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Products for Grant RA-50108-12

RA-50108-12
Advanced Fellowships for Research in the Humanities at ARIT Centers in Turkey
C. Brian Rose, American Research Institute in Turkey

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RA-50108-12

Morality and Modernity: Discussions around Work Ethics in the Long Ottoman Nineteenth Century (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Morality and Modernity: Discussions around Work Ethics in the Long Ottoman Nineteenth Century
Author: Melis Hafez
Abstract: In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, issues regarding morality became “a burning issue of the day” for the Ottoman society. Morality gained a new political charge, where the moral and political realms overlapped with a new set of practices and norms. Revitalization of a classical genre, morality books, takes place in this context. More than a hundred books published on morality attests to the fact that morality became one of expanding/transforming fields of knowledge. As the Empire went through a nation-and-state formation process, Ottoman moralists placed an original emphasis on work, making it a central issue not only for the moral development of the individual but also for the advancement of the nation in general, articulating normative dimensions of citizenship. They fortified their argumentations by referencing Islam’s symbolic universe. They adamantly opposed beliefs and practices that are identified as handicaps for productivity by declaring them un-Islamic and anti-progress. Could this phenomenon of moralized and popularized discourses of productivity be seen as merely a Western content filling the Islamic forms? More specifically, how would examining morality books as cultural factors enable us to understand the connection between Islamic discourses and establishing modern and moralizing narratives, especially about work ethics of citizenry? The assumption that takes Islam and modernity as static notions does not explain the wealth of Ottoman experience. This presentation attempts to explore the question of morality, religion, and modernity by engaging with a very specific historic period and its sources.
Date: 10/16/2015
Primary URL: http://www.osmanliarastirmalari.org/docs/Ozet_Kitabi.pdf
Primary URL Description: Conference abstract book, p. 128
Secondary URL: http://www.osmanliarastirmalari.org/docs/PROGRAM-ENG.pdf
Secondary URL Description: Conference program. Session on "Ottoman Morality."
Conference Name: International Congress on Ottoman Studies, Sakarya University

Mudbrick to Mosaics: Results and Challenges of Archaeological Fieldwork at Hacimusalar Höyük in Northern Lycia (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Mudbrick to Mosaics: Results and Challenges of Archaeological Fieldwork at Hacimusalar Höyük in Northern Lycia
Abstract: Baughan reports on the excavation of the site of Hacimusalar Höyük, located in a plateau above Antalya. The project is a multi-period mound site that accumulated from the remains of human settlement spanning thousands of years. Thirteen meters high, the mound was occupied from at least the early Bronze Age, circa 3000 B.C., through the late Byzantine period, circa 1200 A.D. The excavations have focused on the Byzantine levels on the top and center of the mound, with several buildings—including a church complete with mosaics and inscriptions. On the slopes that have eroded over the years, the team has excavated early Bronze Age levels. There they have uncovered a number of houses, some of which were burned, preserving the architecture. Because the architecture is unbaked mud, when it burns it becomes fired into a hard substance like brick, preserving the impressions of the wood, reed, and plant materials used inside the structure of the wall. The architectural evidence allows researchers to understand how the buildings were constructed, what they were like, and what they were used for. The burnt buildings also conserve intact or broken pottery and other finds that can be put back together and studied. On the house floors, the excavation team has found things that were in the room at the time of the fire—things that have to do with weaving, cooking, stone tools or objects.
Author: Elizabeth Baughan
Date: 01/20/2016
Location: Turkish Embassy, Washington DC
Primary URL: http://www.americanfriendsofturkey.org/calendar/
Primary URL Description: Event as presented by the American Friends of Turkey, one of the sponsors of the lecture series together with the American Turkish Council and the Institute of Turkish Studies.

The Abdals of Rum(eli): Heterodox Islam, Turcoman Colonization, and Legitimacy in the Eastern Ottoman Balkans (15th-16th centuries) (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: The Abdals of Rum(eli): Heterodox Islam, Turcoman Colonization, and Legitimacy in the Eastern Ottoman Balkans (15th-16th centuries)
Abstract: The focus of this presentation was the Abdals of Rum - a prominent heterodox group in the early centuries of Ottoman history, more specifically the Abdals of Rum in the eastern Balkans in the 15th and 16th centuries. The Abdal's ideology and claims to legitimacy was based in part on a comparative reading of the velayetnames (vitas) of two of the leading Abdal saintly figures in the Balkans in the period. The talk traced their activities such as participation in conquest and colonization, their relations with semi-nomadic groups (e.g. the yürüks), and their place in the bigger picture of Ottoman history. Eventually, the Abdals experienced gradual marginalization in context of the rise of the centralizing Ottoman state. The talk focused on the activities of the Abdals in the region of Deliorman (NE Balkans) based on the presenter's own region-specific research.
Author: Nikolay Antov
Date: 05/12/2014
Location: ARIT Istanbul Center

Couched in Death: Klinai in Ancient Anatolia (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Couched in Death: Klinai in Ancient Anatolia
Abstract: Ancient klinai were specialized luxury furnishings designed for reclining at elite banquets and symposia. A widespread Mediterranean tradition of burying the dead on stone replicas of such klinai seems to have originated in the sixth century BCE in western Anatolia, among the dynastic cultures of Lydia and Phrygia and their neighbors. Well preserved examples of the klinai have been discovered and excavated in proximity to the Hacimusalar site. This lecture explores how this tradition developed, why it flourished during the era of Achaemenid Persian rule (ca. 550 – 330 BCE), and what social and cultural meanings it may have carried for the people who chose to bury their loved ones in this way.
Author: Elizabeth Baughan
Date: 06/10/2015
Location: U.S. Ambassador's Residence, Ankara

The Bay of Iskenderun Survey: Approaches to Documenting Southeastern Cilicia's Archaeological Landscape (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: The Bay of Iskenderun Survey: Approaches to Documenting Southeastern Cilicia's Archaeological Landscape
Author: Ann Killebrew
Abstract: Encompassing the Issos, Iskenderun, and Arsuz plains of southeastern Cilicia, the Bay of Iskenderun Archaeology Project documented nearly 200 archaeological sites during six seasons of survey (2004-2009). It represents the first large-scale, multi-season, and systematic archaeological investigation of this region. The survey's goals included the compilation of an inventory of archaeological remains in an area experience rapid urban and commercial development, together with the examination of the region as an interface of cultural exchange between the Mediterranean, Anatolia, and the Levant. A wide variety of extensive and intensive survey techniques were employed to identify and map observable archaeological features. A discussion and evaluation of these combined approaches, their effectiveness, and implications for heritage management are discussed in this paper.
Date: 09/13/2014
Primary URL: http://www.eaa2014istanbul.org/
Primary URL Description: Links to the 2014 meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, program and abstract. Session organized by ARIT Ankara director, Dr. Elif Denel, "From Turkey to North America: Scholarly Discourse on the Archaeological Heritage of Turkey
Conference Name: 2014 Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Session "From Turkey to North America: Scholarly Discourse on the Archaeological Heritage of Turkey

Laziness as a Social Disease in Late Ottoman Society (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Laziness as a Social Disease in Late Ottoman Society
Abstract: Dr. Hafez examines the emergence of a culture of productivity in late Ottoman society, a dynamically constructed series of practices and discourses that moralize/idealize/economize work and stigmatize laziness as a social disease. She explores the moralization of work and the marginalization of laziness throughout the reform period; how a new anxiety about productivity generated a series of state reforms to eradicate laziness in Ottoman imperial bureaus and in society at large; and the ways in which public debates on productivity, leisure, and laziness shifted in various historical moments in late imperial society.
Author: Melis Hafez
Date: 07/25/2016
Location: ARIT Istanbul
Primary URL: https://www.facebook.com/Friends-of-the-American-Research-Institute-Turkey-FARIT-149955911712053/?fref=ts#
Primary URL Description: Facebook post, 7/13/2016

Funerary Beds and Banquet Couches in Etruria and Anatolia (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Funerary Beds and Banquet Couches in Etruria and Anatolia
Author: Elizabeth Baughan
Abstract: Dr. Baughan engages in comparative discussion focused on the burial furniture, banqueting ideologies, and cultural identities in western Anatolia and Etruria.
Date: 05/23/2016
Primary URL: http://mdelchiarocenter.org/Documents/ProgramFINAL_2016may23.pdf
Primary URL Description: Conference program
Conference Name: Connections and Artistic Exchange: The Case of Etruria and Anatolia

Crusading in the Fifteenth Century and its Relation to the Development of Ottoman Dynastic Legitimacy, Self-image, and the Ottoman Consolidation of Authority (Book Section)
Title: Crusading in the Fifteenth Century and its Relation to the Development of Ottoman Dynastic Legitimacy, Self-image, and the Ottoman Consolidation of Authority
Author: Nikolay Antov
Editor: Norman Housely
Abstract: Dr. Antov looks at what was arguably the most complex region of all for inter-faith relations, the Balkans, exploring the influence of crusading ideas in the eastern Adriatic, Bosnia and Romania. He shows that the conquest of “New Rome” (Constantinople) played a role in making the Ottomans reflect on their past and ponder their destiny. He explores the complexity of interactions between the Christian and Islamic powers which stretched from the central Mediterranean to the Middle East, and the impact that they exerted on Ottoman legitimating processes.
Year: 2017
Primary URL: https://www.routledge.com/The-Crusade-in-the-Fifteenth-Century-Converging-and-competing-cultures/Housley/p/book/9781472464712
Primary URL Description: Publisher's book page
Access Model: hardback book
Publisher: Routledge
Book Title: The Crusade in the Fifteenth Century: Converging and Competing Cultures
ISBN: 97814724647

Emergence and Historical Development of Muslim Communities in the Ottoman Balkans: Historical and Historiographical Remarks (Book Section)
Title: Emergence and Historical Development of Muslim Communities in the Ottoman Balkans: Historical and Historiographical Remarks
Author: Nikolay Antov
Editor: Yana Hashamova
Editor: Theodora Dragostinova
Abstract: Dr. Antov analyzes the major patterns of formation of Muslim communities in the Ottoman Balkans from the time of the Ottoman conquest in the second half of the fourteenth to the mid-eighteenth centuries. He discusses the main factors of the ethno-national and religious transformation such as the influx of Muslim settlers from outside of the Balkans, conversion of indigenous Balkan populations to Islam, and population movements within the Balkans. By exploring the evolution of historiographical interpretations of these religious and demographic transformations, he also illuminates the political nature of the question of Ottoman legacy in the area. National historiographies, be it in Bulgaria, Bosnia, Greece, or Albania, often presented divergent interpretations of the Ottoman past, which reflected their current national priorities. Antov brings all of these interpretations together to highlight the complex historical reality and the tenuous contemporary consensus in matters of demographic diversity.
Year: 2016
Primary URL: http://ceupress.com/books/html/Beyond_Mosque_church_State.htm
Primary URL Description: Publishers page
Access Model: hardback book
Publisher: Central European University Press
Book Title: Beyond Mosque, Church, and State: Alternative Narratives of the Nation in the Balkans
ISBN: 9789633861332

Hacimusalar Höyük/Choma: A Regional Center in Northern Lycia, from the Early Bronze Age to the Byzantine Era (Book Section)
Title: Hacimusalar Höyük/Choma: A Regional Center in Northern Lycia, from the Early Bronze Age to the Byzantine Era
Author: Ilknur Özgen
Author: Elizabeth Baughan
Editor: Hakan Dündar
Editor: Havva Iskan
Abstract: This chapter provides an overview of the sites, excavation, and research in Lycia undertaken by the team at Hacimusalar, Elmali - Antalya, Turkey, the heart of Lycian territory. The site is provides new evidence for urbanization in the Early Bronze Age (3rd millennium) and an unparalleled occupational sequence from the Bronze to Iron Age in the region.
Year: 2016
Primary URL: http://kitap.ykykultur.com.tr/kitaplar/lukkadan-likyaya-sarpedon-ve-aziz-nikolaosun-ulkesi-from-lukka-to-lycia-the-land-of-sarpedon-and-st-nicholas
Primary URL Description: publisher presentation
Secondary URL: http://images.ykykultur.com.tr/upload/document/5ab7d41f-c906-498f-ba1b-214b525cc01b.pdf
Secondary URL Description: front matter access
Access Model: hardback book
Publisher: Tüpras - Yapi Kredi Culture, Arts and Publishing
Book Title: From Lukka to Lycia: The Land of Sarpedon and St. Nicholas
ISBN: 9789750837104

Burial klinai and ‘Totenmahl’? (Book Section)
Title: Burial klinai and ‘Totenmahl’?
Author: Elizabeth Baughan
Editor: C. M. Draycott
Editor: M. Stamataopoulou
Abstract: How can burial furnishings help us to approach the meanings of banqueting imagery in funerary art or understand the place of banqueting in funerary ideologies? Should tombs furnished with klinai or replicas of banquet couches be understood as physical, three-dimensional representations of banqueting, meant to equip the dead for an eternal ‘Totenmahl’? Or do funeral couches mark their occupants as members of the elite class that enjoyed banqueting and/or luxury furniture while alive? These questions are not so easily answered, because klinai in the ancient Greek world were multi-functional furnishings, used for sleeping and resting as well as for dining and revelry, and because burial assemblages are constructed representations, much like tomb paintings or reliefs . This paper will summarize evidence for burial klinai in Greece and Anatolia in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, with particular focus on tombs with additional signifiers of banqueting (tables, drinking vessels, musical instruments, etc.) or with related banqueting imagery (such as the Karaburun tumulus in northern Lycia). Parameters for interpreting funerary klinai as indicators of a ‘Totenmahl’ concept will be proposed, and relevant ethnographic evidence will also be considered. It will be argued that, far from providing ‘hard evidence’ to guide our interpretations of contemporary funerary images, burial assemblages reflect the same processes of ideological construction that lie behind two-dimensional representations and thus are subject to the same questions of interpretation. Nevertheless, consideration of burial furniture enriches the study of the ‘funerary banquet’ and, when seen alongside contemporary images, underlines the importance of this concept—however defined—in certain eras and regions.
Year: 2016
Primary URL: http://www.peeters-leuven.be/boekoverz.asp?nr=10016
Primary URL Description: publisher's presentation
Access Model: book
Publisher: Peeters
Book Title: Dining and Death: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the 'Funerary Banquet' in Ancient Art, Burial and Belief
ISBN: 978-90-429-325

Moralists as Culture Producers in Late Ottoman Society (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Moralists as Culture Producers in Late Ottoman Society
Author: Melis Hafez
Abstract: Many Ottoman intellectuals, in their conceptualization of civilization, aimed to reconcile the material achievements of European civilization with Ottoman-Islamic morality and aesthetics. Even so, historiographies in the post-Ottoman sovereign states have often equated modernization with de-Ottomanization, a notion which excludes the Ottoman period as a legitimate setting for the study of modernity. This paper explores moralizing writing and culture as a component of the trope toward modernity.
Date: 03/25/2017
Primary URL: https://liberalarts.utexas.edu/mes/events/conferences/late-ottoman-civilization/index.php
Primary URL Description: Schedule of the conference sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin, Middle Eastern Studies
Conference Name: Rethinking Late Ottoman Civilization Symposium, session entitled Perspectives on Ottoman Civilization

Changes in Gender Relations in Urban Turkey, 1930s-1950s (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Changes in Gender Relations in Urban Turkey, 1930s-1950s
Author: Hale Yilmaz
Abstract: Yilmaz discusses the changing laws and social reforms aimed at modernizing the Turkish populace and how they affected people in the city and the countryside. In this paper she focuses on women, children, the elderly, and other muted social groups.
Date: 11-22-2015
Primary URL: https://cmes.fas.harvard.edu/files/cmes/files/mesa_program_harvard-affiliates_15.pdf
Primary URL Description: Program of the 2015 annual meeting of the Middle East Studies Assocation
Conference Name: Session: Gender, Sex and Prostitution in Turkey, 1920s-1950s


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