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Products for Grant PR-50013-08

PR-50013-08
The Dynamic Lexicon: Cyberinfrastructure and the Automatic Analysis of Historical Languages
Gregory Crane, Tufts University

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=PR-50013-08

Building a Dynamic Lexicon from a Digital Library (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Building a Dynamic Lexicon from a Digital Library
Author: Gregory Crane
Author: David Bamman
Abstract: We describe here in detail our work toward creating a dynamic lexicon from the texts in a large digital library. By leveraging a small structured knowledge source (a 30,457 word treebank), we are able to extract selectional preferences for words from a 3.5 million word Latin corpus. This is promising news for low-resource languages and digital collections seeking to leverage a small human investment into much larger gain. The library architecture in which this work is developed allows us to query customized subcorpora to report on lexical usage by author, genre or era and allows us to continually update the lexicon as new texts are added to the collection.
Date: 06/01/08
Primary URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1378889.1378892
Primary URL Description: A link to the final version of this paper published in the ACM Digital Library.
Secondary URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10427/42686
Secondary URL Description: A link to a preprint of this paper deposited into the Tufts Digital Library.
Conference Name: Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

Measuring Historical Word Sense Variation (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Measuring Historical Word Sense Variation
Author: Gregory Crane
Author: David Bamman
Abstract: We describe here a method for automatically identifying word sense variation in a dated collection of historical books in a large digital library. By leveraging a small set of known translation book pairs to induce a bilingual sense inventory and labeled training data for a WSD classifier, we are able to automatically classify the Latin word senses in a 389 million word corpus and track the rise and fall of those senses over a span of two thousand years. We evaluate the performance of seven different classifiers both in a tenfold test on 83,892 words from the aligned parallel corpus and on a smaller, manually annotated sample of 525 words, measuring both the overall accuracy of each system and how well that accuracy correlates (via mean square error) to the observed historical variation.
Date: 06/01/11
Primary URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1998076.1998078
Primary URL Description: A link to the final published version in the ACM Digital Library database.
Secondary URL: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/publications/bamman-11.pdf
Secondary URL Description: A link to a preprint of this paper on the Perseus Digital Library website.
Conference Name: JCDL '11 Proceedings of the 11th annual international ACM/IEEE joint conference on Digital libraries

The Ancient Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanks (Book Section)
Title: The Ancient Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanks
Author: Gregory Crane
Author: David Bamman
Editor: Kalliopi Zervanou
Editor: Caroline Sporleder
Editor: Antal Bosch
Abstract: This paper describes the development, composition, and several uses of the Ancient Greek and Latin Dependency Treebanks, large collections of Classical texts in which the syntactic, morphological and lexical information for each word is made explicit. To date, over 200 individuals from around the world have collaborated to annotate over 350,000 words, including the entirety of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, Sophocles’ Ajax, all of the extant works of Hesiod and Aeschylus, and selections from Caesar, Cicero, Jerome, Ovid, Petronius, Propertius, Sallust and Vergil. While perhaps the most straightforward value of such an annotated corpus for Classical philology is the morphosyntactic searching it makes possible, it also enables a large number of downstream tasks as well, such as inducing the syntactic behavior of lexemes and automatically identifying similar passages between texts.
Year: 2011
Primary URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20227-8_5
Primary URL Description: Link to final published version in SpringerLink.
Secondary URL: http://nlp.perseus.tufts.edu/docs/latech.pdf
Secondary URL Description: Link to open access version on the Perseus Digital Library website.
Access Model: Open access copy is available.
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Book Title: Language Technology for Cultural Heritage
ISBN: 978-3-642-2022

Transferring Structural Markup Across Translations Using Multilingual Alignment and Projection (Conference Paper/Presentation) [show prizes]
Title: Transferring Structural Markup Across Translations Using Multilingual Alignment and Projection
Author: David Bamman
Author: Alison Babeu
Author: Gregory Crane
Abstract: We present here a method for automatically projecting structural information across translations, including canonical citation structure (such as chapters and sections), speaker information, quotations, markup for people and places, and any other element in TEI-compliant XML that delimits spans of text that are linguistically symmetrical in two languages. We evaluate this technique on two datasets, one containing perfectly transcribed texts and one containing errorful OCR, and achieve an accuracy rate of 88.2% projecting 13,023 XML tags from source documents to their transcribed translations, with an 83.6% accuracy rate when projecting to texts containing uncorrected OCR. This approach has the potential to allow a highly granular multilingual digital library to be bootstrapped by applying the knowledge contained in a small, heavily curated collection to a much larger but unstructured one.
Date: 06/01/10
Primary URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1816123.1816126
Primary URL Description: A link to the final published version of this paper in the ACM Digital Library.
Secondary URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10427/70398
Secondary URL Description: A link to an archived version of this paper in the Tufts Digital Library.
Conference Name: JCDL '10 Proceedings of the 10th annual joint conference on Digital libraries

An Ownership Model of Annotation: The Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: An Ownership Model of Annotation: The Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank
Author: David Bamman
Author: Francesco Mambrini
Author: Gregory Crane
Abstract: We describe here the first release of the Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank (AGDT), a 190,903-word syntactically annotated corpus of literary texts including the works of Hesiod, Homer and Aeschylus. While the far larger works of Hesiod and Homer (142,705 words) have been annotated under a standard treebank production method of soliciting annotations from two independent reviewers and then reconciling their differences, we also put forth with Aeschylus (48,198 words) a new model of treebank production that draws on the methods of classical philology to take into account the personal responsibility of the annotator in the publication and ownership of a “scholarly” treebank.
Date: 11/01/2009
Primary URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10427/70399
Primary URL Description: Link to copy of paper deposited in Tufts Digital Archive.
Conference Name: ighth International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories Conference (TLT-8)

Extracting Two Thousand Years of Latin from a Million Book Library (Article)
Title: Extracting Two Thousand Years of Latin from a Million Book Library
Author: David Bamman
Author: David Smith
Abstract: With the rise of large open digitization projects such as the Internet Archive and Google Books, we are witnessing an explosive growth in the number of source texts becoming available to researchers in historical languages. The Internet Archive alone contains over 27,014 texts catalogued as Latin, including classical prose and poetry written under the Roman Empire, ecclesiastical treatises from the Middle Ages, and dissertations from 19th-century Germany written - in Latin - {on the philosophy of Hegel. At one billion words, this collection eclipses the extant corpus of Classical Latin by several orders of magnitude. In addition, the much larger collection of books in English, German, French, and other languages already scanned contains unknown numbers of translations for many Latin books, or parts of books. The sheer scale of this collection o ffers a broad vista of new research questions, and we focus here on both the opportunities and challenges of computing over such a large space of heterogeneous texts. The works in this massive collection do not constitute a nearly curated (or much less balanced) corpus of Latin; it is, instead, simply all the Latin that can be extracted, and in its reach of twenty-one centuries (from ca. 200 BCE to 1922 CE) arguably spans the greatest historical distance of any major textual collection today. While we might hope that the size and historical reach of this collection can eventually o er insight into grand questions such as the evolution of a language over both time and space, we must contend as well with the noise inherent in a corpus that has been assembled with minimal human intervention.
Year: 2012
Primary URL: http://nlp.perseus.tufts.edu/docs/etc/jocch.pdf
Primary URL Description: This paper is currently under review and should be published in 2012.
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of Computing and Cultural Heritage

The Dynamic Lexicon (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: The Dynamic Lexicon
Author: David Bamman
Abstract: The published form of the Dynamic Lexicon includes automatically generated lexical entries along with the underlying intermediate analysis used to generate them (including word-level alignments between source texts and their translations, and automatic morphological tagging and syntactic analysis for the Greek and Latin originals).
Year: 2011
Primary URL: http://nlp.perseus.tufts.edu/lexicon/
Primary URL Description: A description of the Dynamic Lexicon and downloads of the data.
Access Model: All data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike license.


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