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Participant name: Gauvin Bailey
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FEL-262181-19

Gauvin Alexander Bailey
Queen's University (Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 Canada)
Architecture and Urbanism in the French Empire in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, 1643-1830

Research leading to publication of a book and open access website about French colonial architecture and urbanism in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from 1643 to 1830.

This project will be the first comprehensive study of the architecture and urbanism of the early Modern French Empire in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the first foundation in Madagascar in 1643 to the end of the Bourbon Restoration in 1830. By examining and comparing French architecture and urbanism in India, Madagascar, and the Mascarene Islands, and the French missionary and commercial centres in modern Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam, this project (1) will challenge the common misconception that early Modern French architecture in the Indian and Pacific Ocean region was simply equivalent to that of other European powers in Asia; (2) demonstrate that French architectural activities in the oceanic Eastern and Western hemispheres were closely interrelated, even if different in many ways; and (3) show how early Modern French colonial architecture anticipated aspects of the built environment of France’s Modern empire.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Architecture; Art History and Criticism; East Asian History

Program:
Fellowships

Division:
Research Programs

Totals:
$30,000 (approved)
$30,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2019 – 6/30/2019


FA-58144-15

Gauvin Alexander Bailey
Queen's University (Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 Canada)
Art and Architecture in the French Atlantic World, 1608-1828

Although the arts and architecture of Latin America today comprise one of the most flourishing subjects in the discipline the same cannot be said for those of the French Atlantic Empire, which astonishingly--except for regional scholarship on Quebec and Louisiana--does not exist as a field. The proposed book project aims to do two things for the first time: (1) to amalgamate all regions of the French Atlantic Empire into a single study; and (2) to contextualize the arts of French America with Latin America, examining how differing ideologies led to contrasting architectural and visual cultures despite shared histories of conquest, conversion, and forced labor. The study will encompass North America, the Antilles, Guyana, and Senegal, and will consider topics such as the French Royal engineers, missionaries, and the art workshops of the Ursuline nuns. This study will interest not only art historians, but also anthropologists, and historians of religion, among other humanities fields.

[Grant products][Prizes]

Project fields:
Anthropology; Art History and Criticism; European History

Program:
Fellowships for University Teachers

Division:
Research Programs

Totals:
$33,600 (approved)
$33,600 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2015 – 8/31/2015


FB-51557-05

Gauvin Alexander Bailey
Clark University (Worcester, MA 01610-1477)
Andean Symbolism in the Mestizo Style Architecture of Highland Peru and Bolivia, 1670-1770

This book project reconsiders the carved architectural decoration of the Baroque architecture of Southern Peru and Bolivia, known as the "Mestizo" style owing to its blending of Andean and European Baroque motifs, symbols, and styles. Scholars have seen the "Mestizo" style either as a continuation of pre-Hispanic culture or as a romantic resurrection of the past by a largely Europeanized society. In contrast, this study will show that while contemporary social concerns inspired this return to indigenous symbolism—both on the part of indigenous groups and their colonial overlords—the Mestizo style is also a genuine expression of a visual culture that derived from pre-Hispanic roots but developed, changed, and flourished in the colonial era.

[Grant products]

Project fields:
Art History and Criticism

Program:
Fellowships for College Teachers and Independent Scholars

Division:
Research Programs

Totals:
$24,000 (approved)
$24,000 (awarded)

Grant period:
1/1/2005 – 8/31/2005