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HK-50021-12
Metadata Games: Improving Access to Humanities Artifacts
Mary Flanagan, Dartmouth College

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=HK-50021-12

How games can help us access and understand cultural artifacts. (Article)
Title: How games can help us access and understand cultural artifacts.
Author: Mary Flanagan
Author: Peter Carini
Abstract: A lack of quality metadata is a key problem encountered with mass-digitization projects as institutions strive to "go digital." This paper reports on a pilot study of Metadata Games, a software system that uses computer games to collect information about archival images in libraries and archives as these institutions digitize millions of items across national collections. Games offer a unique advantage for collecting metadata because they can entice users who might normally be inclined to visit archives to explore humanities content and, in the process, contribute to vital records, and they can work in a wide-scale, distributed fashion to collect much more metadata than a typical archives staff member could contribute alone in the same time frame. Metadata Games can be used to enhance knowledge about images associated with particular disciplines and fields, or in interdisciplinary collections. This open-source system is easily customized to meet each institution's needs. By inviting mass participation, Metadata Games opens the door for archivists, researchers, and the public to unearth new knowledge that could radically enhance scholarship across the disciplines. Metadata Games expands what researchers, students, and the public can encounter in their quest to understand the human experience. Games offer great promise for humanities scholarship by uniting the culture of the archives with a diverse user base, including researchers, hobbyists, and gamers.
Year: 2012
Primary URL: http://archivists.metapress.com/content/b424537w27970gu4/
Primary URL Description: Link to article
Access Model: subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: American Archivist
Publisher: Society of American Archivists

WEEKEND WITH THE GALLIMAUFRY: UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH COLLECTION ADDED TO METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: WEEKEND WITH THE GALLIMAUFRY: UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH COLLECTION ADDED TO METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Tiltfactor and the University of Edinburgh, Library and University Collections are excited to announce the addition of over 3,300 images from the University of Edinburgh to Metadata Games. This collection, a miscellaneous “gallimaufry” (a confused jumble or medley) of digitized items from Special Collections, displays the sheer variety and breadth of material held by the Centre for Research Collections.”
Date: 12/8/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/weekend-with-the-gallimaufry-university-of-edinburgh-collection-added-to-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

Crowdsourcing of image metadata: Say what you see. (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Crowdsourcing of image metadata: Say what you see.
Author: Claire Knowles
Author: Scott Renton
Author: Gavin Willshaw
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitku
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: Digitised archival, museum, gallery and library content often lack metadata on the subjects within the image as the only metadata is for the source object. For example, the name of the author of the digitised book is known, but not that the image shows a bird. Crowdsourcing games allow this missing data to be captured through mass-participation with users describing what they can see. The integration of user-generated tags aids discovery of cultural heritage collections through the enhanced search terms provided. Tiltfactor Laboratory at Dartmouth College has developed Metadata Games http://www.metadatagames.org as an online platform for gathering user-generated tags on photo, audio, and video collections. In tandem, the University of Edinburgh has developed its own crowdsourcing game to improve discoverability of its collections. This presentation will discuss our experiences with crowdsourcing games including challenges encountered and workflows for integrating user-generated/folksonomic tags with authoritative data to aid discovery. Preliminary data will be presented illustrating the extent that user-generated tags enhance search at one’s institution and increase traffic to online collections. Finally, there will be information on how you can use metadata games to enhance the discoverability of your institution's collections.
Date: 06/08/2015
Primary URL: http://www.or2015.net
Primary URL Description: conference website
Conference Name: Open Repositories 2015

US HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM TO ADD COLLECTION TO METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: US HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM TO ADD COLLECTION TO METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Dartmouth College’s Tiltfactor, an interdisciplinary innovation studio, is excited to announce new work with collections from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. A living memorial to the Holocaust, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum inspires citizens and leaders worldwide to confront hatred, prevent genocide, and promote human dignity. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum will work with Tiltfactor to use Metadata Games, an open source crowdsourcing game platform, to collect data on a select subset of its collection of 89,000 historical photographs.”
Date: 03/23/2015
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/us-holocaust-memorial-museum-to-add-collection-to-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

GAME CHANGER (Blog Post)
Title: GAME CHANGER
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: Update on Metadata Games project and related initiatives resulting from the project, such as the Crowdsourcing Consortium for Libraries and Archives (CCLA) funded by the IMLS and developing transcription games with the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL).
Date: 11/7/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/game-changer/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY TO ADD POLITICAL CARTOON COLLECTION TO METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY TO ADD POLITICAL CARTOON COLLECTION TO METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “We are excited to announce Tiltfactor’s newest partnership with the American Antiquarian Society (AAS), which houses the largest and most accessible collection of printed materials from the United States, the West Indies, and parts of Canada pre-1876.”
Date: 8/18/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/american-antiquarian-society-to-add-political-cartoon-collection-to-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

NANCY TOVAR COLLECTION AND METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: NANCY TOVAR COLLECTION AND METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: Blog post by Tiltfactor Student, on her connection to Metadata Games and the Nancy Tovar Collection from the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center.
Date: 8/11/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/nancy-tovar-collection-and-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

TILTFACTOR SELECTED FOR MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN’S PURPOSEFUL GAMING GRANT (Blog Post)
Title: TILTFACTOR SELECTED FOR MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN’S PURPOSEFUL GAMING GRANT
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: Announcement of the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) selecting Tiltfactor as designer to develop games to aid in verification of transcribed field notes and other documents in BHL’s vast collection… This partnership allows us to continue our research into game crowdsourcing for humanities applications, the focus of our on-going work with the Metadata Games project. We aim to use our experience from Metadata Games to assist the BHL in expanding access to its collections through play. ”
Date: 7/21/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/tiltfactor-selected-for-missouri-botanical-gardens-purposeful-gaming-grant/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

PLAY, TAG, CONNECT! TILTFACTOR ANNOUNCES COLLABORATION WITH THE BRITISH LIBRARY ON METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: PLAY, TAG, CONNECT! TILTFACTOR ANNOUNCES COLLABORATION WITH THE BRITISH LIBRARY ON METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Dartmouth College’s Tiltfactor, an interdisciplinary innovation studio dedicated to designing and studying games for social impact, has announced a newcollaboration with the British Library on three new games: Ships Tag, Book Tag, and Portrait Tag. Each game provides the public with an opportunity to not only explore but also add to what we know about images from the British Library’s collection.”
Date: 6/18/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/play-tag-connect-tiltfactor-announces-collaboration-with-the-british-library-on-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

STUPID ROBOT ARRIVES! (Blog Post)
Title: STUPID ROBOT ARRIVES!
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “This past week marked the launch of our brand new game in the Metadata Games project: Stupid Robot. In this quick and easy arcade game, players score points by teaching the adorable robot words about the image they are presented with. Players strive to teach it one word of each length, 4-letters long to 10-letters long – but there’s a catch! Stupid Robot doesn’t know every word; it only knows words that other players have already taught it.”
Date: 5/30/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/stupid-robot-arrives/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

METADATA GAMES TAG EVENT: MAY DAY! MAY DAY! (Blog Post)
Title: METADATA GAMES TAG EVENT: MAY DAY! MAY DAY!
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Tiltfactor is proud to announce a new collaboration with the British Library! To celebrate, Tiltfactor’s Metadata Games project will launch the new tagging game Ships Tag as part of a tag event called May Day! May Day! starting midnight on May 1st. The collaboration between the British Library and Tiltfactor presents an innovative way for public users to explore and tag the British Library’ collection of over a million public domain images which were posted onto Flickr Commons in December 2013. By playing Ships Tag, players produce in-game tags which directly contribute to the Library’s content knowledge. This not only helps the British Library augment its metadata, but it also greatly expands the collection’s accessibility for public research, reuse, and repurposing. The entire collection, whose subjects range from intricate maps, geological diagrams, charts, illustrations, landscapes and more, is an amazing opportunity for players to be a part of the process of organizing this vast online collection.”
Date: 4/25/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/metadata-games-tag-event-may-day-may-day/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

CLARK LIBRARY’S HANSON COLLECTION ADDED TO METADATA GAMES (Blog Post)
Title: CLARK LIBRARY’S HANSON COLLECTION ADDED TO METADATA GAMES
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Tiltfactor is proud to announce the addition of 4,000 new images from the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute Library to the Metadata Games platform… Clark Library’s 4,000 images come from the David A. Hanson Collection, which documents the history of photomechanical reproduction, the process by which photography is used to make plates for printwork. Photomechanical prints were a popular visual media form in the pre-film era. The collection traces the history of this process from its introduction in 1826, through the perfection of three-color printing at the beginning of the twentieth century.”
Date: 2/26/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/clark-librarys-hanson-collection-added-to-metadata-games/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

TILTFACTOR PRESENTS METADATA GAMES: MOBILE! (Blog Post)
Title: TILTFACTOR PRESENTS METADATA GAMES: MOBILE!
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: Announced the redesign of metadatagames website and new Metadata Games for both Android and iOS, which include the single-player “Pyramid Tag,” which has players race the clock to match popular tags for images; and “One Up,” a two-player game where players ‘one up’ each other with increasingly detailed tags.
Date: 1/22/2014
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/tiltfactor-presents-metadata-games-mobile/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

METADATA GAMES AT DPLAFEST (Blog Post)
Title: METADATA GAMES AT DPLAFEST
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Tiltfactor’s very own Geoff Kaufman and Max Seidman will share the latest developments in the Metadata Games project during a lightning demo and a panel centering on the theme of “creative ways to build and extend metadata.” Metadata Games is an online game system for gathering useful data on photo, audio, and moving image artifacts. Metadata Games seeks to engage those who might not visit archives to explore humanities content while contributing to vital records, and further enables archivists to gather and analyze information for image archives in powerful and innovative ways.”
Date: 10/22/2013
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/metadata-games-at-dplafest/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

RESEARCH TEAM, READY! (Blog Post)
Title: RESEARCH TEAM, READY!
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “The team is set to tackle a host of timely and provocative research questions. Here’s just a sample of them: Can a party game inspire greater interest in science and math? Do people act differently when they play a game on a board or on a digital device? How can we make sure people are thinking clearly and effectively, no matter what platform a game is in? How can we inspire the highest levels of participation and engagement and elicit high-quality contributions from players of a digital crowdsourcing game? Can a role-playing game build greater empathy, inspire new ways of thinking about social issues, and change the way players see themselves in the process? Which of the following would be the most distressing to players: disease-stricken dogs, cats, humans, or zombies? What could time-traveling scientists or ambitious princesses teach us about stereotypes and prejudice?”
Date: 9/17/2013
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/research-team-ready/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

UP ONE PROTOTPYING (Blog Post)
Title: UP ONE PROTOTPYING
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “The following is the third in a 3-part series of posts by Tiltfactor student interns. Metadata Games is a NEH-funded open source project that uses games to help crowdsource archive and library holding tags. Here, interns Andrea and Viviana briefly describe their prototyping process for designing a competitive multi-player mobile game.”
Date: 3/28/2013
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/up-one-prototyping/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

PROTOTYPING FOR THE DIGITAL WORLD (Blog Post)
Title: PROTOTYPING FOR THE DIGITAL WORLD
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “The following is the second in a 3-part series of posts by Tiltfactor student interns. Metadata Games is a NEH-funded open source project that uses games to help crowdsource archive and library holding tags. Below, interns Alannah and Rebecca briefly describe their process for designing a tag verification digital game.”
Date: 3/19/2013
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/prototyping-for-the-digital-world/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

JOE AND NICK: METADATA GAME CHALLENGE (Blog Post)
Title: JOE AND NICK: METADATA GAME CHALLENGE
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “The following is the first in a 3-part series of posts by Tiltfactor student interns describing the process of creating and testing new game prototypes for the lab’s Metadata Games project.Metadata Games is a NEH-funded, open source project that uses games to help crowdsource descriptive tags for archive and library holdings. Here, Joe outlines the design process he and fellow intern Nick devised for a new audio tagging game.”
Date: 3/13/2013
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/joe-and-nick-metadata-game-challenge/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

MEANINGFUL PLAY 2012 – RECAP (Blog Post)
Title: MEANINGFUL PLAY 2012 – RECAP
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Postdoctoral researcher Geoff recently represented Tiltfactor at the International Academic Conference on Meaningful Play, held at Michigan State University. The conference brought together over 250 attendees representing more than 10 countries, all joined in the quest of designing and studying games that aim to enlighten, educate, inform, or persuade players in significant ways. During the three-day event, Geoff attended a number of inspiring keynote talks from the likes of Kurt Squire, Constance Steinkuehler, John Ferrara, Donald Brinkman, and Michael John, and panel discussions on topics ranging from “games for health” to “games and gender… [Geoff presented] the lab’s Metadata Games project as part of a panel exploring the interface between games and data.”
Date: 11/2/2012
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/meaningful-play-2012-recap/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

TILTFACTOR LABORATORY RECEIVES NEH DIGITAL HUMANITIES IMPLEMENTATION GRANT TO EXPAND METADATA GAMES, ADD OTHER MEDIA FORMATS (Blog Post)
Title: TILTFACTOR LABORATORY RECEIVES NEH DIGITAL HUMANITIES IMPLEMENTATION GRANT TO EXPAND METADATA GAMES, ADD OTHER MEDIA FORMATS
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) has announced that Tiltfactor director Mary Flanagan is one of seven award recipients in the endowment’s inaugural Digital Humanities Implementation Grant program. The Digital Humanities Implementation grants ‘support the implementation of innovative digital humanities projects that have successfully completed a start-up phase and demonstrated their value to the field.”
Date: 7/31/2012
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/tiltfactor-laboratory-receives-neh-digital-humanities-implementation-grant-to-expand-metadata-games-add-other-media-formats/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

TILTFACTOR & DARTMOUTH COLLEGE LIBRARY LAUNCH GAME TO IDENTIFY ALUMNI (Blog Post)
Title: TILTFACTOR & DARTMOUTH COLLEGE LIBRARY LAUNCH GAME TO IDENTIFY ALUMNI
Author: Tiltfactor Staff
Abstract: “Tiltfactor Laboratory and the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College are releasing ‘Alum Tag,’ an online casual game designed to add metadata to a large collection of photographs donated by Dartmouth alumni to the college’s archives.”
Date: 7/21/2012
Primary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/tiltfactor-dartmouth-college-library-launch-game-to-identify-alumni/
Blog Title: Tiltfactor Blog
Website: Tiltfactor

Crowdsourcing of image metadata: Say what you see. (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Crowdsourcing of image metadata: Say what you see.
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: Crowdsourcing of image metadata: Say what you see. Accepted presentation at Open Repositories 2015 (OR 2015), in collaboration with University of Edinburgh (forthcoming, June 2015, Indianapolis).
Date: 6/8/2015
Primary URL: http://www.or2015.net/
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: Open Repositories 2015

Exploring the impact of ‘emphasis frames’ on player motivation and performance in a crowdsourcing game. (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Exploring the impact of ‘emphasis frames’ on player motivation and performance in a crowdsourcing game.
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Author: Mary Flanagan
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitkul
Abstract: Kaufman, G., Flanagan, M., & Punjasthitkul, S. (2014). Exploring the impact of ‘emphasis frames’ on player motivation and performance in a crowdsourcing game. Paper and Presentation In Proceedings of the 2014 Meaningful Play Conference (October, 2014, Lansing, MI).
Date: 10/16/2014
Primary URL: http://meaningfulplay.msu.edu/proceedings2014/mp2014_submission_98.pdf
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: Meaningful Play Conference 2014

Freedom at Play in Digital Games (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Freedom at Play in Digital Games
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Freedom at Play in Digital Games,” Philosophy of Computer Games 2014 Istanbul 13-15 November 2014
Date: 11/13/14
Primary URL: http://gamephilosophy2014.org/
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: The Philosophy of Computer Games 2014

Who Plays? (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Who Plays?
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Who Plays?” RE:Humanities’14: Play, Power, Production #rehum14 Haverford College April 2014
Date: 4/4/14
Conference Name: RE:Humanities'14: Play, Power, Production

Playing with your Metadata (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Playing with your Metadata
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Playing with your Metadata,” WebWise 2014, Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) Innovation Conference, Baltimore February 2014
Date: 2/10/14
Primary URL: http://chnmdev.gmu.edu/imlswebwise/
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: WebWise 2014

Making a Difference in and through Playful Design (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Making a Difference in and through Playful Design
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Making a Difference in and through Playful Design,” Computer Supported Cooperative Work Annual Conference (ACM) Baltimore February 2014
Date: 2/15/14
Conference Name: Computer Supported Cooperative Work Annual Conference 2014

Metadata Games: Enhancing metadata by harnessing the wisdom of crowds (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Metadata Games: Enhancing metadata by harnessing the wisdom of crowds
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Abstract: Metadata Games: Enhancing metadata by harnessing the wisdom of crowds. Talk presented at DPLAfest October 2013 (Simmons College, Boston, MA).
Date: 10/24/2013
Primary URL: http://dp.la/info/get-involved/dplafest/oct-2013/
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: DPLAfest 2013

Citizen archivists at play: Game design for gathering metadata for cultural heritage institutions. (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Citizen archivists at play: Game design for gathering metadata for cultural heritage institutions.
Author: Mary Flanagan
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitkul
Author: Max Seidman
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Author: Peter Carini
Abstract: Flanagan, M., Punjasthitkul, S., Seidman, M., Kaufman, G., & Carini, P. (2013). Citizen archivists at play: Game design for gathering metadata for cultural heritage institutions. Paper and presentation In Proceedings of the 2013 DiGRA Conference (August 2013, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1-13).
Date: 8/26/13
Primary URL: http://www.digra.org/digital-library/publications/citizen-archivists-at-play-game-design-for-gathering-metadata-for-cultural-heritage-institutions/
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: DiGRA 2013

Changing minds with games (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Changing minds with games
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Changing minds with games.” NSF Social Computing SoCS PI MTG Seattle WA June 2013
Date: 6/28/13
Conference Name: SoCS 2013 PI & Community Meeting

Playfully Changing Stereotypes and Biases (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Playfully Changing Stereotypes and Biases
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Playfully Changing Stereotypes and Biases,” Games, Learning and Society, Madison WI June 2013
Date: 6/12/13
Primary URL: http://press.etc.cmu.edu/content/gls-90-conference-proceedings
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: GLS Conference 9.0

Games for Health & Human Rights: Approaches and Efficacy (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Games for Health & Human Rights: Approaches and Efficacy
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Games for Health & Human Rights: Approaches and Efficacy. Salzburg Global Seminar #500, Right to Health, with the Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science and the World Bank. Salzburg Austria November 2012
Date: 11/9/12
Conference Name: Salzburg Global Seminar #500

Augmenting Artifacts through the Wisdom of Crowds (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Augmenting Artifacts through the Wisdom of Crowds
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Abstract: “Augmenting Artifacts through the Wisdom of Crowds,” Meaningful Play Conference, Michigan State University Oct 18 2012
Date: 10/18/2012
Conference Name: Meaningful Play Conference 2012

Border walks and Psychogeography (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Border walks and Psychogeography
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “Border walks and Psychogeography,” Conflux Art Festival NYC October 2012
Date: 10/20/2012
Conference Name: Conflux Art Festival 2012

Metadata Games: Engaging “citizen archivists” through the power of play (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Metadata Games: Engaging “citizen archivists” through the power of play
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: Metadata Games: Engaging “citizen archivists” through the power of play. Talk presented at the March 2015 meeting of the Federal Community of Practice for Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science (FCPCCS).
Date: 3/27/2015
Primary URL: http:///www2.epa.gov/innovation/federal-community-practice-crowdsourcing-and-citizen-science
Primary URL Description: Conference Website
Conference Name: Federal Community of Practice for Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science Meeting, March 2015

The Psychology of Games For Change (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: The Psychology of Games For Change
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: “The Psychology of Games For Change,” Association of Professional Futurists Orlando May 3 2013
Date: 5/3/13
Conference Name: Association of Professional Futurists Orlando, May 2013

Investigating the impact of ‘emphasis frames” and social loafing in a crowdsourcing game. (Article)
Title: Investigating the impact of ‘emphasis frames” and social loafing in a crowdsourcing game.
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Author: Mary Flanagan
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitkul
Abstract: With an increasing reliance on crowdsourcing games as data-gathering tools, it is imperative to understand how to motivate and sustain high levels of voluntary contribution. To this end, the present work directly compared the impact of various “emphasis frames,” highlighting distinct intrinsic motivational factors, used to describe an online game in which players provide descriptive metadata “tags” for digitized images. An initial study showed that, compared to frames emphasizing personal enjoyment or altruistic motivations, a frame emphasizing a “growing community of players” solicited significantly fewer contributions. A second study tested the hypothesis that this lower level of contribution resulted from social loafing (the tendency to exert less effort in collective tasks in which contributions are anonymous and pooled). Results revealed that, compared to a no-frame control condition, a frame emphasizing the preponderance of other players reduced contribution levels and game replay likelihood, whereas a frame emphasizing the scarcity of fellow players increased contribution and replay levels. Various strategies for counteracting social loafing in crowdsourcing contexts are discussed.
Year: 2015

By the People, For the People": Assessing the Value of Crowdsourced, User-Generated Metadata (Article)
Title: By the People, For the People": Assessing the Value of Crowdsourced, User-Generated Metadata
Author: Christina Manzo
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitkul
Author: Mary Flanagan
Abstract: Manzo, C., Kaufman, G., Punjasthitkul, S., & Flanagan, M. (2015, forthcoming). “By the People, For the People": Assessing the Value of Crowdsourced, User-Generated Metadata. Digital Humanities Quarterly.
Year: 2015
Publisher: Digital Humanities Quarterly

Metadata Games demo at City University of New York (CUNY) Games Festival (Exhibition)
Title: Metadata Games demo at City University of New York (CUNY) Games Festival
Curator: Geoff Kaufman
Abstract: Metadata Games demo at City University of New York (CUNY) Games Festival (January 2015, New York City).
Year: 2015
Primary URL: http://gamesfest2015.commons.gc.cuny.edu/

Metadata Games demo at Meaningful Play Conference (Exhibition)
Title: Metadata Games demo at Meaningful Play Conference
Curator: Max Seidman
Curator: Geoff Kaufman
Abstract: Metadata Games demo at Meaningful Play Conference (Michigan State University, Lansing, MI). October 2014
Year: 2014
Primary URL: http://meaningfulplay.msu.edu/proceedings2014/mp2014_submission_98.pdf

Metadata Games demo at BASIC at 50 Celebration (Exhibition)
Title: Metadata Games demo at BASIC at 50 Celebration
Curator: Max Seidman
Curator: Geoff Kaufman
Curator: Tiltfactor Students
Abstract: Metadata Games demo at BASIC at 50 Celebration (Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH). April 2014
Year: 2014
Primary URL: http://www.dartmouth.edu/basicfifty/today.html

Metadata Games - “Lightning Demo” presented at DPLAfest 2013 (Exhibition)
Title: Metadata Games - “Lightning Demo” presented at DPLAfest 2013
Curator: Max Seidman
Abstract: Metadata Games - “Lightning Demo” presented at DPLAfest 2013 (Northeastern University, Boston, MA). October 2013
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://dp.la/info/get-involved/dplafest/oct-2013/

Metadata Games - Game Web Application (mg-game) (Computer Program)
Title: Metadata Games - Game Web Application (mg-game)
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: Metadata Games is a Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), crowdsourcing gaming platform that consists of two web applications, a "Content" (mg-content) and "Game" (mg-game) app. Both are written in php, javascript, and html5. Both web applications are designed to be installed on a LAMP (linux, apache, mysql, php) stack web server typically used at most web hosting services. The Metadata Games Game App includes a prototype NLP framework (a bootstrapped python server) for filtering tag submissions during gameplay and afterwards. The Metadata Games platform is designed such that multiple Content Apps connect to a central Game App. The Game App stores and manages the games, registered player profiles, and submitted tags. The Game App also includes a basic, publicly accessible Search page for finding and viewing media supplied by participating Institutions (via their Content App). On the Search page, one can do keyword search for media and filter by institution, collection, or media type. The code for the games reside on the Metadata Games Game App. For each game, the Game App handles what media to pull from the Content Apps for gameplay and game data, such as game states (e.g., information about whose turn it is, which round the game is currently in, etc.) and tags submitted by players.
Year: 2012
Primary URL: https://github.com/tiltfactor/mg-game
Primary URL Description: source code for mg-game
Programming Language/Platform: Web application. Written in php, javascript, and html5. Both web applications are designed to be installed on a LAMP (linux, apache, mysql, php) stack web server typically used at most web hosting services. NLP framework is a bootstrapped python server.
Source Available?: Yes

Metadata Games - Content Web Application (mg-content) (Computer Program)
Title: Metadata Games - Content Web Application (mg-content)
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: Metadata Games is a Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), crowdsourcing gaming platform that consists of two web applications, a "Content" (mg-content) and "Game" (mg-game) app. Both are written in php, javascript, and html5. Both web applications are designed to be installed on a LAMP (linux, apache, mysql, php) stack web server typically used at most web hosting services. The Metadata Games Game App includes a prototype NLP framework (a bootstrapped python server) for filtering tag submissions during gameplay and afterwards. The Metadata Games platform is designed such that multiple Content Apps connect to a central Game App. The Metadata Games Content App is what Institutions install onto their servers to store and handle any media they want to use with a Metadata Games install. This includes importing media (images, audio, and video), as well as defining and editing media collections, collection licensing terms, and institution descriptions. Thus, institutions, via their Content App, have full control over the media they choose to release for tagging by players of the Metadata Games suite.
Year: 2012
Primary URL: https://github.com/tiltfactor/mg-content
Primary URL Description: source code for mg-content
Programming Language/Platform: Web application. Written in php, javascript, and html5. Both web applications are designed to be installed on a LAMP (linux, apache, mysql, php) stack web server typically used at most web hosting services. NLP framework is a bootstrapped python server.
Source Available?: Yes

Stupid Robot (Game/Simulation)
Title: Stupid Robot
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: Stupid Robot is a single-player browser game in which players input words and try to match a words that other players have entered previously.
Year: 2014
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#stupidrobot
Primary URL Description: Webpage for Stupid Robot
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

One Up (Game/Simulation)
Title: One Up
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: OneUp is a two-player game for iOS, Android, and web browsers. Players are shown the same image and must submit tags in a series of rounds. Points are awarded for submitting tags, with bonus points for matching words previously submitted and for not submitting tags their opponent has entered.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#oneup
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

Pyramid Tag (Game/Simulation)
Title: Pyramid Tag
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: Pyramid Tag is a single-player game for iOS and Android devices in which players have two minutes to try to match popular tags for images with a particular number of letter spaces provided. Points are awarded for matching a higher number of words of distinct length.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#pyramidtag
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

NexTag (Game/Simulation)
Title: NexTag
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: NexTag is a single-player browser game similar to Zen Tag in which players can tag audio and video files, which are presented to players in twenty-second segments.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#nextag
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

Guess What! (v2.0) (Game/Simulation)
Title: Guess What! (v2.0)
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: Guess What is a two-player game in which one player is shown an image and must provide clues to a second player, helping him or her identify the first player’s image from within a series. Points are awarded to both players based on the number of hints required for the guesser to correctly identify the image.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#guesswhat
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

Zen Tag (v2.0) (Game/Simulation)
Title: Zen Tag (v2.0)
Author: Tiltfactor
Abstract: ZenTag Tag is a single-player browser game. The game presents players with an image and invites them to describe the image with tags, separated by commas. Players are awarded points for the number of tags they submit.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org/#zentag
Programming Language/Platform: web-based game. php, html5, javascript, css (see mg-game for source code)
Source Available?: Yes

“Humanist Games: Playful Systems for Critical Thinking” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Humanist Games: Playful Systems for Critical Thinking”
Abstract: “Humanist Games: Playful Systems for Critical Thinking”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 03/15/2015
Location: Inaugural Digital Media Lecture Series, Fordham University

“Design, Research, and Play” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Design, Research, and Play”
Abstract: “Design, Research, and Play”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 03/15/2015
Location: USC Games program Documentary and Activist Games class visit, University of Southern California

“Global Interventions Through Play” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Global Interventions Through Play”
Abstract: “Global Interventions Through Play”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 03/15/2015
Location: Global Issues in Design and Visuality of the 21st Century, Parsons The New School for Design NYC

“Values at Play in Smart Technologies” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Values at Play in Smart Technologies”
Abstract: “Values at Play in Smart Technologies”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/2014
Location: University of Toronto

“Methodologies to Study Games” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Methodologies to Study Games”
Abstract: “Methodologies to Study Games”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/2014
Location: University of Toronto

“Values at Play in Designed Technology” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Values at Play in Designed Technology”
Abstract: “Values at Play in Designed Technology”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/14
Location: The New School NYC

“Experiential Learning Through Playful Research” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Experiential Learning Through Playful Research”
Abstract: “Experiential Learning Through Playful Research”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 05/15/14
Location: Princeton Club of Dartmouth Alumni

“Humanities Crowdsourcing” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Humanities Crowdsourcing”
Abstract: “Humanities Crowdsourcing”
Author: Sukie Punjasthitkul
Date: 04/15/14
Location: Crowds & Games Summit (which included a White House OSTP meeting)

“Humanist Inquiry through Critical Play: Designing and Enacting our Enduring Questions" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Humanist Inquiry through Critical Play: Designing and Enacting our Enduring Questions"
Abstract: “Humanist Inquiry through Critical Play: Designing and Enacting our Enduring Questions"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 01/15/14
Location: MIT

“Critical Design” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Critical Design”
Abstract: “Critical Design”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 12/15/13
Location: The New School for Social Research, Design and Technology Program

“Three Stories of Social Impact” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Three Stories of Social Impact”
Abstract: “Three Stories of Social Impact”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 11/15/13
Location: Comparative Media Studies MIT

“METADATA GAMES: Enhancing Metadata With the Power of Play" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “METADATA GAMES: Enhancing Metadata With the Power of Play"
Abstract: “METADATA GAMES: Enhancing Metadata With the Power of Play”
Author: Sukdith Punjasthitkul
Author: Geoff Kaufman
Date: 02/15/14
Location: Making the Most of Metadata, British Library Labs Data Days, London

“3 Stories of Social Change” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “3 Stories of Social Change”
Abstract: “3 Stories of Social Change”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/13
Location: Business Innovation Factory, Providence

“Tales of Transformation and Creative Entrepreneurship” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Tales of Transformation and Creative Entrepreneurship”
Abstract: “Tales of Transformation and Creative Entrepreneurship”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/13
Location: Trinity College, Dublin Computer Science

“Tagging your collections with Metadata Games” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Tagging your collections with Metadata Games”
Abstract: “Tagging your collections with Metadata Games,” 2nd Annual Massachusetts State Historical Records Advisory Board (MA SHRAB) Forum: Social Media and Web 2.0 for Cultural Heritage Institutions
Author: Sukie Punjasthitkul
Date: 06/17/13
Location: 2nd Annual Massachusetts State Historical Records Advisory Board (MA SHRAB) Forum: Social Media and Web 2.0 for Cultural Heritage Institutions

“Playing for Change" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Playing for Change"
Abstract: “Playing for Change"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 02/15/13
Location: Dartmouth Alumni talk, Hanover NH

"Digital Aesthetics, Gender, and Genre" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: "Digital Aesthetics, Gender, and Genre"
Abstract: "Digital Aesthetics, Gender, and Genre"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 11/15/12
Location: Gender and Genre Workshop, University of Birmingham UK

“Humanist Design" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Humanist Design"
Abstract: “Humanist Design"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 04/16/15
Location: Keynote at Georgia Tech’s Digital Media Program - Yesterday and Today

“Century of the Child” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Century of the Child”
Abstract: “Century of the Child”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 10/15/12
Location: Visiting Tourguide at MoMA with Eric Zimmerman, NYU Game Center Grad Program

“Digital Humanities and Games" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Digital Humanities and Games"
Abstract: “Digital Humanities and Games"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 10/15/12
Location: Upper Valley Alumni Panel

“Critical Play” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Critical Play”
Abstract: “Critical Play”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 10/15/12
Location: Panel at UC-Santa Cruz

“Serious Play" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Serious Play"
Abstract: “Serious Play"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/12
Location: University of Tampere Finland

“Senior Faculty Thought Leader” (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Senior Faculty Thought Leader”
Abstract: “Senior Faculty Thought Leader”
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 09/15/12
Location: Dartmouth College

“Digital Culture" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Digital Culture"
Abstract: “Digital Culture"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 08/15/12
Location: Introduction to Film, Dartmouth College

“Serious Games" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Serious Games"
Abstract: “Serious Games"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 06/22/12
Location: Woodstock Digital Media Festival

"Gaming Biases and Stereotypes" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: "Gaming Biases and Stereotypes"
Abstract: "Gaming Biases and Stereotypes"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 05/15/12
Location: Feminists in Games, York University Toronto

“Can Games Do Good?" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Can Games Do Good?"
Abstract: “Can Games Do Good?"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 05/15/12
Location: Senior Honors Program, Dartmouth College

“Art and Science" (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: “Art and Science"
Abstract: “Art and Science"
Author: Mary Flanagan
Date: 04/27/12
Location: Distinguished Lecture, Dept of Computer Science UNC, Charlotte

The Future of the Library (Conference/Institute/Seminar)
Title: The Future of the Library
Author: IMLS
Abstract: Dr. Flanagan was invited to attend a high-level meeting by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). This small meeting of approximately 40 colleagues focused on national digital initiatives and the desired impacts of federal funding for libraries.
Date Range: April 2014
Location: NYPL

crowdconsortium - website (Web Resources)
Title: crowdconsortium - website
Author: tiltfactor
Abstract: Created in association with IMLS National Forum project, crowdconsortium.org is the website for a national organization to support research and deployment of crowdsourcing for cultural heritage institutions. The aim of the Crowd Consortium is to bring together libraries, archives, and museums in order to effectively use crowdsourcing techniques to increase what we know about artifacts held in national collections and to enhance the public experience of libraries, archives, and museums. The Consortium is a forum that enables all interested stakeholders to join a national conversation about the most pressing needs and challenges regarding the development and deployment of crowdsourcing technologies in the cultural heritage domain. The Crowd Consortium initiative hosted a series of meetings and webinars to collect, examine, and share the most recent, cutting-edge technologies, tools, and platforms and accompanying best practices in the field.
Year: 2014
Primary URL: http://www.crowdconsortium.org
Primary URL Description: Website for Crowd Consortium initiative

metadatagames - website (Web Resources)
Title: metadatagames - website
Author: tiltfactor
Abstract: website for Metadata Games project.
Year: 2013
Primary URL: http://www.metadatagames.org
Primary URL Description: website for Metadata Games project.
Secondary URL: http://www.tiltfactor.org/metadata-games
Secondary URL Description: Initial Metadata Games listing on tiltfactor.org.

Beta build of Metadata Games platform (Web Resources)
Title: Beta build of Metadata Games platform
Author: tiltfactor
Abstract: Beta build of Metadata Games platform. As of March 2015, this build contains: 45 Collections from 11 Institutions 16,700+ Media items (images, audio, video) 162,800+ tags
Year: 2014
Primary URL: https://play.metadatagames.org


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