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Products for grant FEL-262159-19

FEL-262159-19
Imagine All the People: Literature, Society and Education in Britain and Denmark, 1700-1920
Cathie Martin, Boston University

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=FEL-262159-19

"What we talk about when we talk about poverty: Culture and welfare state development in Britain, Denmark and France (Article)
Title: "What we talk about when we talk about poverty: Culture and welfare state development in Britain, Denmark and France
Author: Tom Chevalier
Author: Cathie Jo Martin
Abstract: Why did historical anti-poverty programs in Britain, Denmark and France differ so dramatically in their goals, beneficiaries and agents for addressing poverty? Different cultural views of poverty contributed to how policy makers envisioned anti-poverty reforms. Danish elites articulated social investments in peasants as necessary to economic growth, political stability and societal strength. British elites viewed the lower classes as a challenge to these goals. The French perceived the poor as an opportunity for Christian charity. Fiction writers are overlooked political agents who engage in policy struggles. Collectively, writers contribute to a country’s distinctive ‘cultural constraint’, or symbols and narratives, which appears in the national-level aggregation of literature. To assess cross-national variations in cultural depictions of poverty, this article uses historical case studies and quantitative textual analyses of 562 British, 521 Danish and 498 French fictional works from 1770 to 1920.
Year: 2022
Primary URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-political-science/article/abs/what-we-talk-about-when-we-talk-about-poverty-culture-and-welfare-state-development-in-britain-denmark-and-france/165A3CE5CD3B7B0B6985470798CF7C3B
Primary URL Description: First look for the article
Secondary URL: doi:10.1017/S0007123421000016
Access Model: subscription only
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: British Journal of Political Science
Publisher: British Journal of Political Science

CULTURAL IMAGES OF LABOR CONFLICT AND COORDINATION: LITERATURE AND THE EVOLUTION OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS SYSTEMS (Article)
Title: CULTURAL IMAGES OF LABOR CONFLICT AND COORDINATION: LITERATURE AND THE EVOLUTION OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS SYSTEMS
Author: Cathie Jo Martin
Author: Dennie Oude Nijhuis
Author: Erik Olsson
Abstract: Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands have different historical patterns of industrialization, but developed similar patterns of industrial coordination and cooperation. Theories accounting for industrial relations systems (economic structure, power resources, and party/electoral systems) have difficulty accounting for the similarities among these cases. Therefore, we explore the historical depictions of labor appearing in literature to evaluate whether cross-national distinctions in cultural conceptions of labor have some correspondence to distinctions between coordinated and liberal industrial relations systems. We hypothesize that historical literary depictions of labor are associated with the evolution of industrial systems, and apply computational text analyses to large corpora of literary texts. We find that countries (Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands) with coordinated, corporatist industrial relations in the 20th century share similar cultural constructions about labor relations dating back to at least 1770. Literary depictions found in modern coordinated/corporatist countries are significantly different from those found in Britain, a country with liberal/pluralist industrial relations.
Year: 2022
Primary URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003975621000187
Access Model: Subscription only
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: European Journal of Sociology
Publisher: European Journal of Sociology


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