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Products for grant RA-259220-18

RA-259220-18
Long-term Research Fellowships at the American Center of Oriental Research
Barbara Porter, American Center of Oriental Research

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RA-259220-18

“I am We”: The Display of Socioeconomic Politics of Neolithic Commodification (Book Section)
Title: “I am We”: The Display of Socioeconomic Politics of Neolithic Commodification
Author: Rollefson, Gary
Editor: M. Benz, T. Watkins and H.G.K. Gebel
Abstract: Competition for resources (arable land, pasturage) within settled farming populations became increasingly intensive as those populations grew. One strong measure to reduce the tensions that might lead to conflicts over such commodified aspects of the environment was the development of corporate kinship groups that established exclusive access to certain land parcels (among other resources) to their members; abiotic resources were also claimed exclusively, such as names, symbols, and myths. A cor-related development was the expression of corporate identities, signs that distinguished one corporate group from all others. While many of those signs may have been lost to prehistorians, others have survived. The site of ‘Ain Ghazal provides good evidence of such corporate identities as reflected in architectural clustering and ritual practices, particularly during the Middle PPNB (MPPNB) and Late PPNB (LPPNB) periods.
Year: 2018
Publisher: ex oriente
Book Title: The Construction of Neolithic Corporate Identities
ISBN: 9783944178110

The Lower and Middle Paleolithic of the Southern Levant (Book Section)
Title: The Lower and Middle Paleolithic of the Southern Levant
Author: Rollefson, Gary
Editor: A. Yasur-Landau, E. Cline and Y. Rowan
Abstract: The early evolution of human ancestry occurred in Africa, and sometime near the Plio-Pleistocene boundary members of Homo erectus grade first ventured outside the African continent. The migration must have passed through southwestern Asia, marking the beginning of a long and gradual evolution both physically and culturally in what is today the southern Levant. Although evidence for the earliest emergence into the region is rare, recent advances in chronometric dating have placed the changing trajectories of both cultural and physical evolution on firmer foundations. The ensuing developments have become more numerous, continuous, and understandable during the Lower and Middle Paleolithic periods through the disappearance of Archaic Homo sapiens at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic, some 45,000 years ago.
Year: 2019
Publisher: Cambridge University
Book Title: The Social Archaeology of the Levant: From Prehistory to the Present
ISBN: 9781316661468

At the Core of the Matter: Aspects of Late Neolithic Lithic Production at Wisad Pools, Black Desert, Jordan (Book Section)
Title: At the Core of the Matter: Aspects of Late Neolithic Lithic Production at Wisad Pools, Black Desert, Jordan
Author: Rollefson, Gary
Editor: S. Nakamura, T. Adachi and M. Abe
Abstract: The Eastern Badia Archaeological Project (EBAP) began in- tensive investigation of two sites in the basalt ?elds of Jordan’s panhandle in 2008 (Fig. 1). Surveys [Rollefson et al. 2014; Rowan et al. 2014] and subsequent excavations were undertaken at the southwestern edge of the basalt in the Wadi al-Qattafi, located about 60 km ESE of North Azraq [Rollefson et al. 2017] and at Wisad Pools, an additional 60 km east of Qattafi at the eastern edge of the harra [Rollefson et al. 2011; Rowan et al. 2015]. While the EBAP investigations at both sites are continuing, sufficient samples of stone tool production allow for a preliminary interpretation of the lithic technology and behavior of the residents of these sites that spanned more than a millennium (~6,600-5400 calBC) during the Late Neolithic period. Cores provide basic insights into how strategies of core reduction affect the production of blanks and tools and how these strategies may have evolved over time [e.g. Barket 2016:306-307]. That is the focus of this study: examining patterns of lithic production by looking at cores recovered from structures W-66 [cf. Rollefson et al. 2012] and from W-80 [Rollefson et al. 2015] at Wisad Pools.
Year: 2019
Publisher: Rokuichi Shobou
Book Title: Decades in Deserts: Essays on Western Asia Archaeology in Honor of Sumio Fujii
ISBN: 9784864451116

Tumultuous Times in the Eighth and Seventh Millennia BC in the Southern Levant (Book Section)
Title: Tumultuous Times in the Eighth and Seventh Millennia BC in the Southern Levant
Author: Rollefson, Gary
Editor: A. Marcianiak
Abstract: The second half of the seventh millennium BC saw the demise of the previously affluent and dynamic Neolithic way of life. The period is marked by significant social and economic transformations of local communities, as manifested in a new spatial organization, patterns of architecture, burial practices, and in chipped stone and pottery manufacture. This volume has three foci. The first concerns the character of these changes in different parts of the Near East with a view to placing them in a broader comparative perspective. The second concerns the social and ideological changes that took place at the end of Neolithic and the beginning of the Chalcolithic that help to explain the disintegration of constitutive principles binding the large centers, the emergence of a new social system, as well as the consequences of this process for the development of full-fledged farming communities in the region and beyond. The third concerns changes in lifeways: subsistence strategies, exploitation of the environment, and, in particular, modes of procurement, consumption, and distribution of different resources.
Year: 2019
Publisher: Lockwood
Book Title: Concluding the Neolithic. The Near East in the Second Half of the Seventh Millennium BC
ISBN: 1937040836


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