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Products for grant HB-50610-15

Andean Cosmopolitans: Indigenous Journeys to the Habsburg Royal Court
Jose Carlos de la Puente, Texas State University - San Marcos

Grant details:

That Which Belongs to All: Khipus, Community, and Indigenous Legal Activism in the Early Colonial Andes (Article) [show prizes]
Title: That Which Belongs to All: Khipus, Community, and Indigenous Legal Activism in the Early Colonial Andes
Author: De la Puente Luna, José Carlos
Abstract: Drawing from recent studies on “paper” and ethnographic khipu as well as on current discussions on indigenous engagements with the colonial system of justice, this essay reclaims the pueblo, in its political expression as a governing council, as the main locus for indigenous collective legal activism in the rural Andes during the Habsburg era. Based on the evidence included in Viceroy Toledo’s 1570 investigation about the judicial endeavors of the Huanca group, I have shown that traditional mechanisms for allocating labor tasks and, after the Spanish conquest, apportioning tribute quotas among different ayllu underscored community-wide litigation and the search for favor at local and metropolitan courts, thus subjecting this type of legal initiative to the social rules, practices, and expectations governing sapci (communal) endowments and funds. The possibility of evaluating the performance of pueblo and multi-pueblo authorities in charge of collective resources and holding these leaders accountable for any mismanagement or misappropriation of sapci legal funds was embedded in the planning and assessment of collective action that khipu devices facilitated. These twin processes conferred a moderate, yet previously overlooked degree of control in legal strategies and decisions to mid-ranking ayllu and cabildo authorities and, ultimately, to the Andean commoners who were directly involved in the reproduction of sapci regimes.
Year: 2015
Primary URL:
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: The Americas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Andean Cosmopolitans: Seeking Justice and Reward at the Spanish Royal Court (Book) [show prizes]
Title: Andean Cosmopolitans: Seeking Justice and Reward at the Spanish Royal Court
Author: José Carlos de la Puente Luna
Abstract: After the Spanish victories over the Inca claimed Tawantinsuyu for Charles V in the 1530s, native Andeans undertook a series of perilous trips from Peru to the royal court in Spain. Ranging from an indigenous commoner entrusted with delivering birds of prey for courtly entertainment to an Inca prince who spent his days amid titles, pensions, and other royal favors, these sojourners were both exceptional and paradigmatic. Together, they shared a conviction that the sovereign's absolute authority would guarantee that justice would be done and service would receive its due reward. As they negotiated their claims with imperial officials, Amerindian peoples helped forge the connections that sustained the expanding Habsburg realm's imaginary and gave the modern global age its defining character. Andean Cosmopolitans recovers these travelers' dramatic experiences, while simultaneously highlighting their profound influences on the making and remaking of the colonial world. While Spain's American possessions became Spanish in many ways, the Andean travelers (in their cosmopolitan lives and journeys) also helped to shape Spain in the image and likeness of Peru. De la Puente brings remarkable insights to a narrative showing how previously unknown peoples and ideas created new power structures and institutions, as well as novel ways of being urban, Indian, elite, and subject. As indigenous people articulated and defended their own views regarding the legal and political character of the "Republic of the Indians," they became state-builders of a special kind, cocreating the colonial order.
Year: 2018
Publisher: Austin: University of Texas Press
Type: Single author monograph
Copy sent to NEH?: Yes