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Products for grant FT-61131-13

FT-61131-13
Kidnapper and Slave Trader Patty Cannon (c. 1760-1829) and the Illicit Market for Slaves in the U.S.
Richard Bell, University of Maryland, College Park

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=FT-61131-13

“’Traitorous Brethren’: Black Kidnappers, Kinship, and the Reverse Underground Railroad” (Article)
Title: “’Traitorous Brethren’: Black Kidnappers, Kinship, and the Reverse Underground Railroad”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: This essay examines the role and significance of kidnappers of color in the reverse underground railroad, a vast human trafficking network that captured and coffled thousands of free African Americans from Mid-Atlantic states to the Deep South for sale as slaves. This black-market business—of infamous repute in its day, though since largely forgotten—sprang to life soon after the American Revolution as an illicit and illegal corollary to the rise of the domestic slave trade. This essay focuses its attention on the previously unexamined presence of black and mixed-race actors in these kidnapping schemes and explores the context for and motivations of that generation of “colored kidnappers.” To do so, it places their seemingly unfathomable actions in conversation with the choices made by enslaved informants on southern plantations and those made by the many African Americans who collaborated with bounty hunters and slave catchers to retrieve runaways in this period. It argues that the divisive actions of black kidnappers problematize the historiographical consensus about racial solidarity and political identity within the black community. However, it also documents this same community’s simultaneous efforts to publicly denounce, promptly apprehend, and violently punish by extra-legal means the “treacherous creatures” ” who abducted their friends, neighbors, and family members. Such activities, it concludes, provided a modest yet formative opportunity for people of color living in border states to respond to the critically important questions of loyalty, authenticity, and kinship raised by the counterfeit kin who lived in their midst—and to forge common cause against them.
Year: 2017
Primary URL: http://www.shear.org/jer/
Access Model: subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of the Early Republic
Publisher: SHEAR

“’Thence to Patty Cannon’s’: Gender, Family, and the Reverse Underground Railroad” (Article)
Title: “’Thence to Patty Cannon’s’: Gender, Family, and the Reverse Underground Railroad”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: The abduction of free African Americans from cities like Philadelphia and the wholly illegal traffic of such people into the Deep South to be sold as slaves provided exceptional opportunities for women to participate directly in the American interstate slave trade as kidnappers, warehouse managers, and coffle co-captains. The activities of the Cannon-Johnson ring, active in the 1820s, demonstrate how Delaware’s Patty Cannon and other female traffickers leveraged kinship relations with male conductors and station agents on this reverse underground railroad in order to secure their own passage through an otherwise treacherous and decidedly homo-social world.
Year: 2016
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Slavery & Abolition
Publisher: Taylor and Francis

“The Great Jugular Vein of Slavery: New Histories of the Domestic Slave Trade,” (Article)
Title: “The Great Jugular Vein of Slavery: New Histories of the Domestic Slave Trade,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: This article offers a critical analysis of the historiography of the domestic slave trade in the 19th-century United States. Surveying a boom in scholarship on the subject over the past 25 years, it examines the political and intellectual currents that have shaped the study of the internal traffic in commodified human flesh and explains this sub-field’s debts to ethnography, cliometrics, and Civil-Rights-era social history. It reviews claims regarding the economic impact, social significance, and cultural resonance of the two million slave sales that took place in the United States between the American Revolution and the Civil War and arbitrates recent disputes as to the trade’s relationship to slave breeding, the integrity of the Black family, paternalist ideology, and the coming of the Civil War. This brief essay concludes with an assessment of critical needs for future scholarship.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/hic3.12114/abstract
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: History Compass
Publisher: Wiley

“The Blackest Market: Kidnapping, Slavery and Salvation” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “The Blackest Market: Kidnapping, Slavery and Salvation”
Abstract: None available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 2/10/2015
Location: Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library, Washington, DC

“Slavery’s Blackest Market: A Microhistory,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Slavery’s Blackest Market: A Microhistory,”
Abstract: None available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 8/29/2014
Location: Central New York Humanities Corridor Visiting Scholars Colloquium, Syracuse, NY

“The Blackest Market: Kidnapping, Slavery, and Salvation,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “The Blackest Market: Kidnapping, Slavery, and Salvation,”
Abstract: None Available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 2/27/2014
Location: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

“The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,”
Abstract: None Available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 1/27/2014
Location: Summersell Center for the Study of the South, Tuscaloosa, AL

“Slavery’s Blackest Market: A Microhistory,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Slavery’s Blackest Market: A Microhistory,”
Abstract: None available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 7/19/2013
Location: Virginia Historical Society Colloquium Series

“The Blackest Market: Patty Cannon, Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “The Blackest Market: Patty Cannon, Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade,”
Abstract: None available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 3/2/2012
Location: Department of History, University College London

“The Blackest Market: Patty Cannon, Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade,” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “The Blackest Market: Patty Cannon, Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade,”
Abstract: None available
Author: Richard Bell
Date: 3/1/2012
Location: Department of History, Queen Mary University of London

“Black Kidnappers and the Reverse Underground Railroad,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “Black Kidnappers and the Reverse Underground Railroad,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 9/2/2016
Conference Name: British Group of Early American Historians annual meeting, Cambridge, UK

“The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 10/3/2015
Conference Name: Gulf Coast History and Humanities annual conference, Natchez MS

“‘Thence to Patty Cannon’s’: Gender, Kinship, and the Reverse Underground Railroad,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “‘Thence to Patty Cannon’s’: Gender, Kinship, and the Reverse Underground Railroad,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 7/18/2015
Conference Name: Society for Historians of the Early American Republic annual meeting, Raleigh, NC,

“The Sectional Politics of Restoring Kidnapped Laborers to Freedom,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “The Sectional Politics of Restoring Kidnapped Laborers to Freedom,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 3/26/2015
Conference Name: Louisiana Historical Association annual meeting, Lafayette, LA,

“Kidnapping, Slavery, and the Politics of Interregional Cooperation in the Early United States,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “Kidnapping, Slavery, and the Politics of Interregional Cooperation in the Early United States,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 1/25/2015
Conference Name: American Historical Association annual meeting, New York City

"The Blackest Market: Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade," (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: "The Blackest Market: Kidnapping and the Domestic Slave Trade,"
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 4/23/2014
Conference Name: Slavery, Memory and African Diasporas seminar, Washington, DC,

“The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “The Mississippi Chapter of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 10/18/2013
Conference Name: Pennsylvania Historical Association annual conference, Gettysburg

“Black Kidnappers and Slave Traders in Nineteenth-Century America,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “Black Kidnappers and Slave Traders in Nineteenth-Century America,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 10/12/2012
Conference Name: Race, Resistance and Reason conference, Cortland, NY

“On the Road to the Dismal Gulf: Free Blacks’ Journey Into Slavery,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “On the Road to the Dismal Gulf: Free Blacks’ Journey Into Slavery,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 10/13/2012
Conference Name: Captivity Unbound conference, Mobile

“Patty Cannon’s America: Kidnapping and the Black Market in Slaves,” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: “Patty Cannon’s America: Kidnapping and the Black Market in Slaves,”
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date: 4/12/2012
Conference Name: Organization of American Historians annual meeting, Milwaukee

Conference Co-chair, Human Trafficking in Early America (Conference/Institute/Seminar)
Title: Conference Co-chair, Human Trafficking in Early America
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: None available
Date Range: Apr. 23-25, 2015
Location: McNeil Center for Early American Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Fighting Slavery (Course or Curricular Materials)
Title: Fighting Slavery
Author: Richard Bell
Abstract: New undergraduate course
Year: 2015
Audience: Undergraduate

Interview with On the Margin, WPFW 89.3 FM (radio) (Radio/Audio Broadcast or Recording)
Title: Interview with On the Margin, WPFW 89.3 FM (radio)
Abstract: None available
Date: 2/5/2015
Primary URL: http://www.wpfwfm.org/radio/programming/archived-shows
Access Model: open access
Format: Radio


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