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A History of Prison Architecture and Punishment in Colonial Senegal
Dior Konate, South Carolina State University
Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=HB-50283-13
"The Geography of Punishment: Prison Location in Senegal." (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: "The Geography of Punishment: Prison Location in Senegal."
Author: Dior Konate
Abstract: This paper looks at the geographical locations of colonial prisons as metaphors for spatial order, social control, and labor policies. It sheds light on the politics and economy of prison location in French Senegal. In 1820, the French opened the first prison. However by 1900, prisons mushroomed rapidly and their chosen locations were evident in the toll they exacted on the colony’s landscape. Prisons were anchored around early towns, forts, commercial enclaves, trading posts, and colonial towns. By 1960, when Senegal became independent, there were a total of thirty-six prisons. This paper argues that the thoughtful locations of prisons served several purposes; prison sites created a sense of ‘territoriality’ and became a metaphor for a spatial order.
Primary URL: https://colonialincarceration20century.wordpress.com/
Primary URL Description: The Institute of Contemporary History (IHC/NOVA University) and the Aljube Museum – Resistance and Freedom wish to mark the 80th anniversary of the inauguration of the Tarrafal prison camp in Cape Verde by organising a conference on the historiography of political incarceration in European colonies in the 20th century. The organizers welcome new research on the prisons and prisoner camps in former British, French, Dutch, Belgian, German and Portuguese colonial territories, as well as comparative and transnational perspectives on colonial incarceration in general. A selection of conference papers will be included in a special issue of an international peer reviewed journal.