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Products for grant FT-269846-20

FT-269846-20
Slavery and immigration, an American history (1789-1889)
Kevin Kenny, New York University

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=FT-269846-20

The Antislavery Origins of US Immigration Policy (Article)
Title: The Antislavery Origins of US Immigration Policy
Author: Kevin Kenny
Abstract: Congress played almost no role in regulating the entry of immigrants before the Civil War. The states passed their own laws controlling the admission, exclusion, and expulsion of foreigners, as well as the movement of free and enslaved African Americans. When a national immigration policy began to emerge for the first time during the Civil War, it was shaped by the dominant ideology of antislavery. In 1862 Congress passed legislation prohibiting American involvement in the so-called coolie trade, equating the transportation of unfree Chinese laborers with slavery. Legislation passed in 1864, by contrast, gave federal recognition to the recruit- ment of European workers on short-term contracts. The 1862 law led indirectly to the exclusion of Chinese laborers in 1882, which was justified as an antislavery measure. The 1864 law, meanwhile, generated opposition to immigrant contract labor, also on antislavery grounds, culminating in the prohibition of immigrant contracts under the Foran Act of 1885. In this way, Chinese migration was coded as inherently unfree, and European workers, liberated from the shackles of contract, emerged as America’s archetypal immigrants. Together, these two developments during the Civil War laid the groundwork for the federal immigration system of the postbellum era.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://www.journalofthecivilwarera.org/
Primary URL Description: Journal website
Access Model: Subscription only
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of the Civil War Era
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press

Introduction: Immigration in the Civil War Era (Article)
Title: Introduction: Immigration in the Civil War Era
Author: Katherine Carper
Author: Kevin Kenny
Abstract: While recent immigration scholars have turned most of their attention to the twentieth century, many historians are also reexamining immigration policy in the mid-nineteenth century. This special issue examines the relationship between slavery and immigration, the balance between state and federal policy, the connections among race, birthplace, and citizenship, and the international dimensions of US immigration policy during and after the Civil War.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://www.journalofthecivilwarera.org/
Primary URL Description: Journal website.
Access Model: Subscription only.
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of the Civil War Era
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press


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