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Products for grant RA-259260-18

RA-259260-18
Long-term Research Fellowships at the National Humanities Center
Tania Munz, National Humanities Center

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RA-259260-18

Shakesplish: How We Read Shakespeare’s Language (Book)
Title: Shakesplish: How We Read Shakespeare’s Language
Author: Blank, Paula
Abstract: For all that we love and admire Shakespeare, he is not that easy to grasp. He may have written in Elizabethan English, but when we read him, we can't help but understand his words, metaphors, and syntax in relation to our own. Until now, explaining the powers and pleasures of the Bard's language has always meant returning it to its original linguistic and rhetorical contexts. Countless excellent studies situate his unusual gift for words in relation to the resources of the English of his day. They may mention the presumptions of modern readers, but their goal is to correct and invalidate any false impressions. Shakesplish is the first book devoted to our experience as modern readers of Early Modern English. Drawing on translation theory and linguistics, Paula Blank argues that for us, Shakespeare's language is a hybrid English composed of errors in comprehension—and that such errors enable, rather than hinder, some of the pleasures we take in his language. Investigating how and why it strikes us, by turns, as beautiful, funny, sexy, or smart, she shows how, far from being the fossilized remains of an older idiom, Shakespeare's English is also our own.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=24267
Primary URL Description: publisher's website
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 9780804791939

Ethnicity and Race in African Thought (Book Section)
Title: Ethnicity and Race in African Thought
Author: Glassman, Jonathon
Editor: Worger, William
Editor: Ambler, Charles
Editor: Achebe, Nwando
Abstract: A Companion to African History embraces the diverse regions, subject matter, and disciplines of the African continent, while also providing chronological and geographical coverage of basic historical developments. Two dozen essays by leading international scholars explore the challenges facing this relatively new field of historical enquiry and present the dynamic ways in which historians and scholars from other fields such as archaeology, anthropology, political science, and economics are forging new directions in thinking and research.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://www.wiley.com/en-us/A+Companion+to+African+History-p-9781119063506
Primary URL Description: book publisher's website
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Book Title: A Companion to African History
ISBN: 978-1-119-0635

Salerno’s Lombard Prince: Johannes ‘Abbas de Curte’ as Medical Practitioner (Article)
Title: Salerno’s Lombard Prince: Johannes ‘Abbas de Curte’ as Medical Practitioner
Author: Glaze, Florence E.
Abstract: This paper examines the state of medical learning and practitioner identity at the time Constantine the African arrived in Salerno, Italy. The author utilizes surviving early manuscripts of medical texts, documentary evidence, regional chronicles, and early Salernitan antidotaria to frame the identity and activity of a renowned practitioner, a member of the Lombard princely family, who continued after the Norman conquest to work as a practitioner and health administrator, and to serve both the region and the Norman-Lombard leadership. The author concludes that pharmacy, particularly interests in exotic substances from the East, was one of the driving forces behind the transformation of medicine in the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://brill.com/abstract/journals/esm/23/3/article-p177_1.xml
Primary URL Description: Article on journal's website
Access Model: Subscription only
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Early Science and Medicine
Publisher: Brill

Buying Gay: How Physique Entrepreneurs Sparked a Movement (Book)
Title: Buying Gay: How Physique Entrepreneurs Sparked a Movement
Author: Johnson, David K.
Abstract: In 1951, a new type of publication appeared on newsstands—the physique magazine produced by and for gay men. For many men growing up in the 1950s and 1960s, these magazines and their images and illustrations of nearly naked men, as well as articles, letters from readers, and advertisements, served as an initiation into gay culture. The publishers behind them were part of a wider world of “physique entrepreneurs”: men as well as women who ran photography studios, mail-order catalogs, pen-pal services, book clubs, and niche advertising for gay audiences. Such businesses have often been seen as peripheral to the gay political movement. In this book, David K. Johnson shows how gay commerce was not a byproduct but rather an important catalyst for the gay rights movement. Offering a vivid look into the lives of physique entrepreneurs and their customers, and presenting a wealth of illustrations, Buying Gay explores the connections—and tensions—between the market and the movement. With circulation rates many times higher than the openly political “homophile” magazines, physique magazines were the largest gay media outlets of their time. This network of producers and consumers helped foster a gay community and upend censorship laws, paving the way for open expression. Physique entrepreneurs were at the center of legal struggles, especially against the U.S. Post Office, including the court victory that allowed full-frontal male nudity and open homoeroticism. Buying Gay reconceives the history of the gay rights movement and shows how consumer culture helped create community and a site for resistance.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: https://cup.columbia.edu/book/buying-gay/9780231189101
Primary URL Description: Publisher's website
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 9780231189101

Nostalgia for the Future: Modernism and Heterogeneity in the Visual Arts of Nazi Germany (Book)
Title: Nostalgia for the Future: Modernism and Heterogeneity in the Visual Arts of Nazi Germany
Author: Maertz, Gregory
Abstract: From the early years of the Weimar Republic until the collapse of Hitler’s regime, demonizing modernist art as a symptom of the corruption of German culture was a standard trope in National Socialist propaganda. But how consistent and thorough was Nazi censorship of modernist artists? Maertz’s pioneering research unearths the persistence of recognizable modernist styles in painting and sculpture produced under the patronage of the Nazi Party and German government institutions, even after the infamous 1937 purge of “degenerate art” from state-funded museums. In the first chapter on Hitler’s advocacy for “eugenic” figurative representation embodying Nazi nostalgia for lost Aryan racial perfection and the aspiration for the future perfection of the German Volk, and in the second chapter on the appropriation of Christian iconography in constructing symbols of a Nazi racial utopia, Maertz conclusively proves that the Nazi attack on modernism was inconsistent. In further chapters, demonstrating Baldur von Schirach’s heretical patronage of modernist art as the supreme Nazi Party authority in Vienna and the German military’s unlikely function as an incubator of modernist art, Maertz reveals that the sponsorship of modernist artists continued until the collapse of the regime. Also based on previously unexamined evidence, including 10,000 works of art confiscated by the U.S. Army, Maertz’s final chapter reconstructs the anarchic denazification and rehabilitation of German artists during the Allied occupation, which had unforeseen consequences for the postwar art world.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: https://cup.columbia.edu/book/nostalgia-for-the-future/9783838212814
Primary URL Description: Publisher's website
Publisher: Ibidem Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 9783838212814

A Poetic Record of the Rajput Rebellion, c. 1680 (Article)
Title: A Poetic Record of the Rajput Rebellion, c. 1680
Author: Talbot, Cyntha
Abstract: Through comparison of three poetic texts describing the career of Rana Raj Singh of Mewar (r. 1652–1680), this paper demonstrates how representations of Aurangzeb could vary dramatically even when they were produced for the same Rajput court. Much of the paper focuses on Raj-vilas, a vernacular-language work with a lengthy account of conflict between Aurangzeb and the Rajput lords of Marwar and Mewar. Raj-vilas is also noteworthy for its negative portrayal of the Mughal emperor, whom it castigates as a wicked killer of kin who was duplicitous and vengeful. Sometimes thought to be modern constructions, the criticisms of Aurangzeb found in Raj-vilas reveal that certain ideas about Indian historical figures have continued to be deployed and repurposed over the centuries. Yet Rajput views during Aurangzeb's lifetime were not uniformly unfavourable, as the Sanskrit texts Raja-ratnakara and Raja-prasasti attest. Although these two works resembled Raj-vilas in covering the reign of Rana Raj Singh and were written at roughly the same time, they cast Aurangzeb in a considerably more positive light. This difference can be attributed to the fluctuating political relationship between the Mughal empire and the Mewar kingdom in the decade between 1677 and 1687, underscoring the need to carefully identify the historical contexts within which representations of Aurangzeb were produced and circulated.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-the-royal-asiatic-society/article/poetic-record-of-the-rajput-rebellion-c-1680/36EE4BDBCF53E09D5E5D75D18EE98BB8
Primary URL Description: Article on journal website
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Posthuman Policies for Creative, Smart, Eco-Cities? Case Studies from China (Article)
Title: Posthuman Policies for Creative, Smart, Eco-Cities? Case Studies from China
Author: Visser, Robin
Abstract: Policies promoting creative, smart, sustainable cities continue to dominate global urban policy scripts. This article explores how posthuman assumptions embedded in such scripts render the socially embodied human invisible and analyzes cases of their rationalization and enactment within China. The article concludes that understandings of creativity in Chinese urban aesthetics expose premises of globally promoted urban policy scripts more transparently than those informed by European aesthetic traditions. The Chinese city is understood to manifest the creative obsessions of humans rather than to actualize a transcendent, idealized vision separate from that of its human creators. This resembles Guy Debord’s idea that what we see in the world—how the world is architected—is a materialization of triumphant ideologies. The contemporary Chinese city, incentivized by the entrepreneurial state, makes visible Debord’s globally dominant “integrated spectacular.” Once creativity and intelligence are rationalized, the autonomous “creative,” “smart,” “eco” city is branded in a global supply chain of city production. Consequently, the posthuman city need not account for the conditions under which embodied humans are actually inspired to create and adequately compensated for their creations. Rather than attributing the failure of posthuman policies in Chinese cities to Chinese exceptionalism, these cases expose universal fault lines in the policies themselves.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0308518X18765481
Primary URL Description: Article on journal's website
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space
Publisher: Sage

The Teahouse Under Socialism: The Decline and Renewal of Public Life in Chengdu, 1950-2000 (Book)
Title: The Teahouse Under Socialism: The Decline and Renewal of Public Life in Chengdu, 1950-2000
Author: Wang, Di
Abstract: To understand a city fully, writes Di Wang, we must observe its most basic units of social life. In The Teahouse under Socialism, Wang does just that, arguing that the teahouses of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, are some of the most important public spaces—perfect sites for examining the social and economic activities of everyday Chinese. Wang looks at the transformation of these teahouses from private businesses to collective ownership and how state policy and the proprietors’ response to it changed the overall economic and social structure of the city. He uses this transformation to illuminate broader trends in China’s urban public life from 1950 through the end of the Cultural Revolution and into the post-Mao reform era. In doing so, The Teahouse under Socialism charts the fluctuations in fortune of this ancient cultural institution and analyzes how it survived, and even thrived, under bleak conditions. Throughout, Wang asks such questions as: Why and how did state power intervene in the operation of small businesses? How was "socialist entertainment" established in a local society? How did the well-known waves of political contestation and struggle in China change Chengdu’s teahouses and public life? In the end, Wang argues, the answers to such questions enhance our understanding of public life and political culture in the Communist state.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: http://www.cornellpress.cornell.edu/book/?GCOI=80140104437250
Primary URL Description: Publisher's website
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 1501715488

The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke (Book) [show prizes]
Title: The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke
Author: Stewart, Jeffrey C.
Abstract: A tiny, fastidiously dressed man emerged from Black Philadelphia around the turn of the century to mentor a generation of young artists including Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Jacob Lawrence and call them the New Negro -- the creative African Americans whose art, literature, music, and drama would inspire Black people to greatness. In The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke, Jeffrey C. Stewart offers the definitive biography of the father of the Harlem Renaissance, based on the extant primary sources of his life and on interviews with those who knew him personally. He narrates the education of Locke, including his becoming the first African American Rhodes Scholar and earning a PhD in philosophy at Harvard University, and his long career as a professor at Howard University. Locke also received a cosmopolitan, aesthetic education through his travels in continental Europe, where he came to appreciate the beauty of art and experienced a freedom unknown to him in the United States. And yet he became most closely associated with the flowering of Black culture in Jazz Age America and his promotion of the literary and artistic work of African Americans as the quintessential creations of American modernism. In the process he looked to Africa to find the proud and beautiful roots of the race. Shifting the discussion of race from politics and economics to the arts, he helped establish the idea that Black urban communities could be crucibles of creativity. Stewart explores both Locke's professional and private life, including his relationships with his mother, his friends, and his white patrons, as well as his lifelong search for love as a gay man.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://global.oup.com/academic
Primary URL Description: Publisher's website
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 9780195089578


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