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Products for grant HAA-266482-19

HAA-266482-19
Mesolex: Lexicosemantic Resources for Mesoamerican Languages
Jonathan Amith, Gettysburg College

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=HAA-266482-19

Lexicon and audio recordings of Sierra Nororiental de Puebla Nahuat [last update 2021-03-23] (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Lexicon and audio recordings of Sierra Nororiental de Puebla Nahuat [last update 2021-03-23]
Author: Ceferino Salgado Castañeda
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Author: Amelia Domínguez Alcántara
Author: Hermelindo Salazar Osollo
Abstract: This is a long-term project to document the lexicosemantics of the Nahuat spoken in the municipality of Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla. Over the past 6 months Amith and Ceferino Salgado have been reviewing each of the 8,000 + entries in terms of sense definitions and illustrative sentences (at least one for every sense). Illustrative sentences are both elaborated by the three native speaker editors and taken from over 200 hours of digital audio recordings (all of which has been transcribed). By the end of this Level 1 Mesolex project the team hopes to have 9,000 entries and 30,000 illustrative sentences, divided between those that were edited and recorded by the lexicographic team and those that were selected and extracted from the corpus. The lexical database and recordings will be archived and published as a corpus by the Linguistic Data Consortium, University of Pennsylvania.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/azz/dictionary/
Primary URL Description: Username: admin Password: xochitl
Access Model: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

Lexicon and audio recordings of Yoloxóchitl Mixtec (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Lexicon and audio recordings of Yoloxóchitl Mixtec
Author: Rey Castillo García
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: This is a long-term project to document the lexicosemantics of the Mixtec spoken in the village of Yoloxóchitl, municipality of San Luis Acátlan, state of Guerrero, Mexico. Over the past several years Amith and Rey Castillo have been reviewing 2,500 + entries in terms of the orthography and gloss for each entry. Castillo has already recorded each headword, repeated three times in a high quality digital audio recording and each recording will be linked to its headword in the online Mesolex dictionary. Subsequently they will record cognate sets from 4 neighboring villages and spend a year reviewing the sense definitions and illustrative sentences for each entry. By the end of this Level 1 Mesolex project the team hopes to have 2,500 entries with linked headword recordings from Yoloxóchitl and at least one other village as well as preliminary sense definitions for each entry. The lexical database and recordings will be archived and published as a corpus by the Linguistic Data Consortium, University of Pennsylvania.
Year: 2020
Access Model: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

Comparative plant nomenclature in Totonac villages of the Sierra Nororiental / Norte de Puebla (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Comparative plant nomenclature in Totonac villages of the Sierra Nororiental / Norte de Puebla
Author: Osbel López Francisco
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: tes
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/
Primary URL Description: Forthcoming at Mesolex username: admin password: xochitl
Access Model: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)

Catalogue of Nahuat multimedia Sierra Nororiental de Puebla (pdf) (Catalog)
Title: Catalogue of Nahuat multimedia Sierra Nororiental de Puebla (pdf)
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: This is a catalogue of all digital audio files in Nahuat spoken in the Sierra Nororiental de Puebla. It will be made available via the Corpus module for Highland Puebla Nahuatl in the Mesolex data portal. The content will also be database and searchable through Mesolex. Note that Amith has produced similar catalogues for other Nahuat and Totonac audio that is also part of his research. For Totonac see the catalogue for Zongozotla, also documented here as a product. For other Nahuat[l] materials see the following which is also online: Catalogue-of-multimedia-Nahuatl-in-Municipality-of-Tepetzintla.pdf
Year: 2020
Primary URL: http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/Mesolex/Catalogues
Primary URL Description: The folder http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/Mesolex is the main folder for items (catalogues, pdf files, csv databases, illustrated field guides) that will be linked to the Mesolex data portal (found at staging.mesolex.org/en/ Username: admin | password: xochitl
Catalog Type: Other
Publisher: pdf file for presentation via Mesolex; 303 pages

Catalogue of Totonac Recordings Zongozotla (pdf) (Catalog)
Title: Catalogue of Totonac Recordings Zongozotla (pdf)
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: This is a catalogue of all digital audio files in Totonac spoken in the Zongozotla, Sierra Norte de Puebla. It will be made available via the Corpus module for Zongozotla Totonac in the Mesolex data portal. The content will also be database and searchable through Mesolex. Note that Amith has produced similar catalogues for other Nahuat and Totonac audio that is also part of his research. For Nahuat[l] see the catalogue for Sierra Nororiental Nahuat, also documented here as a product. For other Totonac materials see the following which are also online: Catalogue-of-Totonac-Botanical-Field-recordings_Coahuitlan-and-Mecatlan-Veracruz.pdf Catalogue-of-Totonac-Recordings-Nanacatlan.pdf Catalogue-of-Totonac-Recordings-Tonalixco.pdf Cataogue-of-Totonac-Recordings-Ecatlan.pdf
Year: 2020
Primary URL: http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/Mesolex/Catalogues
Catalog Type: Other
Publisher: pdf file for presentation via Mesolex; 303 pages

SYLARD: Synchronized Language Annotation Result Display [updated 31 March 2021] (Computer Program)
Title: SYLARD: Synchronized Language Annotation Result Display [updated 31 March 2021]
Author: Bruno Pérez Chávez
Author: Iván Rivalcoba Rivas
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: Please see Supplementary Materials Fourth-report_2021-09-30_SYLARD-Review.pdf The SYLARD program is designed to convert ELAN files (.eaf) to HTML. ELAN files are time-coded annotations (e.g., transcriptions and translations, sometimes with parses, glosses, and other data) of audio or video files. ELAN is the dominant program used to annotate endangered language recordings and is virtually the only program now in general use for this purpose. The goal of SYLARD is to create web pages such as those at http://demca.tacc.utexas.edu/ethno/eaf/index.php A summary of advances to date is included in this report in the document 2020-09-30_SYLARD_NEH-Mesolex.pdf in Supplementary materials.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://sylard-hsnrj.ondigitalocean.app/#
Primary URL Description: The software has been deployed and tested online. Once it is finalized it will be made available, probably via GitHub. It will create a playback system such as that in the URL in the following, Secondary URL box, which is just an example of how the SYLARD software will create line-by-line playback.
Secondary URL: http://demca.mesolex.org/ethno/eaf/eafdetail.php?mediaid=105&collid=0
Secondary URL Description: Example of the type of web page that SYLARD will create once finished.
Access Model: Open access and open source
Programming Language/Platform: The system will be developed in NodeJs. It will use a non-relational database administered by MongoDB. It should be executed on a local platform or cloud that supports NodeJs in its last stable version: LTS.
Source Available?: Yes

A smart dictionary for Indigenous Mesoamerican languages built with Django [Updated to 2021-03-28] (Computer Program)
Title: A smart dictionary for Indigenous Mesoamerican languages built with Django [Updated to 2021-03-28]
Author: Ashton, Neil
Abstract: Mesolex is a smart dictionary for Nahuatl (and eventually other Indigenous languages of Mexico) built with a combination of the Django web application framework and finite-state morphological analysis. NOTE: as of right now, the morphological analysis is a planned feature. It will be added in a future phase of work.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: http://staging.mesolex.org
Access Model: https://github.com/nmashton/mesolex
Programming Language/Platform: Mesolex is a standard Django app built for easy local development and simple provisioning of and deployment to new instances. Before installing, make sure you have the following prerequisites installed: Python 3.7 Node 10.x Postgres = 11 Elasticsearch 6.x
Source Available?: Yes

San Martin Duraznos Mixtec: Dictionary of non-verbs with associated sound files (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: San Martin Duraznos Mixtec: Dictionary of non-verbs with associated sound files
Author: Hernández, Carmen
Author: Auderset, Sandra
Abstract: Dictionary of words from San Martín Duraznos Mixtec. Each entry includes an English and Spanish gloss as well as separate representation of the tonal melody (which can be searched independently of the segmental representation, just as the segmental sequence can be searched independent of tonal melody). Sound files for each entry have been uploaded; links to these audio files will be completed by mid-April at the latest.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/juxt1235/non-verbs/
Primary URL Description: This is a dataset within the San Martín Duraznos subportal of Mesolex. It offers the same search functionalities as found in other Mesolex dictionaries.
Secondary URL: https://github.com/nmashton/mesolex
Secondary URL Description: Source code for Mesolex and the S. Martín Duraznos subportal part of N. Ashton's code for 'A smart dictionary for Indigenous Mesoamerican languages'.
Access Model: Open access

San Martín Duraznos Mixtec: Verbal paradigms and associated sound files. (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: San Martín Duraznos Mixtec: Verbal paradigms and associated sound files.
Author: Auderset, Sandra
Author: Hernández, Carmen
Abstract: pending
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/juxt1235/verbs/
Secondary URL: https://github.com/nmashton/mesolex
Secondary URL Description: Source code for Mesolex and the S. Martín Duraznos subportal part of N. Ashton's code for 'A smart dictionary for Indigenous Mesoamerican languages'.
Access Model: Open access

A Historical Dictionary of Chol (Mayan): The Lexical Sources from 1789 to 1935 [databased version] (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: A Historical Dictionary of Chol (Mayan): The Lexical Sources from 1789 to 1935 [databased version]
Author: Cruz Guzmán, Ausencio
Author: Hopkins, Nicholas A.
Author: Josserand, J. Kathryn
Abstract: The present resource is a database version (by Kenia Velasco) of a comparative dictionary by the abovementioned authors, which was the result of 30-years of research into five historical Chol sources, here put together in a comparative dictionary: (1) LF 1892: Eighteenth Century Chol of Tila, Chiapas: The earliest published Chol lexicon is that of León Fernández (1892), which is a transcription of data recorded in Tila, Chiapas, in 1789. Chol was apparently missed in the sixteenth century survey represented by the Relaciones Geográficas (Harvey 1972), and no major documents are known from the earliest Colonial period (Bright 1967, Hellmuth 1970), including the catechisms, grammars, and vocabularies that must have been produced during the period when Chol speakers were being missionized and relocated (de Vos 1980a,b); (2) Campbell 1984: Colonial Chol Day Names: The Chol day names reported in this dictionary are based on those published by Lyle Campbell in 1984; (3) Stoll 1938: The Nineteenth-Century Chol Vocabulary of C. H. Berendt: This extensive Chol lexicon was recorded by the German scholar C. H. Berendt towards the middle of the nineteenth century, and remained unpublished until after his death; (4) Sapper (1907): A Late Nineteenth-Century Chol Wordlist: An extensive Chol word list, apparently collected just before the end of the nineteenth century, was published in the proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Americanists by Karl Sapper, German ethnographer and historian. Sapper (1907:440-458) presented data from the two major Chol dialects, those of Tila and Tumbalá (and their dependencies). He accompanied the Chol data with comparative data from Chortí and Pocomam; (5) Starr (1902): Two Turn-of-the-Century Chol Wordlists: Two Chol word lists appear as appendices to Frederick Starr's Notes Upon the Ethnography of Southern Mexico (Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Sciences 9:63-172, 1902).
Year: 2010
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/chol1282/
Primary URL Description: Presently this historical and comparative lexical database is in a tab-delimited format. It will be uploaded to Mesolex in the following reporting period. It will be uploaded to the Chol subportal at https://staging.mesolex.org/en/chol1282/
Access Model: Open access

Diccionario básico del mixteco de Xochapa, Guerrero. Tercera edición (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Diccionario básico del mixteco de Xochapa, Guerrero. Tercera edición
Author: González de Guzmán, Benita
Author: Stark C., Sharon (Sara)
Author: Johnson P., Audrey (Andrea)
Abstract: Databased version (by Kenia Velasco) of a published Mixtec dictionary from Xochapan, Guerrero. The Mixtec-Spanish section of the original dictionary covered 57 pages.
Year: 2002
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/xoch1238/
Primary URL Description: Presently this Mixtec lexical database is in a tab-delimited format. During the next reporting period it will be uploaded to the Xochapan Mesolex subportal at https://staging.mesolex.org/en/xoch1238/
Access Model: Open access

Diccionario mixteco de Magdaleno Peñasco (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Diccionario mixteco de Magdaleno Peñasco
Author: Erickson de Hollenbach, Elena
Abstract: Databased version (by Kenia Velasco) of a published Mixtec dictionary from Magdalena Peñasco, Oaxaca. The Mixtec-Spanish section of the original dictionary covered 658 pages.
Year: 2017
Primary URL: https://staging.mesolex.org/en/magd1235/
Primary URL Description: Presently this Mixtec lexical database is in a tab-delimited format. During the next reporting period it will be uploaded to the Magdalena Peñasco Mesolex subportal at https://staging.mesolex.org/en/magd1235/
Access Model: Open access

Database of Yoloxochitl Mixtec plant nomenclature, classification, and use (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Database of Yoloxochitl Mixtec plant nomenclature, classification, and use
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Author: Rey Castillo Garcia
Abstract: Based on 1,428 plant collections this database summarizes the ethnographic information (plant name, classification, and use) for flora in the Mixtec community of Yoloxochitl and a few surrounding communities in the same municipality of San Luis Acatlan. The database is structured for online presentation in Mesolex via the Flora and Fauna module with links available in the Dictionary module and the resources for the Yoloxochitl Mixtec community.
Year: 2021
Primary URL Description: This will be available through the Mesolex portal which is now being redesigned.
Access Model: All material will be open access

Updated finite state transducer for variable orthography in Nahuat(l) dictionary look-up (Computer Program)
Title: Updated finite state transducer for variable orthography in Nahuat(l) dictionary look-up
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Author: Robert Pugh
Abstract: Updated finite state transducer for Nahuat(l) look-up, an application that takes into consideration two factors that hinder effective use of dictionaries by end users, particularly native speakers. The first factor is that Indigenous languages often vary from one community of speakers to another and thus speakers of one language or variant might have difficulty looking up words, even when cognates, from a related language (e.g., speaker A says 'ohtli' and speaker B, from a nearby village, says 'otli'). The second factor that hinder look-up is variable orthographic traditions. For example, some speakers might write the [wa] sound as 'wa', others as 'hua' and still others as 'ua'. The finite state mechanism allows users to enter a wide variety of orthographic representations and nevertheless find the sought-after headword.
Year: 2021
Primary URL Description: Not yet deployed on GitHub but will be soon.
Programming Language/Platform: FOMA is a compiler, programming language, and C library for constructing finite-state automata and transducers.
Source Available?: Yes

Mesolex: Lexicosemantic Resources for Mesoamerican Languages (Web Resource)
Title: Mesolex: Lexicosemantic Resources for Mesoamerican Languages
Author: Jonathan D. Amith
Abstract: Mesolex is a bilingual data portal for lexicosemantic data from a range of Mesoamerican languages. The primary resource material is accessible through two paths: Language Index and Topical Index. The first has been expanded to include 7 language groups and approximately 20 potential terminal languages. The second comprises a Library (pdfs of written resources), Audio and Video (catalogue and presentation of multimedia), and Flora & Fauna (links to all material in this semantic field be it text, audio, video, or lexicons). The Mesolex portal thus will include dictionaries, word lists, comparative word lists and dictionaries, comparative plant nomenclature, and other materials for understanding the languages and cultures of Mexican Indigenous communities.
Year: 2022
Primary URL: https://mesolex-frontend-develop-eztzm.ondigitalocean.app/azz
Primary URL Description: Redesigned and enhanced content for Mesolex.
Secondary URL: https://mesolex-frontend-develop-eztzm.ondigitalocean.app/azz
Secondary URL Description: This is a direct link to a Highland Puebla Nahuatl dictionary search interface that incorporates a finite state transducer (flexible orthography) for headword searches and a back-end thesaurus for gloss and meaning searches.


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