NEH logo
[Return to Query]

Products for grant PR-234235-16

PR-234235-16
Beyond Management: Data Curation as Scholarship in Archaeology
Sarah Kansa, Alexandria Archive Institute, Inc.

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=PR-234235-16

Data Beyond the Archive in Digital Archaeology: An Introduction to the Special Section (Article)
Title: Data Beyond the Archive in Digital Archaeology: An Introduction to the Special Section
Author: Sarah Whitcher Kansa
Author: Eric C. Kansa
Abstract: This special section stems from discussions that took place in a forum at the Society for American Archaeology's annual conference in 2017. The forum, Beyond Data Management: A Conversation about “Digital Data Realities”, addressed challenges in fostering greater reuse of the digital archaeological data now curated in repositories. Forum discussants considered digital archaeology beyond the status quo of “data management” to better situate the sharing and reuse of data in archaeological practice. The five papers for this special section address key themes that emerged from these discussions, including: challenges in broadening data literacy by making instructional uses of data; strategies to make data more visible, better cited, and more integral to peer-review processes; and pathways to create higher-quality data better suited for reuse. These papers highlight how research data management needs to move beyond mere “check-box” compliance for granting requirements. The problems and proposed solutions articulated by these papers help communicate good practices that can jumpstart a virtuous cycle of better data creation leading to higher impact reuses of data.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/aap.2018.7
Primary URL Description: Publisher's version
Secondary URL: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2qs03103
Secondary URL Description: Author's self-archived version (open access)
Access Model: Subscription, but author's self-archived version is available open access
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Advances in Archaeological Practice
Publisher: Society for American Archaeology

Beyond the Archive: Bridging Data Creation and Reuse in Archaeology (Article)
Title: Beyond the Archive: Bridging Data Creation and Reuse in Archaeology
Author: Ixchel Faniel
Author: Anne Austin
Author: Eric Kansa
Author: Sarah Whitcher Kansa
Author: Phoebe France
Author: Jennifer Jacobs
Author: Ran Boytner
Author: Elizabeth Yakel
Abstract: This article presents research on archaeological data creation and management practices at two excavations in Europe in order to gain a better understanding of how to align these practices with the data reuse needs of a broader research community. The Secret Life of Data project follows the life cycle of data from the field to the digital repository to better understand opportunities and challenges in data interpretation, publication, and preservation. Our “Slow Data” approach focuses not on maximizing the speed and quantity of data but, rather, on emphasizing curation, contextualization, communication, and broader understanding. Through a mixed-methods approach of interviews, field observations, and excavation data assessments, we recommended changes (both technical and organizational) to improve data creation and management practices. We report our findings and offer readers guidance on streamlining data collection for reuse during excavation.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/aap.2018.2
Primary URL Description: Publisher's version
Secondary URL: https://www.oclc.org/research/publications/all/beyond-the-archive-data-creation-reuse.html
Secondary URL Description: Author's self-archived version (open access)
Access Model: Subscription, but author's self-archived version is available open access
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Advances in Archaeological Practice
Publisher: Society for American Archaeology

Considering Communities of Practice throughout the Data Lifecycle (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Considering Communities of Practice throughout the Data Lifecycle
Author: Sarah Whitcher Kansa
Author: Ixchel Faniel
Author: Anne Austin
Author: Eric Kansa
Author: Phoebe France
Author: Jennifer Jacobs
Author: Ran Boytner
Author: Elizabeth Yakel
Abstract: The use of digital tools for data creation and presentation is pervasive in archaeology, and data preservation and dissemination is becoming common practice. Still, few archaeologists consider the life of their data beyond their own research purposes. This lack of broader consideration of the future uses of a dataset means that many researchers do not sufficiently describe their data to make it intelligible or useful to others, which risks filling repositories with data of very limited use. We present findings from the Secret Life of Data (SLO-data) project, which aims to better understand opportunities and challenges in data interpretation, publication and preservation by following the lifecycle of data from the field to the digital repository. The project’s “slow data” approach emphasizes the need for thoughtful consideration of archaeological data, taking into account its curation, contextualization, and dissemination, as well as how it can contribute to broader understanding now and in the future. We share results from interviews, field observations, and excavation data assessments that our team has conducted at four field sites in three continents. We recommended technical and organizational changes to streamline data collection and management during excavations that will help improve its potential for future use.
Date: 04/12/2018
Conference Name: Society for American Archaeology

Beyond Data Management: A Conversation about “Digital Data Realities” (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Beyond Data Management: A Conversation about “Digital Data Realities”
Author: Sarah Whitcher Kansa
Author: Eric Kansa
Abstract: In a recent "Introspective Digital Archaeology" blog post,Jeremy Huggett asked frank questions about the feasibility of reusing data that archaeologists archive in digital repositories (https://introspectivedigitalarchaeology.wordpress.com/2016/06/29/digital-data-realities/). Despite years of investment in high-profile digital archive programs,data still sees little reuse. Huggett asks whether data are still too siloed, with too little linking for effective discovery and reuse. If so, what measures can we take to better capitalize on research data management so that data reuse becomes more commonplace? Forum discussants will consider digital archaeology beyond the current status quo of “data management” to better situate the sharing and reuse of data in archaeological practice. Within this theme, the panel will discuss data stewardship and preservation, new pathways for interpretation and science, the place of "big data" in archaeology, public engagement, transparency, public policy,compliance, and improving digital literacy. How do we envision the future of digital archaeological data and what ethical implications should we consider? Given the realities of funding and the structure of academic institutions, are these visions realistic?If so, what do we need to do to get there? If not, how can we adjust our visions to fit with these digital data realities?
Date: 03/31/2017
Primary URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20180504215308/https://storify.com/skansa/digital-realities
Primary URL Description: An archived Storify of tweets from the forum.
Secondary URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/advances-in-archaeological-practice/issue/0E42182312FF97D724012F0CCA9E0993
Secondary URL Description: A special section of the May 2018 issue of the journal Advances in Archaeological Practice contains six papers that resulted from this forum.
Conference Name: Society for American Archaeology

A Reality Check: The Impact of Open Data in Archaeology (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: A Reality Check: The Impact of Open Data in Archaeology
Author: Anne Austin
Author: Eric Kansa
Author: Ixchel Faniel
Author: Sarah Whitcher Kansa
Author: Ran Boytner
Author: Jennifer Jacobs
Author: Phoebe France
Abstract: Paper presented at the Computer Applications in Archaeology conference (Atlanta, GA)
Date: 03/15/2017
Conference Name: Computer Applications in Archaeology

Critical Perspectives on the Practice of Digital Archaeology (Conference/Institute/Seminar)
Title: Critical Perspectives on the Practice of Digital Archaeology
Author: Eric Kansa
Abstract: The creation, management, sharing, and preservation of digital data and media have gained great prominence in archaeological research, grant making, policy making, and software and systems development. Digital data has much promise. It can help us engage with wider communities, explore new research questions, and create and preserve a vastly enriched body of archaeological documentation. Digital data also has a certain glamor, gained in large part through its associations with the burgeoning tech industry. However, does our celebration of speed, efficiency, precision and innovation sometimes make technology a superficial distraction rather than a substantive means toward learning? How do we encourage more meaningful intellectual engagement with new media as they transform archaeology? This conference represents an opportunity to take stock and more thoughtfully consider how our embracement of digital technologies is transforming archaeological practice. (This was a one-day conference organized by Organized by Rowan Flad, Chair of the Standing Committee on Archaeology, Harvard University & Eric Kansa, Program Director, Open Context.)
Date Range: 02/03/2017
Location: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Primary URL: https://archaeology.harvard.edu/critical-perspectives-practice-digital-archaeology
Primary URL Description: Conference overview and list of speakers.
Secondary URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20180504220514/https://storify.com/skansa/critdigarch
Secondary URL Description: Archived Storify with tweets and videos of the presentations.


Permalink: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/products.aspx?gn=PR-234235-16