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Products for grant RA-259286-18

RA-259286-18
Long-term Research Fellowships at the American Research Institute in Turkey
C. Brian Rose, American Research Institute in Turkey

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RA-259286-18

From Graveyards to the ‘People’s Gardens’: the Making of Public Leisure Space in Istanbul (Book Section)
Title: From Graveyards to the ‘People’s Gardens’: the Making of Public Leisure Space in Istanbul
Author: Berin Gölönü
Editor: Güldem Baykal Büyüksaraç
Editor: Derya Özkan
Abstract: This article focuses on the history of recreational sites in the Taksim area of Istanbul, from their use in the late nineteenth century through their transformation over time. It argues for the importance of preserving historic recreation sites that carry significance for urban residents as spaces where individual and collective social histories have played out. The site that is now termed Taksim Square and Gezi Park has, and continues to be, a charged site of protest where power struggles have taken place between individuals, communities and municipal powers. Most recently, in 2013, this struggle revolved around preserving the square and the park as a public space. While it is important to preserve the park and square, it is also important to lend voice to the various histories that lie buried within this site. Turkey’s dominant political leadership not only employs a neo-Ottoman aesthetic in the neo-liberal development plan for Turkey’s major cities, but it is also resurrecting symbols that represent the late-Ottoman project of modernity. This study articulates a counter-narrative to a selective preservation of late-Ottoman history to ask if and how the people’s gardens truly served the “public benefit” in the past, which publics they served, and how various communities exerted effort to acquire access to and visibility within these spaces.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: https://www.routledge.com/Commoning-the-City-Empirical-Perspectives-on-Urban-Ecology-Economics/Ozkan-Buyuksarac/p/book/9780367076566
Primary URL Description: Publisher Routledge's presentation of the book
Access Model: print and ebook
Publisher: Routledge
Book Title: Commoning the City: Empirical Perspectives on Urban Ecology, Economics, and Ethics
ISBN: 9780367076566

Ottoman Moral Entrepreneurs, Cultural Politics and Moral Citizenship in Late Ottoman Society (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Ottoman Moral Entrepreneurs, Cultural Politics and Moral Citizenship in Late Ottoman Society
Author: Melis Hafez
Abstract: This paper explores the development of deontological morality as a form of social intervention in late Ottoman society (1870s-1920). Undergoing socioeconomic and political upheavals in this period, the Ottoman public sphere was saturated with moral reform demands. This project focuses on a cohort of moralists, who took an entrepreneurial role in indigenizing a duty-centered civic morality, while criticizing state and society. Having diverse ethno-confessional (Muslim, Christian, Jewish) and ideological origins, they played a significant role in articulating clashing politico-moral visions. The language they constructed contributed significantly to the politicization of morality and moralization of citizenship in Ottoman and post-Ottoman societies.
Date: 3/30/2019
Primary URL: https://www.academia.edu/38347207/Mid-Atlantic_Ottoman_Studies_Workshop_Program_2019
Primary URL Description: Mid-Atlantic Ottoman Studies Workshop 2019, announcement and program
Conference Name: Mid-Atlantic Ottoman Studies Workshop 2019

Nativist Modernism and Cultural Difference in Turkish Republican Imagery (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Nativist Modernism and Cultural Difference in Turkish Republican Imagery
Abstract: Professor Gölönü looks at the relationship between cultural heritage practices and artistic output in the transition from the late Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic. She focuses on photographic albums, paintings, and commentaries commissioned by the 19th C. Ottoman ruler Abdulhamid II, to document early Ottoman settlements, history, and culture. She explores connections between late Ottoman artistic development and the canonization of art history. She discusses how folkloric practices, motifs, and narratives then combined with modernist aesthetics in the works of the artists of the 1930s and 1940s in Turkey and the interplay of a "nativized" cultural identity with a nationalist art history.
Author: Berin Gölönü
Date: 1/6/2020
Location: ARIT Istanbul
Primary URL: https://www.facebook.com/149955911712053/photos/a.617680451606261/3528349137206030/?type=3
Primary URL Description: Lecture publicized on Facebook page of the Friends of ARIT, Istanbul

Souvenirs of Leisure and Entertainment in the Late Ottoman Empire (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Souvenirs of Leisure and Entertainment in the Late Ottoman Empire
Abstract: Dr. Golonu discussed the production of leisure space by looking at selections of Ottoman and Turkish Republican postcard imagery held in the Duke Libraries. Golonu is currently working on a book project on Ottoman sites of leisure referred to as public gardens or "people's gardens," which were modeled after European-style urban parks. Golonu will look at how these gardens replaced older sites of leisure in Thessaloniki and Istanbul, and contextualize their imagery with Ottoman novels, newspaper columns, or memoirs of the day. As public, semi-public and social spaces, such gardens can be viewed as a symptom and cause of the modernizing changes remaking Ottoman society during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Author: Berin Golonu
Date: 9/18/2020
Location: Duke University Islamic Studies Center, Libraries, on Zoom
Primary URL: https://middleeaststudies.duke.edu/souvenirs-leisure-and-entertainment-late-ottoman-empire
Primary URL Description: Notice of Zoom lecture
Secondary URL: http://calendar.duke.edu/show?fq=id%3ACAL-2c918084-73dbbf10-0173-fcc54dd6-000064fbdemobedework%40mysite.edu
Secondary URL Description: calendar notice

Ottoman Moral Entrepreneurs: Cultural Politics and Moral Citizenship in Late Ottoman Society (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Ottoman Moral Entrepreneurs: Cultural Politics and Moral Citizenship in Late Ottoman Society
Author: Melis Hafez
Abstract: Dr. Hafez continues to scrutinize how the increasing numbers of writings on morality served as a form of modern social intervention in late Ottoman society.
Date: 4/23/2021
Primary URL: https://as.nyu.edu/neareaststudies/special-initiatives/the-ottoman-studies-lecture-series.html
Primary URL Description: New York University Near East Studies panel announcement
Secondary URL: https://networks.h-net.org/node/11419/discussions/7553851/upcoming-panel-ottoman-empire-and-global-modernisms
Secondary URL Description: H-Turk listserv notice
Conference Name: Ottoman Empire and Global Modernism(s)

Osmanlı İstanbul'unda Evlilik ve Boşanma / Marriage and Divorce in Ottoman Istanbul (Radio/Audio Broadcast or Recording)
Title: Osmanlı İstanbul'unda Evlilik ve Boşanma / Marriage and Divorce in Ottoman Istanbul
Writer: Leyla Kayhan Elbirlik
Director: Sam Dolbee
Producer: Chris Gratien
Abstract: How did couples get married and divorced in the Ottoman Empire? Leyla Kayhan Elbirlik discusses marriage and divorce cases in Ottoman Istanbul, focusing on research that she completed by examining the records of Istanbul Bab, Davud Pasha and Ahi Çelebi courts between 1755-1840. While Elbirlik's research shows that women actively use the courts in matters related to marriage, divorce and property, it also reassesses the widespread perceptions about the role of women in the Ottoman family and society.
Date: 11/30/2019
Primary URL: https://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2019/11/evlilikvebosanma.html
Primary URL Description: podcast URL, in Turkish
Access Model: open access
Format: Web

Taming the pastoral: Late Ottoman public gardens established in the ‘new style’ (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Taming the pastoral: Late Ottoman public gardens established in the ‘new style’
Author: Berin Golonu
Abstract: Starting in the year 1870 a new type of public recreation space called “people’s garden” or millet bahçesi started to take root in the Ottoman Empire’s urban centers, from the Balkans to North Africa. These formally landscaped spaces took as their inspiration the Haussmann-era Parisian promenades designed in the “English style.” Proponents of the recreation movement in Europe advocated for the establishment of public parks to give residents of industrializing cities a respite from pollution and overcrowded slums. Calls for the necessity of new public gardens were concurrently being voiced by Ottoman municipal leaders as well as members of Ottoman civic society. Unlike the sprawling Bois de Boulogne or Bois de Vincennes, however, Istanbul’s new parks occupied a much smaller footprint, especially in relation to the city’s plentiful meadows or river banks that were already in use as popular sites of recreation. Ottoman government documents, newspaper articles, and personal memoirs provide documentation of the belief that these new public gardens would promote better public health and hygiene. Yet the establishment of these public gardens were less about giving urban residents much needed access to outdoor recreation and fresh air than about serving as symbols of Istanbul’s modern urban transformation. This paper looks at textual and visual documentation of some of first public gardens built in key Ottoman cities in 1870, and contrasts them to longstanding Ottoman public recreation spaces and their aesthetic lineage. Studying Ottoman urban renewal in the late nineteenth century raises questions about public access, civic engagement, and the health of growing cities and their publics that are still relevant for urban centers caught in the grip of neoliberal transformation today.
Date: 12/03/2021
Primary URL: https://mesana.org/mymesa/meeting_program_abs.php?pid=5ba86dac21aeaf233efcb6ec1b8c17eb
Primary URL Description: conference program
Conference Name: Middle East Studies Association, annual meeting 2021

The Emotional Bond between Early Modern Ottoman Children and Parents: A Case Study of Sünbülzade Vehbi’s ‘Ideal’ Child (1700–1800) (Book Section)
Title: The Emotional Bond between Early Modern Ottoman Children and Parents: A Case Study of Sünbülzade Vehbi’s ‘Ideal’ Child (1700–1800)
Author: Leyla Kayhan Elbirlik
Editor: Fruma Zachs
Editor: Gulay Yilmaz
Abstract: How did adults, religious institutions and the state view children during the Ottoman Empire? This volume gathers specialists in the social history of the Ottoman Empire as a whole – in regions ranging from Anatolia through the Arab provinces to the Balkans, and from the 15th to the early 20th century – to respond to recent theoretical calls to recognise children as active agents in history. the author addresses family relationships in Ottoman realm in the 18th century.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-children-and-childhood-in-the-ottoman-empire.html
Primary URL Description: publisher's presentation
Access Model: book
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Book Title: Children and Childhood in the Ottoman Empire: From the 15th to the 20th Century
ISBN: 9789004468566

Neighborhood and Family Lives (Book Section)
Title: Neighborhood and Family Lives
Author: Leyla Kayhan Elbirlik
Editor: Cigdem Kafescioglu
Editor: Shirine Hamadeh
Abstract: This chapter is predominantly concerned with the 18th century without overlooking the period between the 15th and 18th centuries, so as to provide readers with a comparative perspective. The first part focuses on the nature of the early modern neighborhood with regard to kinship ties, communal relationships, and individual agency. How were Istanbul’s neighborhoods formed? What were the ties between inhabitants of neighborhoods? What kind of influence did residents have over the moral and social composition of this space? Questions regarding the religious, ethnic, economic, and social allegiances that shaped the characteristics of neighborhoods are among the chapter’s larger concerns. The institution of family formed a central part of neighborhood life.
Year: 2921
Primary URL: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004468566_014
Primary URL Description: publisher's presentation of the chapter
Secondary URL: https://brill.com/view/title/59196?contents=editorial-content
Secondary URL Description: publisher's presentation of the book
Access Model: book, partially accessible
Publisher: Brill
Book Title: A Companion to Early Modern Istanbul, Series: Brill's Companions to European History 26
ISBN: 9789004468566


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