Grant products: Script (38)
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Conference Transcript
Grant details: MB-50098-10
Title: Conference Transcript
Writer: CSPC
Abstract: Civility Conference Transcript
Year: 2011
Primary URL: http://www.thepresidency.org/what-we-do/current-programs/civility-and-the-american-experience


Kill the Rabbits: A Stage Adaptation
Grant details: BC-50565-10
Title: Kill the Rabbits: A Stage Adaptation
Writer: Tiphanie Yanique
Director: David Edgecombe
Producer: V.I. Humanities Council
Abstract: It is the night of Easter Sunday. I’ve already been to chapel and received God on my tongue. I sit in the cell with my lights off. Everyone’s light is off. I wait for the man with the cross to begin his walk. He’s been doing it once a year for the whole 12 years I’ve been in here. Carnival is coming in a few weeks. During Carnival I can hear all the music and try hard to get a glimpse of Xica.
Year: 2011


Do Lord Remember Me - 10 min. excerpt
Grant details: BC-50565-10
Title: Do Lord Remember Me - 10 min. excerpt
Writer: James de Jongh
Director: David Edgecombe
Producer: V.I. Humanities Council
Abstract: “Firsthand memories of former slaves, recorded in the late 1930’s under the Federal Writer’s Project, form the basis [of this] moving evocation of shared servitude”
Year: 2011


Shared Stories: A Pilot Play
Grant details: GE-50536-11
Title: Shared Stories: A Pilot Play
Writer: Linda Daugherty
Director: Nancy Schaeffer
Producer: The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza
Abstract: Shared Stories, a play inspired by The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza's oral history collection, follows Angela and D.J. as they investigate a mysterious old document while listening to memories of individuals who lived through the day that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. In the process of searching for answers, Angela and D.J. fall under the spell of the powerful voices and images from the past, and ultimately, discover the value in every story.
Year: 2012


American Reds: The Failed Revolution
Grant details: TD-50460-12
Title: American Reds: The Failed Revolution
Writer: Richard Wormser
Director: Richard Wormser
Producer: Richard Wormser and Bill Jersey
Abstract: "American Reds: the Failed Revolution" is the first comprehensive documentary to examine the Communist Party USA between its rise to become the foremost radical group in America during the Great Depression and its fall during the Cold War. Its influence extended far beyond its numbers because of its opposition to racism, exploitation of workers, fascism and injustice. The program is unique because it draws upon interviews videotaped with members, former members and sympathizers in the 1980s. Television audiences will learn how and why communist ideology fostered such passionate devotion and generated such intense hostility; why communism was at the center of so many national debates and ultimately how this past struggle illuminates the way Americans today perceive fundamental issues such as free speech, national security, ideology, government social programs and civil rights.
Year: 2012


Geographies of Kinship - The Korean Adoption Story
Grant details: TW-50135-11
Title: Geographies of Kinship - The Korean Adoption Story
Writer: Deann Borshay Liem and Laurie Coyle
Director: Deann Borshay Liem
Producer: Deann Borshay Liem
Abstract: Geographies of Kinship-The Korean Adoption Story is a 90-minute documentary that will explore the history of transnational adoptions of Korean children from the 1950s to the present, the role these adoptions played in the transformation of Korean postwar society, and the impact they have had on the ongoing evolution of family formation in the West. Interweaving elements of historical narrative, contemporary scholarship and character-driven stories, Geographies of Kinship will examine the complex interplay of geopolitics, transracial adoption, and cross-cultural kinship in our increasingly globalized world.
Year: 2013
Primary URL Description: The script has been uploaded as an appendix to the final performance report dated 8/28/13.


Les Voyageurs Sans Trace (Voyagers Without Trace) Script
Grant details: TD-50564-13
Title: Les Voyageurs Sans Trace (Voyagers Without Trace) Script
Writer: Ian McCluskey
Director: Ian McCluskey
Producer: NW Documentary
Abstract: In 1938, three young Parisians arrived in the American West with kayaks, cameras, and beer. They had a bold, even foolhardy plan: be the first to take kayaks down the wild Green and Colorado rivers. They recorded their journey, creating the first adventure film shot in vivid color. But the reels go unseen for 75 years, until filmmaker Ian McCluskey spots a photo of the trio on a roadside marker. His curiosity sends him on a historical treasure hunt, learning to paddle the same waters and searching for clues. What led an explorer, his new bride, and his best friend halfway around the world on the eve of World War II? What secrets do flooded canyons and a weathered journal still hold? Ian traces the trio's wake back to Europe, uncovering unexpected connections to the French Resistance, the advent of the French Riviera, and the possibilities that free- spirited risk-taking offers to all.
Year: 2014
Primary URL: http://www.frenchkayakfilm.com/?attachment_id=1323
Primary URL Description: Official website for the documentary film, Les Voyageurs Sans Trace (Voyagers Without Trace). Includes: synopsis, trailer, photos, supporters, and blog.
Secondary URL: http://nwdocumentary.org
Secondary URL Description: Official website of NW Documentary, a 501c3 arts organization with a mission to create original documentaries of historic significance and artistic excellence, and to teach others to do the same.


Production Script, Modernism Inc.
Grant details: TD-250065-16
Title: Production Script, Modernism Inc.
Writer: Jason Cohn
Director: Jason Cohn
Producer: Jason Cohn
Abstract: Modernism, Inc. is a one-hour documentary intended for public television and other outlets that tells the story of Eliot Noyes, the iconic midcentury architect and designer who built the design programs for some of America’s most powerful postwar corporations. The film weaves Noyes’ story with the broader context of corporate America’s fulsome embrace of modernism during the period of postwar economic expansion and culminates in the under-documented backlash against Noyes and his generation of modernists during the countercultural upheaval of the Vietnam era. The life and work of Eliot Noyes in our telling is a vehicle to explore the much larger story of the intersection of postwar business, technology and design, a story that continues to resonate in the contemporary context.
Year: 2018


Datasets for the Philadelphia Playbills Project
Grant details: HAA-255999-17
Title: Datasets for the Philadelphia Playbills Project
Writer: Laura Aydelote
Director: Laura Aydelotte
Producer: Laura Aydelotte
Producer: George Gordon
Abstract: Two Linked Open Data sets in json-ld format available on GitHub. One was produced from the structured transcriptions of the sample set of 700 Philadelphia Playbills. The other is data for the digital images in the Furness Theatrical Image Collection at Penn Libraries.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: https://github.com/upenn-libraries/playbills


Marian Anderson: The Whole World in Her Hands
Grant details: TD-261142-18
Title: Marian Anderson: The Whole World in Her Hands
Writer: Rita Coburn and Philip Gittelman
Director: RIta Coburn
Producer: Philip Gittelman
Abstract: A script of a documentary film about the life and legacy of the extraordinary singer Marian Anderson (1897-1993), who overcame great obstacles to be a leading international musician, and a symbol for the civil rights movement in the United States.
Year: 2019


Unladylike2020: The Changemakers [show prizes]
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: The Changemakers
Title: Script for Unladylike2020: The Changemakers
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Timed with the 2020 women’s suffrage centennial, American Masters – Unladylike2020: The Changemakers takes a look at women whose courage and tenacity 100 years ago shaped the political life and future of this nation. Their accomplishments were instrumental in accomplishing voting rights for women -- but also in improving the quality of life for all citizens. This hour-long PBS American Masters animated documentary film will present profiles of five little-known women trailblazers who were active in government, civil rights, and citizenship rights, behaving in ways that placed them outside the mainstream of expected behaviors for ‘ladies’ at the turn of the 20th century. They include: Martha Hughes Cannon, the country's first female state senator; Jovita Idar, a journalist, and president of one of the first Mexican American women's civil rights organizations; Jeannette Rankin, the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress; Mary Church Terrell, a leader in the anti-lynching movement and a founder of the NAACP; and Zitkála-Šá, aka Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, who lobbied for U.S. citizenship, voting rights and sovereignty for American Indians a century ago.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/unladylike-2020-about/12360/
Primary URL Description: PBS/American Masters link to Unladylike2020 broadcast hour: The Changemakers, now behind the PBS Passport firewall.
Secondary URL: https://vimeo.com/424234822
Secondary URL Description: https://vimeo.com/424234822 password: UNLADYLIKE2020 Password-protected link to Unladylike2020 broadcast hour: The Changemakers.


Unladylike2020: Bessie Coleman [show prizes]
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Bessie Coleman
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Bessie Coleman (1892-1926), the daughter of sharecroppers of African American and Cherokee descent in rural Texas, spent her childhood picking cotton. In 1915, she moved to Chicago as part of the Great Migration of African Americans to escape racial terror and find greater job opportunities in the North. After working as a manicurist in a barber shop, she made up her mind to become an aviator. Coleman was rejected from entering every aviation school in the U.S. for being Black and for being a woman. Refusing to take no for an answer, she traveled to France to train as a pilot, and in 1921 became the first African American to obtain an international license to fly. When she returned to the U.S., Coleman became a media sensation with her daredevil performances, and was hailed as “Queen Bess” and “the world’s greatest woman flier.” Throughout her brief career, Coleman refused to perform in airshows where audiences were segregated. Interviewees: Madeline McCray, playwright, actor, and author of Bessie Coleman: A Dream to Fly; U.S. Air Force Colonel and the first and only black woman to pilot the U-2 plane, Merryl Tengesdal.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/bessie-coleman/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video about Bessie Coleman.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/bessie-coleman-unladylike2020-ixq4iz/13685/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video about Bessie Coleman.


Unladylike2020: Grace Abbott [show prizes]
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Grace Abbott
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Grace Abbott (1878-1939) was born in Grand Island, Nebraska to activist parents who worked for the Underground Railroad and the women’s suffrage movement in the Midwest. After attending the University of Nebraska, Abbott and her sister Edith moved to Chicago to become residents of Hull House, a settlement house founded in 1889 by social reformer Jane Addams. Living side by side with poor immigrant residents of the community, Abbott became an influential advocate for immigrant rights, and served as director of the Immigrants’ Protective League. As chief of the U.S. Children’s Bureau in the Department of Labor from 1921 to 1934, Abbot was the highest ranked woman in the U.S. government, where she led the fight to end child labor, which was common in factories and mills, and introduced groundbreaking programs for maternal and infant care. She helped draft America's Social Security Act in 1935, which created the Social Security program as well as federal protections against unemployment. From 1934-39, she was editor of The Social Service Review, and a professor of public welfare at the University of Chicago’s School of Social Service Administration. Interviewees: scholar John Sorensen, Director of the Abbott Sisters Project and editor of A Sister's Memories: The Life and Work of Grace Abbott from the Writings of Her Sister, Edith Abbott; Cristina Jiménez, immigrant rights activist, Co-Founder and former Executive Director of United We Dream.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/grace-abbott/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Grace Abbott.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/grace-abbott-social-work-pioneer-xphseo/13763/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Grace Abbott.


Unladylike2020: Maggie Lena Walker [show prizes]
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Maggie Lena Walker
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Maggie Lena Walker (1864-1934), born in Richmond, VA in the final years of the Civil War, became the first African American female bank president in the United States when she founded the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in 1903. At a time when white-owned banks did not accept deposits from Black customers, Walker not only grew her bank, but expanded the economic base of the African American community in Richmond by hiring and training Black women workers, and financing over 600 mortgages for Black families by 1920. Walker also founded a newspaper where she served as its managing editor, and opened a department store tailored to African American customers. A civil rights activist, she organized the first Richmond branch of the NAACP and served as its vice president and board member, led a city-wide boycott against segregated streetcars over 50 years before the Montgomery bus boycott, and promoted women’s suffrage and voter registration drives. Interviewees: biographer Muriel Miller Branch, co-author of Pennies to Dollars: The Story of Maggie Lena Walker and former president of the Maggie L. Walker Historical Foundation; Walker’s great-great- granddaughter Eliza Walker Mickens; wealth justice activist Chloe McKenzie, CEO of BlackFem and On a Wealth Kick.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/maggie-lena-walker/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Maggie Lena Walker.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/civil-right-activist-maggie-lena-walker-75lx9t/13814/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Maggie Lena Walker.


Unladylike2020: Lillian Gilbreth
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Lillian Gilbreth
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972), one of the first female industrial engineers, worked with her husband Frank to invent ‘time and motion study,’ analyzing ways to make industrial processes, office tasks, and housework more efficient, reduce human error, and enhance the safety and satisfaction of workers. After Frank died, Gilbreth reinvented her career as a solo consultant, and became the first female engineering professor at Purdue University. Among other inventions, she transformed the design of kitchens and numerous kitchen appliances. In 1965, Gilbreth was the first woman elected to the National Academy of Engineering. She was also a proponent of eugenics, an ideology supporting the racial dominance of white Anglo-Saxon Protestants in the U.S. population. Gilbreth and her husband raised 12 children -- immortalized in the 1948 fictionalized memoir “Cheaper By The Dozen” -- believing that white educated families should reproduce to keep America ‘pure.’ Interviewees: historian and biographer Julie Des Jardins, professor of history at Baruch College and author of Lillian Gilbreth: Redefining Domesticity; engineer Lisa Seacat DeLuca, IBM’s most prolific female inventor; Evelynn Hammonds, professor of the History of Science at Harvard University.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/lillian-gilbreth/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Lillian Gilbreth.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/pioneering-inventor-lillian-gilbreth-e8ylkg/13862/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Lillian Gilbreth.


Unladylike2020: Ynés Mexía [show prizes]
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Ynés Mexía
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Ynés Mexía (1870-1938) began her scientific career late in life. The U.S. born-Mexican American joined the Sierra Club and the budding environmental movement in San Francisco in the 1910s. At age 51 she enrolled at the University of California, Berkeley, where she discovered her interest in botany. She subsequently led expeditions across Mexico, Central America, and South America, becoming one of the most accomplished plant collectors of her time. She spent two-and-half years traveling some 3,000 miles along the Amazon River from its delta to its source in the Andes Mountains. In a 13-year career as a specimen collector for botanical institutions around the U.S, she discovered over 500 new species of plants, of which 50 are named in her honor. Interviewees: biographer Durlynn Anema, author of The Perfect Specimen: The 20th Century Renown Botanist Ynes Mexia; ethnobotanist Ina Vandebroek, Associate Curator and Caribbean Program Director for the New York Botanical Garden.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/ynes-mexia/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Ynés Mexía.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/ynes-mexia-accomplished-latina-botanist-k6bggm/13948/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Ynés Mexía.


Unladylike2020: Anna May Wong
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Anna May Wong
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Anna May Wong (1905-1961), born in Los Angeles to second generation Chinese Americans, was the first Asian American female movie star. Her long and varied career spanned silent and sound film, stage, radio, and television, in an era when Chinese protagonists in Hollywood movies were typically performed by white actors in yellow face. The first woman to buck this trend, Wong starred in classics such as The Toll of the Sea (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924), and Shanghai Express (1932). Wong left Hollywood for Europe in the late 1920s, frustrated by the stereotypical roles in which she was often typecast -- as either a victim known as a ‘Madam Butterfly’ or as a ‘dragon lady’ victimizer. Her career was also limited by American anti-miscegenation laws, which prevented her from sharing an on-screen kiss with any person of another race. Interviewees: historian Shirley Jennifer Lim, Associate Professor of History at SUNY Stony Brook and author of Anna May Wong: Performing the Modern; actor and Tony Award-Winning producer Jenna Ushkowitz, best known for her role as Tina Cohen-Chang in “Glee.”
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/anna-may-wong/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Anna May Wong.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/anna-may-wong-first-asian-american-movie-star-bfnigk/13978/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Anna May Wong.


Unladylike2020: Meta Warrick Fuller
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Meta Warrick Fuller
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller (1877-1968), born to a Black middle class family in Philadelphia, attended the Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Arts in 1897, and moved to Paris in 1899 to study sculpture for three years. There, she met French sculptor Auguste Rodin who was impressed by her powerful work, and she became known as the “sculptor of horrors” for her dark, expressive artistic renderings. When she returned to the U.S., Warrick was commissioned by W.E.B. DuBois to create art for world fairs, which would represent African American history and contributions to the country. Despite opposition from her husband and ostracism from the U.S. art scene, Fuller created revolutionary sculptures throughout the 1910s and 1920s that elevated the African American experience as a subject worthy of depiction in art. Anticipating themes of the Harlem Renaissance, her work sought to celebrate African heritage and African American cultural identity. Late in her career, in the 1960s, she wrote poetry and created sculptural tributes to the civil rights movement. Interviewees: historian Renée Ater, Associate Professor Emerita, American Art, The University of Maryland and author of Remaking Race and History: The Sculpture of Meta Warrick Fuller; and sculptor Alison Saar, whose artwork focuses on the African diaspora and Black female identity.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/meta-warrick-fuller/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Meta Warrick Fuller.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-was-trailblazing-african-american-sculptor-s2wd1i/14031/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Meta Warrick Fuller.


Unladylike2020: Louise Arner Boyd
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Louise Arner Boyd
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Louise Arner Boyd (1887-1972), born in San Rafael, CA, was the first American woman to lead Arctic expeditions in the 1920’s and 30’s. As a self-taught polar scientist and photographer, she mapped previously uncharted regions of Greenland using photometry, filmed and photographed topography, sea ice, glacial features, and land formations, measured ocean depths, and collected plant specimens. A fjord in East Greenland was named “Louise Boyd Land” in her honor, and her photographs of glaciers provide critical information to climate change researchers today. In 1938, Boyd was awarded the Cullum Medal from the American Geographical Society, and in 1955 became the first woman to fly over the North Pole in a plane that she chartered. Interviewees: biographer Durlynn Anema, author of Taming the Arctic: The 20th Century Renown Arctic Explorer Louise Arner Boyd; Lorie Karnath, founder of the Explorer’s Museum and former president of the Explorer’s Club; climate change scientist Twila Moon, researcher at the National Snow & Ice Data Center.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/louise-arner-boyd/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Louise Arner Boyd.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/louise-arner-boyd-first-woman-lead-arctic-expeditions-wetprz/14106/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Louise Arner Boyd.


Unladylike2020: Lois Weber
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Lois Weber
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Lois Weber (1879-1939), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, began her career in entertainment touring the U.S. as a singer and concert pianist, after working with the Church Army, ministering to prostitutes and prisoners. In 1908, she was hired by American Gaumont, where she first acted in, and later directed, silent films at a studio in Flushing, New York. Weber wrote film scripts, designed sets and costumes, developed negatives, and edited films. In collaboration with her first husband, actor Phillips Smalley, Weber was one of the first film directors to experiment with sound, and was the first American woman to direct a full-length feature film, The Merchant of Venice, in 1913. In 1917, she became one of the first women to own her own film studio, and the first and only female member of the Motion Pictures Directors Association. Infused with the conviction that film could change culture, she directed over 135 films about controversial subject matters such as capital punishment, police violence, birth control, and poverty. Interviewees: biographer Shelley Stamp, Assistant Professor of Film and Digital Media at the University of California-Santa Cruz and author of Lois Weber in Early Hollywood; and playwright and director Radha Blank, who won the 2020 Best Directing Award at the Sundance Film Festival.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/lois-weber/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Lois Weber.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-was-first-woman-direct-feature-length-film-nl5qxb/14116/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Lois Weber.


Unladylike2020: Williamina Fleming
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Williamina Fleming
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Williamina Fleming (1857-1911) emigrated to Boston from Scotland in 1878 at age 21. Abandoned by her husband soon after they arrived in the United States, Fleming supported herself as a single mother by doing domestic work in the residence of the Harvard College Observatory. Director Edward Pickering, impressed by her intellect, soon employed her as a ‘human computer’ to calculate and classify the brightness and position of stars. In 1899, Fleming was appointed the Observatory’s Curator of Astronomical Photographs, making her the first woman ever to hold a title at Harvard University. In this role, she supervised a team of a dozen other women computers, and advocated for their equal pay. In the course of her career, Fleming discovered 10 novae, over 300 variable stars, and 59 gaseous nebulae, including the iconic Horsehead Nebula in the constellation Orion. She also identified hot Earth-sized stars, later named white dwarfs. One of her most enduring contributions to astronomy was the classification of over 10,000 stars based on their spectra, and the creation of a new astronomical classification system along with Pickering, the Pickering-Fleming System, which supplanted earlier models. Interviewees: science writer Dava Sobel, author of The Glass Universe: How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars; astronomer Wendy Freedman, Professor in Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago, best known for her measurement of the Hubble constant.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/williamina-fleming/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Williamina Fleming.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/astronomer-discovered-over-300-stars-during-her-career-fakfg/14215/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Williamina Fleming.


Unladylike2020: Tye Leung Schulze
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Tye Leung Schulze
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Tye Leung Schulze (1887-1972), the youngest daughter of low-income immigrants from China, was forced into domestic servitude at age nine, and escaped an arranged marriage at age 12. She began her career translating for victims of human trafficking in San Francisco’s Chinatown working for Donaldina Cameron’s Presbyterian Mission Home. In 1910, Leung Schulze became the first Chinese American woman to work for the federal government, as assistant matron and an interpreter at the Angel Island Immigration Station, a detention center designed to control the flow of Asian immigrants into the U.S. under the Chinese Exclusion Act. While there, she fell in love with a white immigration inspector, Charles Schulze, and married him against both their parents' wishes and California's anti-miscegenation laws. In 1912, the year after California granted women the right to vote, Leung Schulze became the first Chinese American woman to vote in a U.S. election. Interviewees: Julia Flynn Siler, author of The White Devil’s Daughters: The Women Who Fought Slavery; Ted Schulze, grandson of Tye Leung Schulze; Judge Toko Serita, New York Acting Supreme Court Justice who presides over the Queens Human Trafficking Intervention Court and the Queens County Criminal Court.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/tye-leung-schulze/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Tye Leung Schulze.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-was-first-chinese-american-woman-vote-a573kk/14273/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Tye Leung Schulze.


Unladylike2020: Rose Schneiderman
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Rose Schneiderman
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Rose Schneiderman (1882-1972), a Jewish immigrant from Poland, began working as a cap-maker at a factory in the Lower East Side of New York City at age 16. Following a fire at the factory in 1898, she helped to organize the first female-led chapter of the United Cloth, Hat, Cap and Millinery Workers Union, previously an all-male union. This launched what would become her lifelong fight to improve wages and safety standards for American working women. Following the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of 1911, she drew public attention to unsafe work conditions, and advocated for the passage of the New York state referendum of 1917 that gave women the right to vote. Schneiderman is credited with popularizing the phrase “Bread and Roses,” a central rallying cry of the American labor movement indicating a worker’s right to something more than a subsistence living. In 1926, she was elected president of the National Women's Trade Union League (WTUL), a post she retained until her retirement in 1949. She was friends with Eleanor Roosevelt, and became a consultant to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1933, Schneiderman was the only woman to serve on the National Recovery Administration’s Labor Advisory Board, helping to design New Deal labor policies. Interviewees: historian Hasia Diner, Director of the Goldstein-Goren Center for American Jewish History at New York University and author of Her Works Praise Her: A History of Jewish Women in America From Colonial Times to the Present; labor organizer Ai-jen Poo, Executive Director of the National Domestic Workers Alliance.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/rose-schneiderman/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Rose Schneiderman.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-went-working-factory-advising-president-zeyjko/14409/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Rose Schneiderman.


Unladylike2020: Margaret Chung
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Margaret Chung
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Margaret Chung (1889-1959), the eldest of 11 children in a Chinese immigrant family graduated from the University of Southern California Medical School in 1916, making her the first American-born Chinese female doctor. As a student, she was the only woman in her class, dressed in masculine clothing, and called herself ‘Mike.’ Chung was initially denied residencies and internships in hospitals, but went on to become an emergency surgeon in Los Angeles, which was extremely unusual for women at the time. In the early 1920s, she helped establish the first Western hospital in San Francisco’s Chinatown, and led its OB/GYN and pediatrics unit, and she treated the local Chinese American community along with various celebrities as a surgeon in her private practice. She became a prominent behind-the-scenes political broker during World War II, establishing a network of thousands of men in the military and navy, that referred to her as ‘Mom Chung’ and themselves as her ‘fair-haired bastards.’ Chung also helped establish WAVES, Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Services, the women’s branch of the naval reserves during World War II, which helped pave the way for women’s integration into the U.S armed forces, though she was rejected from serving in it herself, likely because of her race and her sexuality. Interviewees: biographer Judy Tzu-Chun Wu, Professor of Asian American studies at the University of California, Irvine and author of Doctor Mom Chung of the Fair-Haired Bastards; Esther Choo, emergency medicine doctor and researcher at Oregon Health & Science University, Co-Founder of Equity Quotient and Founding Member of Time’s Up Healthcare.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/margaret-chung/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Margaret Chung.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/first-american-born-chinese-woman-doctor-ysk233/14464/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Margaret Chung.


Unladylike2020: Gladys Bentley
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Gladys Bentley
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Gladys Bentley (1907-1960) the eldest of four in a Trinidadian immigrant family, left Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at age 16 to join New York’s Harlem Renaissance jazz scene. She became an instant sensation after performing at the most popular gay speakeasy, the Clam House, and soon headlined shows and toured the country as a pianist and singer. In a time when homosexuality was widely considered sinful and deviant, Bentley wore men’s clothing -- a tuxedo and top hat -- and became famous for her lesbian-themed lyrics covering popular tunes of the day, and for openly flirting with women in the audience. At the height of her popularity, Bentley staged highly produced jazz cabaret performances at the Ubangi Club, where she was joined on stage by a chorus line of female impersonators. But a convergence of circumstances -- the anti-gay sentiments of the time period, numerous states enacting legislation outlawing gender cross-dressing, and the scrutiny and disapproval of the African American church -- had a chilling effect on Bentley’s career. In the 1950s, succumbing to “Lavender Scare” pressure from the McCarthy Era harassment of the LGBTQ+ community, Bentley said of her gender identity, “I am a woman again!” and started performing in women’s clothing. She died of complications from a flu virus while studying to become an ordained minister. Interviewees: Cookie Woolner, Assistant Professor of History, University of Memphis and author of The Famous Lady Lovers; Dwandalyn Reece, Curator of Music and Performing Arts at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of African American History and Culture; Shirlette Ammons, award-winning poet and musician, and songwriter of debut album, “Twilight for Gladys Bentley.”
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/gladys-bentley/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Gladys Bentley.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/gladys-bentley-gender-bending-performer-and-musician-i0xlo0/14597/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Gladys Bentley.


Unladylike2020: Annie Smith Peck
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Annie Smith Peck
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Annie Smith Peck (1850-1935), one of the first women in America to become a college professor, taught Latin, elocution, and archaeology, and took up mountain climbing in her forties. She gained international fame in 1895 when she first summited the Matterhorn in the Swiss Alps -- not only for her daring ascent, but because she undertook the climb wearing pants rather than a cumbersome skirt. In 1908, at age 58 and after five failed attempts, Peck was the first mountaineer ever to conquer Mount Huascarán in Peru, one of the highest peaks in the Western Hemisphere (22,205 feet). The northern peak of the mountain was named Cumbre Aña Peck in her honor. A dedicated supporter of women’s suffrage, she hung a “Votes for Women” banner on her summit of Mount Coropuna in Peru in 1911. She continued to climb mountains into her eighties. Interviewees: biographer Hannah Kimberley, author of A Woman’s Place is at the Top: A Biography of Annie Smith Peck, Queen of the Climbers; mountaineer Vanessa O’Brien, who completed the Explorers Grand Slam, holds a Guinness World Record for summiting the Seven Summits in 295 days, the fastest time by a woman, and is the first American woman to summit K2.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/annie-smith-peck/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and short about Annie Smith Peck.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/annie-smith-peck-record-breaking-mountaineer-myztdj/14637/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Master profile and short about Annie Smith Peck.


Unladylike2020: Susan La Flesche Picotte
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Susan La Flesche Picotte
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Susan La Flesche Picotte (1865-1915) grew up on the Omaha Reservation in Nebraska at a time when the U.S. government was forcing American Indian tribes onto reservations, and mandating their assimilation into white society. Her parents encouraged her pursuit of an Anglo-American formal education, and Picotte graduated from Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1889, becoming the first American Indian physician. She returned to the Omaha reservation and spent her career making house calls by horse-drawn buggy across its 20,000 acres, first for the Office of Indian Affairs, and then in an independent practice. In addition to her medical work, La Flesche was a community leader and active in the Temperance Movement, working tirelessly for her tribe to combat the theft of American Indian land and public health crises including the spread of tuberculosis and alcoholism. In 1913, Picotte fulfilled a lifelong dream -- founding the first privately funded hospital on an American Indian reservation. Interviewees: biographer Joe Starita, author of A Warrior of the People: How Susan La Flesche Overcame Racial and Gender Inequality to Become America's First Indian Doctor; Renée Sans Souci, Omaha Teaching Artist & Educator; and Dr. Yvette Roubideaux, a member of the Rosebud Sioux tribe, also Standing Rock Sioux, and the first woman to lead the Indian Health Service.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/susan-la-flesche-picotte/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video about Susan La Flesche Picotte.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/meet-first-american-indian-woman-physician-ienwy3/14818/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video about Susan La Flesche Picotte.


Unladylike2020: Sissieretta Jones
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Sissieretta Jones
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Opera singer Sissieretta Jones (1868-1933) was born in Portsmouth, Virginia and raised in Providence, Rhode Island, where she began singing at an early age in the church. In 1892, she became the first African American to headline a concert on the main stage at Carnegie Hall, at a time when access to most classical concert halls in the U.S. were closed to black performers and patrons. She also performed at the White House, and became an international sensation, receiving medals and badges from dignitaries and government officials, which she would pin to her elegant gowns when performing. Jones was often promoted by her white managers and by newspaper critics as “The Black Patti” -- a comparison, which many consider discriminatory, to the Italian opera singer Adelina Patti. The rise of segregation and enforcement of Jim Crow laws following the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling ended Jones’ career in classical music venues catering primarily to white audiences. But she remained a star and, for almost two decades, traveled the country as the headliner for a troupe of up to 50 African American performers named in her honor, the Black Patti Troubadours. Interviewees: biographer Maureen D. Lee, author of Sissieretta Jones: "The Greatest Singer of Her Race," 1868-1933; soprano and Sissieretta Jones expert Harolyn Blackwell; and mezzo-soprano opera singer J’Nai Bridges, who recently made her Metropolitan Opera debut as Queen Nefertiti in Philip Glass’s Akhnaten.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/sissieretta-jones/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Sissieretta Jones.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/first-black-woman-headline-concert-carnegie-hall-wtx97f/14930/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Sissieretta Jones.


Unladylike2020: Queen Lili'uokalani
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Queen Lili'uokalani
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Queen Lili‘uokalani (1838-1917), born in Honolulu and the daughter of a high chief and chieftess, was the first sovereign queen, and the last monarch of Hawai‘i. She assumed the throne in 1891, following the sudden death of her brother King David Kalakaua, but her reign was short-lived. Lili‘uokalani dedicated much of her reign to restoring native Hawaiian rights, but a group of American plantation and business owners, backed by the U.S. military, staged a coup to overthrow her in 1893. After a failed insurrection by her supporters in 1895, she was charged with treason and put under house arrest in her palace. When Hawai‘i was annexed by the United States in 1898, Lili‘uokalani declined the offer to watch the annexation ceremonies, as she could not bear to see the Hawaiian flag lowered and the Stars and Stripes put in its place. For the rest of her life, she fought to preserve native Hawaiian rights and traditions. A talented songwriter and musician, she composed over 150 songs in her lifetime, including one of the most well-known Hawaiian songs, Aloha ‘Oe, as well as a national anthem of Hawai‘i. She also helped raise funds for the Queen’s Hospital, established a bank for women, a fund for the education of native Hawaiian girls, as well as The Queen Lili‘uokalani Trust, to support Hawaiian orphans, which is still thriving today. Interviewees: Julia Flynn Siler, author of Lost Kingdom: Hawaii's Last Queen, the Sugar Kings, and America's Imperial Adventure; and native Hawaiian artist, activist, and educator Meleanna Meyer.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/queen-liliuokalani/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Queen Lili'uokalani.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/queen-liliuokalani-the-first-and-last-queen-of-hawaii-kx2oc7/15032/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Queen Lili'uokalani.


Unladylike2020: Gertrude Ederle
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Gertrude Ederle
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Gertrude Ederle (1905-2003), at age 15, became the first woman to swim the length of New York Bay and, in 1924, won three medals at the Paris Olympics. The German American athlete rocketed to international stardom in 1926, at age 20, as the first woman to swim across the English Channel, a feat only five men had completed, then considered one of the toughest endurance tests in the world. Wearing a revolutionary two-piece bathing suit and goggles she designed herself, for 14½ hours, Ederle battled 21 miles of frigid water and treacherous tides, beating the fastest man's existing record by nearly two hours -- the first time in sporting history that a woman had completed an event in a faster time than a man. Dubbed “Queen of the Waves” and “America’s Best Girl,” her accomplishment helped to demonstrate that women could be great athletes and challenged conventional wisdom about women as "the weaker sex." Ederle’s hearing, which had already been damaged by a childhood case of measles, severely worsened after swimming the English Channel and left her “stone deaf,” in her words. Unable to compete in swim meets, Ederle briefly toured the U.S. on the vaudeville circuit. Later in life, she taught swimming to deaf children in New York City. Interviewees: historian Linda J. Borish, Associate Professor of History, Western Michigan University and Co-Author of Sports in American History: From Colonization to Globalization; two-time Olympic medalist Lia Neal, the first African American woman to swim in an Olympic final for the United States.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/gertrude-ederle/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Gertrude Ederle.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-was-first-woman-swim-across-english-channel-r8r7td/15070/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Gertrude Ederle.


Unladylike2020: Sonora Webster Carver
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Sonora Webster Carver
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Sonora Webster Carver (1904-2003) was one of six children born to a working class family in rural Georgia. In 1923, she answered an ad seeking "Attractive young woman who can swim and dive; likes horses; desires to travel," and was hired by circus entertainer William ‘Doc’ Carver, a sharpshooter who founded Wild West shows with Buffalo Bill Cody. Webster became one of the most famous horse divers in the world, making history by diving 40 feet on horseback into a tank of water. Her act soon became a staple at state fairs and carnivals around the country, before becoming a standing act at Steel Pier in Atlantic City, New Jersey. In 1931, Webster was blinded from retinal displacement after one of her dangerous performances, but continued to dive horses for another 11 years. Upon her retirement, Webster worked for the Lighthouse for the Blind and engaged in activism for the blind. Interviewees: Vicki Gold Levi, Co-Author of Atlantic City: 125 Years of Ocean Madness; Fairland Ferguson, trick rider and roman rider for the Dixie Stampede and Cavalia.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/sonora-webster-carver/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Sonora Webster Carver.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/sonora-webster-carver-daredevil-horse-diver-gygmrx/15128/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Sonora Webster Carver.


Unladylike2020: Mary Church Terrell
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Mary Church Terrell
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954), the daughter of former slaves, was a national leader for civil rights and women’s suffrage. Her activism was sparked in 1892 when one of her childhood friends was lynched by white business owners in her hometown of Memphis, Tennessee. Terrell joined the anti-lynching movement and the suffrage movement as a passionate writer and educator, and focused her life’s work on racial uplift -- the belief that Black people could end racial discrimination and advance themselves through education and community activism. Church Terrell was one of the first African American women to earn both a Bachelor and a Master’s degree, and in 1895 became the first Black woman to serve on a board of education in the United States. In 1896, she helped found the National Association of Colored Women (NACW), coining the organization’s motto, “Lifting As We Climb,” and served as its president from 1896 to 1901. She was also a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. She led the movement to integrate restaurants and stores in D.C., organizing some of the first sit-ins at segregated restaurants at age 86, and instigating the groundbreaking 1953 U.S. Supreme Court case District of Columbia v. J.R. Thompson’s Co. Inc., which outlawed discrimination in public places in the nation’s capital. Interviewees: historian Treva B. Lindsey, Associate Professor Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies at Ohio State University, and author of Colored No More: Reinventing Black Womanhood in Washington D.C.; activist, educator, writer, and member of the Ferguson Commission, Brittany Packnett Cunningham.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/mary-church-terrell/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Mary Church Terrell.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/she-was-civil-rights-activist-and-co-founder-naacp-q3ypkj/15170/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Mary Church Terrell.


Unladylike2020: Martha Hughes Cannon
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Martha Hughes Cannon
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Martha Hughes Cannon (1857-1932) came from a Welsh-born immigrant family that traveled West with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to settle in Utah in 1860. After obtaining a medical degree and working as a physician, she became the fourth of six wives in a polygamous Mormon marriage. During the height of a national crackdown on polygamy, she was forced to flee with her first child to England on the ‘Mormon Underground’ to avoid court testimony against her husband and other Mormon fathers. In 1888, she established the first nurse’s training school in Utah. In 1896, Cannon was elected the country’s first female state senator, defeating her own husband who was also on the ballot. A leader in Utah’s women’s suffrage movement, she helped put women’s suffrage into the state’s constitution, established Utah’s first board of health and a school for the deaf and blind. Interviewees: Jenny Reeder, women’s history specialist at the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’ Church History Department; and former U.S. Representative for Utah's 4th congressional district, Mia B. Love, the first Black female Republican elected to Congress, and a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/martha-hughes-cannon/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Martha Hughes Cannon.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/martha-hughes-cannon-first-woman-state-senator-q2gf6y/15269/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Martha Hughes Cannon.


Unladylike2020: Jovita Idar
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Jovita Idar
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Jovita Idar (1885-1946), teacher, journalist, nurse, and civil rights activist, grew up in Laredo, Texas where her family published La Crónica, a Spanish-language newspaper that exposed segregation, lynching, and other injustices endured by Mexican Texans in the early 20th century. At a time when signs announcing “No Negroes, Mexicans, or Dogs Allowed” were common in shops, restaurants, and other public places, she helped organize the First Mexicanist Congress in 1911, a convention that tackled racism and the lynching of Mexican Americans, launching the civil rights movement for Mexican American in the U.S. She helped create the League of Mexican Women, one of the first known Latina feminist organizations, and served as its first president. Encouraging women’s involvement in public policy, Idar worked for women’s rights, suffrage, quality bilingual education for Mexican American children, and an end to racism and segregation. Interviewees: biographer Gabriela González, Associate Professor of History at the University of Texas at San Antonio, and author of Redeeming La Raza: Transborder Modernity, Race, Respectability, and Rights; award-winning journalist Maria Hinojosa, anchor of NPR’s Latino USA and founder of the non-profit news organization Futuro Media.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/jovita-idar/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Jovita Idar.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/jovita-idar-mexican-american-activist-and-journalist-e6zgar/15329/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Jovita Idar.


Unladylike2020: Jeannette Rankin
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Jeannette Rankin
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Jeannette Rankin (1880-1973) was born in Missoula, Montana and briefly worked as a social worker in New York and Washington state before joining the women’s suffrage movement and becoming a prominent lobbyist for the National American Woman Suffrage Association. A talented and passionate public speaker, Rankin made over 6,000 speeches around the world in her lifetime, about women’s suffrage, worker’s rights, and peace. After helping Montana women win the vote in 1914, Rankin ran for office in the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican in 1916. At age thirty-six, she became the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress, where she championed legislation to protect children’s rights and women’s rights, including introducing what later became the 19th Amendment, which secured women the right to vote nationwide in 1920. She helped establish the Women’s Peace Party, an American pacifist and feminist organization established to resist U.S. involvement in World War I. She served two non-consecutive congressional terms (1917 to 1919 and 1941 to 1943) and was the only member of Congress to vote against U.S. participation in both World War I and World War II. She remains the only woman to date elected to the U.S. Congress from the state of Montana. Interviewees: Nancy C. Unger, Professor of History at Santa Clara University; Congresswoman Deb Haaland, U.S. Representative of New Mexico and one of the first two American Indian women elected to Congress.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/jeannette-rankin/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Jeannette Rankin.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/jeannette-rankin-first-woman-member-us-congress-6r7oqu/15360/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Jeannette Rankin.


Unladylike2020: Zitkála-Šá
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Zitkála-Šá
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Zitkála-Šá, aka Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, (1876–1938) was born on the Yankton Reservation in South Dakota, and left her community at age 8 to attend a Quaker missionary-run boarding school as part of a U.S. government policy to educate American Indian youth with the philosophy: “Kill the Indian, and save the man.” She went on to write about her childhood and boarding school experience, and American Indian struggles to retain tribal identities and resist assimilation into European American culture, in essays that were published in the prestigious magazines Harper’s and The Atlantic Monthly. Trained as a violinist at the New England Conservatory of Music, she co-composed and wrote the libretto for what is considered the first American Indian opera, The Sun Dance Opera, in 1913. Zitkála-Šá became increasingly involved in the struggle for American Indian rights, lobbying for U.S. citizenship, voting, and sovereignty rights. She was appointed the secretary of the Society of American Indians, the first national rights organization run by and for American Indians, and edited its publication American Indian Magazine. In 1926, she co-founded the National Council of American Indians to lobby for increased political power for American Indians, and the preservation of American Indian heritage and traditions. Interviewees: P. Jane Hafen (Taos Pueblo), Professor Emerita of English at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and editor of Dreams and Thunder: Stories, Poems and The Sun Dance Opera by Zitkala-Ša; Meg Singer (Navajo) who produced The Sun Dance Opera in 2013 and 2015; LaDonna Brave Bull Allard, historian, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, and founder of the Sacred Stone Camp, the first encampment of the Dakota Access Pipeline protests at Standing Rock, North Dakota.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/zitkala-sa/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Zitkála-Šá.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/zitkala-sa-american-indian-composer-author-activist-qqjsyq/15380/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Zitkála-Šá.


Unladylike2020: Charlotta Spears Bass
Grant details: TR-266341-19
Title: Unladylike2020: Charlotta Spears Bass
Writer: Charlotte Mangin
Writer: Sandra Rattley
Director: Charlotte Mangin
Director: Sandra Rattley
Producer: Charlotte Mangin
Producer: Sandra Rattley
Abstract: Charlotta Spears Bass (1874-1969), a crusading newspaper editor and politician, was one of the first African American women to own and operate a newspaper in the United States. She followed in the tradition of ‘muckraking’ or reform-minded journalism, publishing the California Eagle in Los Angeles from 1912 until 1951, at a time when newsrooms were male-dominated and few white journalists focused on issues of importance to African Americans. The California Eagle, one of the first African American newspapers in California, with the largest circulation of any black paper on the West Coast, addressed social and political issues such as racial violence, and discrimination in schools, housing, and the job market. Bass confronted the Ku Klux Klan, and later in her career, she entered electoral politics and was the first African American woman to run for Vice President of the United States in 1952, on the Progressive Party ticket. Interviewees: historian Susan​ ​D.​ ​Anderson, history curator at the California African American Museum; Nikole Hannah-Jones, Pulitzer Prize winning reporter for The New York Times Magazine, creator of the 1619 Project, and co-founder of the Ida B. Wells Society for Investigative Reporting.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://unladylike2020.com/profile/charlotta-spears-bass/
Primary URL Description: Unladylike2020 profile and video of Charlotta Spears Bass.
Secondary URL: https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/charlotta-spears-bass-first-black-woman-vp-nominee-epkd15/15441/
Secondary URL Description: PBS/American Masters profile and video of Charlotta Spears Bass.


Hazel Scott: Cafe Society
Grant details: TD-266328-19
Title: Hazel Scott: Cafe Society
Writer: Robert Levi
Director: Robert Levi
Producer: Rebecca Halbower
Abstract: **Attaching a PDF of the script in the 'Supplementary Materials' section of the portal.** The “Hazel Scott: Café Society” program’s detailed telescript has been conceived and structured to have the broadest possible appeal for both domestic and global viewing audiences by addressing key cultural, social, and historical issues which defined the years that are covered in the teleplay, and will have equal importance for contemporary audiences. Our research resulted in a detailed and compelling document that highlights the peak of Hazel Scott’s career during an almost eight year association with Café Society while exploring her complex relationship with its founder, the impresario Barney Josephson, who was instrumental in helping Scott develop into one of the most sought after international pianists and celebrated movie personalities.
Year: 2020