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Products for grant RA-50128-13

Long-term Residential Fellowships at the Folger Shakespeare Library
Amanda Herbert, Folger Shakespeare Library

Grant details:

Secretaries and Statecraft in the Early Modern World (Book)
Title: Secretaries and Statecraft in the Early Modern World
Editor: Paul Dover
Abstract: One of the prominent themes of the political history of the 16th and 17th centuries is the waxing influence officials in the exercise of state power, particularly in international relations, as it became impossible for monarchs to stay on top of the increasingly complex demands of ruling. Encompassing a variety of cultural and institutional settings, these essays examine how state secretaries, prime ministers and favourites managed diplomatic personnel and the information flows they generated. They explore how these officials balanced domestic matters with external concerns, and service to the monarch and state with personal ambition. By opening various perspectives on policy-making at the level just below the monarch, this volume offers up rich opportunities for comparative history and a new take on the diplomatic history of the period.
Year: 2016
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Type: Edited Volume
ISBN: 9781474402231
Copy sent to NEH?: No

The Bible and English Readers (Article)
Title: The Bible and English Readers
Author: Thomas Fulton
Abstract: Abstract not available.
Year: 2017
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Publisher: Duke University Press

The Bible on the Shakespearean Stage (Book)
Title: The Bible on the Shakespearean Stage
Editor: Thomas Fulton
Editor: Kristen Poole
Abstract: The Bible was everywhere in Shakespeare's England. Through sermons, catechisms, treatises, artwork, literature and, of course, biblical reading itself, the stories and language of the Bible pervaded popular and elite culture. In recent years, scholars have demonstrated how thoroughly biblical allusions saturate Shakespearean plays. But Shakespeare's audiences were not simply well versed in the Bible's content - they were also steeped in the practices and methods of biblical interpretation. Reformation and counter-reformation debate focused not just on the biblical text, but - crucially - on how to read the text. The Bible on the Shakespearean Stage is the first volume to integrate the study of Shakespeare's plays with the vital history of Reformation practices of biblical interpretation. Bringing together the foremost international scholars in the field of 'Shakespeare and the Bible', these essays explore Shakespeare's engagement with scriptural interpretation in the tragedies, histories, comedies, and romances.
Year: 2018
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Type: Edited Volume

Lynn, Walsingham, Norwich (Book Section)
Title: Lynn, Walsingham, Norwich
Author: Gail McMurray Gibson
Author: Theresa Coletti
Editor: David Wallace
Abstract: This collaborative literary history of Europe, the first yet attempted, unfolds through ten sequences of places linked by trade, travel, topography, language, pilgrimage, alliance, disease, and artistic exchange. The period covered, 1348-1418, provides deep context for understanding current developments in Europe, particularly as initiated by the destruction and disasters of World War II. We begin with the greatest of all European catastrophes: the 1348 bubonic plague, which killed one person in three. Literary cultures helped speed recovery from this unprecedented "ground zero" experience, providing solace, distraction, and new ideals to live by. Questions of where Europe begins and ends, then as now, and disputes over whom truly "belongs" on European soil are explored, if not solved, through writing. A war that would last for a century convulsed much of western Europe. Divisions between Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianities endured, and in 1378 the West divided again between popes of Avignon and Rome. Arabic literary cultures linked Fes and Granada to Jerusalem and Damascus; Persian and Turkish writings began to flourish south and west of Constantinople; Jewish intellectuals treasured Arabic texts as well as Hebrew writings; Armenian colophons proved unique. From 1414-18 western nations gathered to heal their papal schism while also exchanging literary, humanist, and musical ideas; visitors from the East hoped for commitment to wider European peace. Freed from nation state historiography, as bequeathed by the nineteenth century, these 82 chapters freshly assess the free movement of European literature in all its variety, local peculiarity, and regenerative power.
Year: 2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Book Title: A Literary History, 1348-1418: Volume I
ISBN: 9780198735359

Doodles and Dragons (Blog Post)
Title: Doodles and Dragons
Author: Gail McMurray Gibson
Abstract: A guest post by Gail McMurray Gibson, William R. Kenan Professor Emerita of English and Humanities, Davidson College.
Date: 11/12/2015
Primary URL:
Blog Title: The Collation

The Invention of Atmosphere (Article)
Title: The Invention of Atmosphere
Author: Craig Martin
Abstract: The word "atmosphere" was a neologism Willebrord Snellius created for his Latin translation of Simon Stevin's cosmographical writings. Astronomers and mathematical practitioners, such as Snellius and Christoph Scheiner, applying the techniques of Ibn Mu'adh and Witelo, were the first to use the term in their calculations of the height of vapors that cause twilight. Their understandings of the atmosphere diverged from Aristotelian divisions of the aerial region. From the early years of the seventeenth century, the term was often associated with atomism or corpuscular matter theory. The concept of the atmosphere changed dramatically with the advent of pneumatic experiments in the middle of the seventeenth century. Pierre Gassendi, Walter Charleton, and Robert Boyle transformed the atmosphere of the mathematicians giving it the characteristics of weight, specific gravity, and fluidity, while disputes about its extent and border remained unresolved.
Year: 2015
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Publisher: Elsevier

Providence and Seventeenth-century Attacks on Averroes (Book Section)
Title: Providence and Seventeenth-century Attacks on Averroes
Author: Craig Martin
Editor: Paul J.J.M. Bakker
Abstract: Ibn Rushd (1126–1198), or Averroes, is widely known as the unrivalled commentator on virtually all works by Aristotle. His commentaries and treatises were used as manuals for understanding Aristotelian philosophy until the Enlightenment. Both Averroes and the movement commonly known as "Latin Averroism" have attracted considerable attention from historians of philosophy and science. Most studies focus on Averroes' psychology, particularly on his doctrine of the “unity of the intellect,” Averroes’ natural philosophy as a whole and its influence still remain largely unexplored. This volume aims to fill the gap by considering various aspects of Averroes’ natural philosophical thought and evaluating its impact on the history of philosophy and science between the late middle ages and the early modern period.
Year: 2015
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Book Title: Averroes’ Natural Philosophy and its Reception in the Latin West
ISBN: 946270046X

The Aeolipile as Experimental Model in Early Modern Natural Philosophy (Article)
Title: The Aeolipile as Experimental Model in Early Modern Natural Philosophy
Author: Craig Martin
Abstract: What causes winds was regarded as one of the most difficult questions of early modern natural philosophy. Vitruvius, the ancient Roman architectural author, put forth an alternative to Aristotle’s theory by likening the generation of wind to the actions of the aeolipile, which he believed made artificial winds. As Vitruvius’s work proliferated during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, numerous natural philosophers, including Descartes, used the aeolipile as a model for nature. Yet, interpretations of Vitruvius’s text and of the relation of the aeolipile to natural winds varied according to definitions and conceptions of air, wind, rarefaction, condensation, and vapor.
Year: 2016
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Perspectives on Science
Publisher: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Lodovico Settala’s Aristotelian Problemata Commentary and Late-Renaissance Hippocratic Medicine (Book Section)
Title: Lodovico Settala’s Aristotelian Problemata Commentary and Late-Renaissance Hippocratic Medicine
Author: Craig Martin
Editor: Evan R. Ragland
Editor: Benjamin Goldberg
Editor: Peter Distelzweig
Abstract: Renaissance physicians, influenced by humanism and spurred by their increased knowledge of Hippocratic and Galenic writings, attempted to assimilate these medical works with Aristotelian thought. The similarities between the Aristotelian Problemata and the Hippocratic Airs, Waters, Places allowed Girolamo Cardano and Lodovico Settala, among others, to blur the distinctions between natural philosophical and medical authorities. Philological and historical considerations of these texts as well as judgments about authenticity were colored by the belief that these works were useful for humoral physiology and offered insights into the unity of ancient and modern knowledge.
Year: 2016
Publisher: Springer
Book Title: Early Modern Medicine and Natural Philosophy
ISBN: 978-9401773522