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Products for Grant FB-52417-06

FB-52417-06
Rhode Island Quakers in a Slave-Based Economy, 1660-1780
Elizabeth Cazden, Unaffiliated Independent Scholar

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=FB-52417-06

"Our Elder Brother": The role of London Yearly Meeting in the American Quaker turn against slavery (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: "Our Elder Brother": The role of London Yearly Meeting in the American Quaker turn against slavery
Author: Elizabeth Cazden
Abstract: In understanding the shift from acceptance to rejection of slavery and slave-trading among American Quakers in the period from 1755-75, a key factor is the influence of the London Quaker hierarchy. The relationship between London Yearly Meeting and the colonial meetings closely resembled that between the central British government and its colonial periphery. Until the 1750s, London Friends signalled strongly that maintaining unity was of primary importance, largely silencing prophetic anti-slavery voices. In 1758, however, London Yearly Meeting issued a strong condemnation of slave-trading, and this directive was a substantial factor in American meetings taking the same stance over the following few years.
Date: 11/5/2010
Conference Name: Quakers and Slavery, 1657-1865 (McNeil Center, Philadelphia)

From slave trader to abolitionist: “Quaker Tom” Robinson of Newport, Rhode Island (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: From slave trader to abolitionist: “Quaker Tom” Robinson of Newport, Rhode Island
Author: Elizabeth Cazden
Abstract: Thomas Robinson (1731-1817), a life-long Quaker, spent six years in his early 20s engaged in trade with England and the West Indies, and sent at least five slaving voyages to the African coast. He stopped suddenly in 1760, and within a few years became an ardent abolitionist. Although family papers document his activities, he never explained how or why he changed his mind about slavery. This paper explores the various factors at work in Robinson's decision, including the disruptions in shipping occasioned by the Seven Years' War and the changing Quaker ethos that led to meeting disciplinary action against another Newport Quaker slave-trader.
Date: 1/7/2011
Conference Name: American Society of Church History


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