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Products for grant RA-264490-19

RA-264490-19
Long Term Research Fellowships at the American Overseas Research Centers
Katie Jost, Council of American Overseas Research Centers

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RA-264490-19

Lankapura: The Legacy of the Ramayana in Sri Lanka (Article)
Title: Lankapura: The Legacy of the Ramayana in Sri Lanka
Author: Sree Padma
Author: Justin Henry
Abstract: The five articles which make up this special issue of South Asia explore the role of the Ramayana in Sri Lankan art, literature, religious ritual and political discourse in shaping Sinhala Buddhist and Tamil Saiva perceptions of the island’s distant past. Contributors work to answer the question as to when and how Sri Lanka came to be equated with the mythic ‘Lankapura’ of Valmiki’s epic, exploring both positive and negative portrayals of Ravana (ruler of Lanka antagonist of the Ramayana) in Sinhala and Tamil literature from the late medieval period to the present day. Authors work to account for the politicisation and historicisation of the Ramayana in twenty-first century Sri Lanka (including similarities to and differences from the contemporary Indian situation), along with the appropriation of Ravana as a Sinhala Buddhist cultural hero, and the incorporation of Vibhishana as a ‘guardian deity’ in the Sinhala Buddhist pantheon.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00856401.2019.1626127
Primary URL Description: Link to the full article through the Taylor Francis online website
Access Model: Open access
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
Publisher: South Asian Studies Association of Australia (SASAA) [Taylor Francis Online]

Searching for Mexico's Past (Blog Post)
Title: Searching for Mexico's Past
Author: Allyson M. Poska
Abstract: In this essay, Allyson M. Poska, a 2017-18 CAORC NEH Senior Research Fellow, discusses the parallels between an 18th-century smallpox outbreak in Mexico and present-day resistance to the measles vaccine in New York City.
Date: 09/26/2019
Primary URL: http://www.caorc.org/post/searching-for-mexicos-past
Primary URL Description: CAORC website blog series
Blog Title: Searching for Mexico's Past
Website: CAORC website

Singing A Great Dream: The Revolutionary Songs and Life of Khusiram Pakhrin (Film/TV/Video Broadcast or Recording) [show prizes]
Title: Singing A Great Dream: The Revolutionary Songs and Life of Khusiram Pakhrin
Writer: Bhakta Syangtan
Writer: Anna Stirr
Director: Bhakta Syangtan
Director: Anna Stirr
Producer: Anna Stirr
Producer: Bhakta Syangtan
Abstract: This film is about people’s singer, songwriter, and Maoist cultural leader Khusiram Pakhrin’s musical journey through nearly 4 decades of political movements and revolution in Nepal. This is the first film about Nepal’s revolutionary singer-songwriter Khusiram Pakhrin, and so far the only film that focuses on the songs of Nepal’s Maoist movement. From the 1980s through 2006, their live performances were often banned and rarely photographed or recorded; hence we rely on Khusiram Pakhrin and his fellow performers for oral history and rare photos and footage of underground performances.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: http://singingagreatdream.com
Primary URL Description: The film's website
Access Model: Open access
Format: Film
Format: Web

Prey Lang: Traditions, Development, and Climate Change in the Context of Collaborative Management (Report)
Title: Prey Lang: Traditions, Development, and Climate Change in the Context of Collaborative Management
Author: S. Sien
Author: Courtney Work
Abstract: Forest degradation contributes to ecological and climate instability, foreclosing all possibilities for mitigation. At the same time, forest resources such as timber, metal, and land for agricultural production are vital for economic development. In Cambodia, economic development stalled while the country and region suffered war for over thirty years from the late 1960s through the late 1990s. Instituting democracy in Cambodia restarted the wheels of economic development as sanctions lifted, making space for national and international investments to exploit Cambodia's resources(World Bank 1993; World Bank 1992; World Bank, UNDP, and FAO 1996). Since that time, the impact on resources in Cambodia has been profound and forest loss is among the most visible. In Cambodia's Ministry of Environment(MoE) captured nearly one million hectares of viable forest land in an effort to slow forest loss and improve forest governance. The Prey Lang Wildlife Sanctuary (PLWS) is the largest of these and involved a jurisdictional shift of forest management authority from Cambodia's Forest Administration.
Date: 04/25/18
Primary URL: https://www.academia.edu/37282747/REPORT-Prey_Lang_Comanagement-_ENG.pdf
Primary URL Description: The report is available on academia.edu The report was originally prepared for the Ministry of the Environment, Kingdom of Cambodia.
Access Model: Open access

Indigenous Education in Cambodia (Article)
Title: Indigenous Education in Cambodia
Author: Courtney Work
Abstract: Introduction Cambodia's forests were key players in the process of state formation during the post-socialist, UN-sponsored 'transition' to democracy and a market economy. With un-self-conscious certainty, World Bank, FAO, and UN advisors declared forest exploitation to be Cambodia's best option to support their fledgling democracy. They promoted Forest Concessions, in which vast tracts of forest were leased to international timber companies, as a first step toward transition. This move legitimized existing exploitation chains through which political factions financed their earlier war efforts, and secured newly democratized power to the exclusionary practices of market capitalism. By 1996, the rapacious effects of this policy were already visible, and international brokers attempted to institute some guidelines, and regulations, taking stock of forest resources. The effects of these state-making forest policies on indigenous communities was dramatic.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: http://www.academia.edu/43310934/Forest_Education_in_Cambodia
Primary URL Description: The article in available on academia.edu
Access Model: Open access
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Aboriginal Education World
Publisher: Aboriginal Education World

Africa’s Joola Shipwreck: Causes and Consequences of a Humanitarian Disaster (Book)
Title: Africa’s Joola Shipwreck: Causes and Consequences of a Humanitarian Disaster
Author: Karen Barton
Abstract: In 2002, a government-owned Senegalese ferry named the Joola capsized in a storm off the coast of The Gambia in a tragedy that killed 1,863 people and left 64 survivors, only one of them female. The Joola caused more human suffering than the Titanic yet no scholarly research to date has explored the political and environmental conditions in which this African crisis occurred. Africa's Joola Shipwreck: Causes and Consequences of a Humanitarian Disaster investigates the roots of the Joola shipwreck and its consequences for Senegalese people, particularly those living in the rural south. Using field research in Senegal, Karen Samantha Barton unravels the geographical forces such as migration, colonial cartographies, and geographies of the sea that led to this humanitarian disaster and defined its aftermath. Barton shows how the Sufi tenet of "beautiful optimism" shaped community resilience in the wake of the shipwreck, despite the repercussions the event had on Senegalese society and space.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: http://rowman.com/ISBN/9781498585415/Africa%E2%80%99s-Joola-Shipwreck-Causes-and-Consequences-of-a-Humanitarian-Disaster
Publisher: Lexington Books
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 978-1-4985-854

Remembering and Remaking Nepal’s Founder: A Visual History of Prithvinarayan Shah (Database/Archive/Digital Edition)
Title: Remembering and Remaking Nepal’s Founder: A Visual History of Prithvinarayan Shah
Author: Dannah Dennis
Abstract: South Asia has many traditions of nationalist iconography of divine mother figures In this essay, however, we will focus on the history of visual representation of Nepal’s national founding father, Prithvinarayan Shah (r. 1742–75). While the trope of the nation-as-mother is also present in Nepal, as in the commonly-used metaphor of ‘Nepal Aama’, we suggest that the history of visual representation of Prithvinarayan Shah is a particularly interesting lens through which to examine Nepali nationalism because of the fact that his legacy is highly controversial in contemporary Nepal. The king from Gorkha is hailed by many as the nation-builder (rastranirmata), statesman par excellence, and the symbol of national unity for his role in the territorial unification of modern Nepal in the 18th century. On the other hand, many see him as a ruthless conqueror, a warlord, and an imperialist whose legacy of conquest casts a shadow over Nepali society even to this day. Consequently, images of Prithvinarayan Shah play a key role in ideological and political debates over the Nepali past and future.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: http://www.tasveergharindia.net/essay/nepal-visual-prithvinarayan.html
Access Model: Open Access

South Indian Influence, Religious Cosmopolitanism, and Multilingualism in Sinhala sandeśa Poetry (Book Section)
Title: South Indian Influence, Religious Cosmopolitanism, and Multilingualism in Sinhala sandeśa Poetry
Author: Justin Henry
Editor: Giovanni Ciotti
Editor: Erin McCann
Abstract: This volume brings together a broad range of scholarship on various aspects of multilingualism in South India and Sri Lanka, particularly with respect to written sources from the pre-modern world. Although the rich linguistic diversity of both regions has long been acknowledged, the consequences of this variety on linguistic and literary developments has rarely been explored, and never with the breadth that is offered here. Our contributions examine the nature and discursive functions of multilingualism, largely from the perspective of philology, in a diverse array of literary, linguistic, and cultural contexts. Some of the contributors bring their particular expertise to bear on the mutual influence of the Sanskrit and Tamil worlds, while others examine the complex linguistic, religious, and cultural negotiations evident in the literary products of authors writing in Arabic, Pali, Sinhala, Telugu, and Malayalam. Many of them also cite and translate paradigmatic examples. This volume is an important compendium of current research on multilingualism in South India and Sri Lanka and offers avenues for understanding the materials and the communities discussed herein in the context of larger conversations about multilingualism in the pre-modern world.
Year: 2021
Publisher: École Française d’Extrême-Orient/Institut Français de Pondichéry
Book Title: Linguistic and Textual Aspects of Multilingualism in South India and Sri Lanka
ISBN: 9788184702385

Sri Lanka’s Place in the History of South Asian Buddhism (Book Section)
Title: Sri Lanka’s Place in the History of South Asian Buddhism
Author: Justin Henry
Editor: Knut Jacobson
Abstract: The Routledge Handbook of South Asian Religions presents critical research, overviews, and case studies on religion in historical South Asia, in the seven nation states of contemporary South Asia: India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives, and in the South Asian diaspora.
Year: 2021
Primary URL: http://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-South-Asian-Religions/Jacobsen/p/book/9780367150778
Publisher: Routledge
Book Title: Routledge Handbook of South Asian Religions
ISBN: 9780367150778

Explorations in the Transmission of the Ramayana in Sri Lanka (Article)
Title: Explorations in the Transmission of the Ramayana in Sri Lanka
Author: Justin Henry
Abstract: This essay explores the identification of the island of Sri Lanka with the ‘Lankapura’ of Ramayana literary fame, tracing the transmission of the mythical geography of the epic from late medieval South India to Sri Lankan Tamil temple literature. The invading Cholas of the tenth century were the first to identify Sri Lanka as the ‘Lanka’ of the Ramayana, a geographical equivalence maintained by the Arya Cakravarti rulers who dubbed themselves ‘guardians of Rama’s bridge’ (cētu kāvalan). I highlight the uniquely sympathetic treatment of Ravana by the Hindus of eastern Sri Lanka, and explore the likelihood that Tamil impressions of Ravana impacted his appearance in Sinhala Buddhist literature from the fifteenth century onwards.
Year: 2019
Primary URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00856401.2019.1631739
Access Model: Subscription only
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
Publisher: South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies / Taylor Francis Online

The Atlantic World (Book Section)
Title: The Atlantic World
Author: Allyson M. Poska
Author: Susan D. Amussen
Editor: Teresa Meade
Editor: Merry Wiesner-Hanks
Abstract: In exploring the gendered nature of early modern imperialism in the Atlantic world, in this chapter, the authors construct their analysis across empires and imperial boundaries. It is impossible to understand early modern Atlantic empires without considering the role of gender in the imposition of imperial control, the adaptation and acquiescence of the people of the early modern Atlantic to that control, and the resistance to European attempts to alter their lives and gender expectations. Women's prosperity benefited everyone and their engagement with the Atlantic economy proved to be a successful adaptation to European imperialism. Around the Atlantic world, women resisted European imperial attempts to take their land, minimize their authority, enslave them, and control their minds and bodies. That resistance was sometimes violent, but more often came by ignoring legal and religious prescriptions.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781119535812.ch22
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Book Title: A Companion to Global Gender History
ISBN: 9781119535812

The Earliest Opposition to Smallpox Vaccination in the Spanish Empire (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: The Earliest Opposition to Smallpox Vaccination in the Spanish Empire
Abstract: In 1803, in the wake of Edward Jenner’s discovery that cowpox provided safe and reliable immunity against smallpox, the Spanish Crown began an enthusiastic vaccination campaign, opening vaccination rooms on the peninsula and allowing Dr. Francisco Xavier Balmis y Berenguer to sail around the world, bringing the vaccine to the diverse populations of the Spanish Empire. However, from the outset vaccination met with serious opposition as it challenged race and gender hierarchies, provoked anxieties about outside invention in children's health, and rejected the cultural belief that mothers could effectively care for their own children. In Peru, mothers called the primary vaccinator “the AntiChrist” and fled to the mountains rather than vaccinate their children, and in central Mexico, indigenous mothers brought their children to be vaccinated but then asked for the “poison” to be removed. Poska will examine the varieties of opposition to some of the earliest efforts at smallpox vaccination, discuss how Balmis and other authorities attempted to overcome that opposition, and consider how those early anti-vaxxers provide insight into the race and class-based opposition to vaccination today.
Author: Allyson M. Poska
Date: 10/09/2020
Location: Virtual lecture, part of ARENET's Researching the Americas Speaker Series
Primary URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wMMkY9vJeBE

Warrior Power: Dreaming, Drugs, Death and the Search for Alternate Spirituality in Mexico during the Sixties and Seventies (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Warrior Power: Dreaming, Drugs, Death and the Search for Alternate Spirituality in Mexico during the Sixties and Seventies
Abstract: Ageeth Sluis is a historian of modern Mexico, Professor in the Butler University Department of History and Anthropology, and was a CAORC-NEH Senior Research Fellow with ARENET in the spring of 2020. We'll be discussing her research experience in Mexico, the impact of the pandemic on her work, and learn about her project “Warrior Power: Dreaming, Drugs, Death and the Search for Alternate Spirituality in Mexico during the Sixties and Seventies!”
Author: Ageeth Sluis
Date: 08/28/2020
Location: Virtual lecture, part of ARENET's Researching the Americas Speaker Series
Primary URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3-mMtywy-U

Tides of Empire: Religion, Development, and Environment in Cambodia (Book)
Title: Tides of Empire: Religion, Development, and Environment in Cambodia
Author: Courtney Work
Abstract: Tides of Empire by Dr. Courtney Work, is an ethnographic critique of development leveled from the margins of a marginal state. The book tells an intimate story of social and environmental transformation at the edge of the forest and the frontier of the empire. Set in a small village in rural western Cambodia where the physical and social landscapes are littered with debris from multiple empires, the story uses this entanglement to re-member the social categories of religion, history, and politics. It exposes shards of construction along fictional social boundaries, but also illuminates the contact zones where segregation flourishes – between people, and between humans and the elemental energies that support them. Issues concerning the mountains and weather expose the fragility of development projects, and the maintenance of both temples and roads exceed local capacity. Nevertheless, local ideas of value are subject to change, and popular desire for the material hallmarks of empire points productive energies toward those hallmarks – dragging the forests and spirits into the rising tide. Dr. Work’s findings suggest that hierarchies, values, and social divisions harden in the contact zones where economic development, religion, and the territorial state meet the land upon which they depend. Moreover, and most importantly, these values and divisions are not monolithic, but are fragile and easily crossed by the everyday activities of life at the edge of the forest. Through these observations, Dr. Work tells a story of interdependence and persistence to confront the rising tide of individualization and precarity.
Year: 2020
Primary URL: http://www.berghahnbooks.com/title/WorkTides
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Type: Single author monograph
ISBN: 978-1-78920-77
Copy sent to NEH?: No


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