camps, shifting hamlets: Neolithic and Bronze Age people, Greeks, Romans, and medieval people all chose very different, and sometimes to us completely counter-intuitive ways of occupying this challenging and marginal landscape. In bringing to publication almost twenty years of achaeological and historical research, this project shows how historical landscapes integrate ecologies, political order, and the everyday strategies people use to get by, create self-sufficiency and resilience, and protect their political autonomy.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Anthropology; Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$222,273 (approved)
$222,273 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 9/30/2018


RZ-51714-14

New York University (New York, NY 10012-1019)
Faye Ginsburg (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
Rayna Rapp (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

Cognitive Disability in 21st-Century America

Completion of a manuscript and related web site evaluating the impact of the increasing integration into American culture of people with cognitive disabilities on notions of personhood. (24 months)

Our project addresses the relationship between cultural innovation and disability across an array of domains, revealing the complex transformation that the changing status of disability brings to American life in the 21st Century. We focus on cognitive disabilities, ranging from dyslexia to Down Syndrome to autism, as categories of human difference that have been especially difficult to integrate into American notions of personhood, given their historically stigmatized status. We place our work into conversation with humanities scholars in disability studies where "the new normal" is subject to considerable attention from philosophical, historical, first person, and literary/cultural studies perspectives. As anthropologists with different areas of expertise, we add to this literature our research grounded in ethnography: we bring fine-grained attention to and interpretation of the practices of everyday experience through which new narratives of disability are emerging.

Project fields:
Biological Anthropology; Cultural Anthropology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$100,000 (approved)
$100,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
9/1/2014 – 8/31/2015


RZ-51724-14

Princeton University (Princeton, NJ 08540-5228)
Marina Rustow (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

The Cairo Geniza as a Source for the History of Institutions and Documentary Practices in the Medieval Middle East

Analysis and translation into English of one to two hundred medieval Jewish and Islamic legal and administrative documents from the Cairo Geniza, in preparation for open-access digital publication; also preparation for print publication of a multi-author handbook on these documents and the institutions that created them. (36 months)

This collaboration proposes to remedy our lack of knowledge of Middle Eastern institutions by comparing original Jewish and Islamic legal and administrative documents from Egypt and Syria, ca. 950 to 1250 CE, from the repository of worn texts known as the Cairo Geniza. The project aims to render these documents legible as historical sources by reconstructing the habits of the scribes who wrote them and the procedures of the institutions they served, especially courts of law and government offices. By first establishing a rigorous set of diplomatic typologies, we hope to explain points of convergence and divergence between Jewish and Islamic scribal and institutional practices, and, in turn, to shed light on the history of premodern Middle Eastern institutions. Our results will appear in a multi-authored print handbook and an existing open-access website, the Princeton Geniza Project. This will be the first website to make such documents available to the public in English translation.

Project fields:
Jewish Studies; Medieval History; Near and Middle Eastern History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$300,000 (approved)
$300,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
9/1/2014 – 9/30/2017


RZ-51748-14

Brown University (Providence, RI 02912-0001)
Nathaniel VanValkenburgh (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

Imperial Spaces: Forced Resettlement, Diet and Daily Life at Carrizales, Peru

Archaeological survey and excavation at two sites in Peru's Zaña valley, historical research in Peru and Spain for preparation for scholarly monographs, and a public interactive website. (30 months)

This proposal seeks funding to support archaeological and historical research on Spanish colonial forced resettlement (reducción) in Peru's lower Zaña valley -- specifically, through archaeological excavations and artifact analysis at two sites (Carrizales and Conjunto 125), as well as archival research in Peru and Spain. In particular, through the study of domestic space and foodways at Carrizales and Conjunto 125, we seek to understand how this Early modern social engineering project took shape in quotidian spaces and how indigenous communities adapted to the challenges of life in new settlements, under a new political-economic regime. Our proposed research incorporates two months of additional archaeological excavations, extensive archival research and artifact analysis, and the publication and presentation of results to both public and scholarly audiences, through digital and printed media.

Project fields:
Archaeology; Latin American History; Latin American Studies

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$145,888 (approved)
$145,888 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 3/31/2018


RZ-51757-14

Columbia University (New York, NY 10027-7922)
Amy Fairchild (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
Constance Nathanson (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

Outbreak Anxieties: The Contingent Politics of Panic and Crisis in America

The writing of a book and several articles analyzing the history of American responses to perceived panics and crises relating to public health. (36 months)

Panic and crises—different sides of the same coin, labels applied to perceived threats to order—are leitmotifs that run throughout the history of medicine and public health. Remarkably, there is no history that interrogates disease-related panics either from the perspective of social history or the history of ideas. Likewise, there has been no sustained attention to crisis as a routine and historically recurrent, even necessary, catalyst for public health institution building. We consider crisis and disease-related panic in the context of four critical paradigm shifts that historians of international history and public health have used as analytic frames. Our approach draws on the conceptual strengths of sociology to frame the roles and meanings of panic and crisis and pair it with the power of history to locate events in context in a thickly descriptive fashion, uniquely positioning us to examine the politics of crisis and panic not in static, predictive terms but rather as historical

Project fields:
History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Medicine; History of Science; U.S. History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$299,590 (approved)
$299,590 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 9/30/2017


RZ-51759-14

Columbia University (New York, NY 10027-7922)
Kavita Sivaramakrishnan (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
David Jones (Co Project Director: 09/18/2014 to present)

Relocating Heart Disease in the Tropics: Race, Risk, and Modernization in Post-Independence India

Research culminating in the writing of a book and several articles examining the history of medical responses to heart disease in India. (36 months)

This project explores how heart disease came to be seen as a problem in India in the decades after its independence in 1947 by situating it within the politics of decolonization and the interactions between international and national experts as they shaped a new, global profession. It explores a unique paradox, of burgeoning interest in heart disease and cardiac technology in the 1940 and 1950s at a time when India's overwhelming epidemiological burden still stemmed from infectious diseases and malnutrition. Our research will reveal: (1) how and why cardiology and cardiac surgery first gained footholds at medical institutions in India; (2) how the two specialties were then taken up as an important component of India's national health agenda; (3) how international networks of medical training and exchange fostered these developments amid the complexity of Cold War politics; and (4) the consequences of this history for patients and physicians who grapple with heart disease in India.

Project fields:
History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Medicine; History of Science; South Asian History

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$286,712 (approved)
$286,712 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 9/30/2018


RZ-51768-14

California State University, Northridge, University Corporation (Northridge, CA 91330-8316)
Owen Doonan (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)

Origins and Development of the Black Sea Colonial System: Excavations in the Early Greek Colony of Sinope, Turkey

Archaeological excavation and analysis at the Black Sea port of Sinop, Turkey. (36 months)

The Sinop Regional Archaeological Project will carry out three seasons of excavation and restoration in the heart of the ancient city of Sinope (modern Sinop), the most strategic port in the Black Sea region from the early first millennium BCE until the Crimean war. The site preserves a unique pre-colonial to early colonial sequence in one of earliest and likely best-preserved early Ionian colony sites in the Black Sea (Pontic) region. The purpose of these three seasons of excavation is to test the proposition that a highly developed system of trans-Pontic interaction was active before the arrival of the Ionian colonists in the seventh century BCE by stratigraphic excavation of a pre-colonial Iron Age settlement featuring intrusive North Pontic ceramics and architecture at the site of the early colony of Sinope. The excavation is designed to integrate with the systematic archaeological survey carried out by our team in the hinterland of Sinope from 1996-2000 and 2010-12.

Project fields:
Archaeology; Classical History; Classics

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$275,000 (approved)
$275,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2015 – 12/31/2018


RZ-51769-14

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (Urbana, IL 61801-3620)
Timothy Pauketat (Project Director: 01/13/2014 to 08/01/2015)
Susan Alt (Co Project Director: 01/13/2014 to present)
Thomas Emerson (Project Director: 08/01/2015 to 08/01/2016)
Timothy Pauketat (Project Director: 08/01/2016 to present)

Cahokia’s Richland Farmers: Agricultural Expansion, Immigration, Ritual and the Foundations of Mississippian Civilization

Laboratory testing and interpretive analysis of artifacts collected at the Cahokian Richland Complex in Collinsville, Illinois, and for the preparation for publication of monographs, an article, an edited volume, and an online website exhibit. (36 months)

A team of researchers requests funding to complete the analysis of, write descriptive syntheses on, and enhance public and researcher access to the architecture and materials of four related 950-year-old settlements that hold the key to the rise of pre-Columbian North America’s one true city: Cahokia. Cahokia’s dramatic mid-11th century AD construction as a monumental capital, built by a diverse, rapidly urbanizing population of immigrants and locals, is a model for the rise of early civilizations everywhere. By isolating the region’s discrete subpopulations and tracking their activities around AD 1050, this proposal will result, for the first time, in a historically detailed understanding of how new agrarian relationships linked farming and farmers with other forces of the world in ways that underwrote Cahokia’s urbanism. Understanding how has a direct bearing on questions of global sustainability into the foreseeable future.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Archaeology

Program:
Collaborative Research

Division:
Research Programs

Total amounts:
$303,545 (approved)
$303,545 (awarded)

Grant period:
10/1/2014 – 9/30/2018