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Products for grant RZ-249777-16

RZ-249777-16
The Marzamemi Church Wreck
Justin Leidwanger, Stanford University

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RZ-249777-16

Marzamemi Maritime Heritage (Web Resources)
Title: Marzamemi Maritime Heritage
Author: Justin Leidwenger
Abstract: The Marzamemi Maritime Heritage Project is a collaborative excavation, survey, and heritage management initiative focusing on the maritime landscape and seaborne communication off the southeast coast of Sicily, Italy. The concentration of accessible sites and their location at the intersection of the eastern and western Mediterranean facilitates inquiry into long-term structures of regional and interregional maritime exchange from the early Roman era (3rd/2nd c. BC) through Late Antiquity (6th/7th c. AD). The first field seasons undertake the excavation of the so-called Marzamemi “church wreck”, which sank while carrying prefabricated architectural elements for the construction of an early Byzantine church alongside other cargo from the northern Aegean during the 6th c. AD. This ship’s cargo, personal items, and hull remains may offer unique insights into the relationship between state-driven and independent commerce as well as the ambitious reconstruction program integral to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian’s projection of imperial ideology across his realm. Equally important to this research, the project situates fieldwork within a broader dialog on responsible collaborative natural and cultural heritage practices. We aim to utilize community archaeology and public outreach to implement site management alongside local initiatives for environmentally sustainable tourism and economic development.
Year: 2016
Primary URL: https://marzamemi.stanford.edu/

Dal mare al museo: New Approaches to Maritime Heritage at Marzamemi (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Dal mare al museo: New Approaches to Maritime Heritage at Marzamemi
Author: E.S. Greene
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. and E.S. Greene. "Dal mare al museo: New Approaches to Maritime Heritage at Marzamemi." Department of Classics, Brock University, 22 March 2018.
Date: 3/22/2018

The Marzamemi “Church Wreck” in the 6th-Century Mediterranean (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: The Marzamemi “Church Wreck” in the 6th-Century Mediterranean
Author: A.J. Donnelly
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. and A.J. Donnelly. "The Marzamemi “Church Wreck” in the 6th-Century Mediterranean." 119th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Boston, 4-7 January 2018.
Date: 1/4/2018

Between East and West at the End of Antiquity: the ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Between East and West at the End of Antiquity: the ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. "Between East and West at the End of Antiquity: the ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily." Thalassa: Underwater Archaeology and Maritime Connections in the Ancient East Mediterranean, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, 24-25 November 2017.
Author: J. Leidwanger
Date: 11/25/2017
Location: Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Marzamemi II ‘Church Wreck’ Excavation: 2016 Field Season (Article)
Title: Marzamemi II ‘Church Wreck’ Excavation: 2016 Field Season
Author: S. Tusa
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. and S. Tusa. 2017. "Marzamemi II ‘Church Wreck’ Excavation: 2016 Field Season." Archaeologia Maritima Mediterranea 14: 105-122.
Year: 2017
Access Model: subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Archeologia Maritima Mediterranea
Publisher: Archeologia Maritima Mediterranea

Relitto di Marzamemi: metti una chiesa da… Ikea? (Article)
Title: Relitto di Marzamemi: metti una chiesa da… Ikea?
Author: S. Tusa
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. and S. Tusa. 2017. "Relitto di Marzamemi: metti una chiesa da… Ikea?" Archaeologia Viva 184 (July/August): 32-40.
Year: 2017
Access Model: Part open access
Format: Magazine
Periodical Title: Archaeologia Viva
Publisher: Archaeologia Viva

The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ – Shipping Christian Architecture for Justinian’s Empire (Article)
Title: The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ – Shipping Christian Architecture for Justinian’s Empire
Author: S. Tusa
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. and S. Tusa. 2017. "The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ – Shipping Christian Architecture for Justinian’s Empire." Current World Archaeology 81: 22-27.
Year: 2017
Access Model: Part open access
Format: Magazine
Periodical Title: Current World Archaeology
Publisher: Current World Archaeology

Virtual Simulation of the Late Antique Shipwreck at Marzamemi. Integrated Processes for Documentation, Analysis and Representation of Archaeological Data (Article)
Title: Virtual Simulation of the Late Antique Shipwreck at Marzamemi. Integrated Processes for Documentation, Analysis and Representation of Archaeological Data
Author: J. Leidwanger
Author: L. Repola
Author: N. Scotto di Carlo
Author: D. Signoretti
Abstract: Repola, L., N. Scotto di Carlo, D. Signoretti, and J. Leidwanger. 2018. "Virtual Simulation of the Late Antique Shipwreck at Marzamemi. Integrated Processes for Documentation, Analysis and Representation of Archaeological Data." Archaeological Prospection 25.2: 99-109.
Year: 2018
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Archaeological Prospection
Publisher: Archaeological Prospection

The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’: A Multi-Scalar Approach to Economic Loss in Late Antiquity (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’: A Multi-Scalar Approach to Economic Loss in Late Antiquity
Author: A.J. Donnelly
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first is to release the shipwreck’s narrative from its dependence on Justinian; recent finds raise doubts regarding this connection and its required chronology, freeing the vessel to serve as a broader marker of routine Late Antique connectivity. The second is to examine how this assemblage can inform our understanding of the shape and resilience of the maritime economy in the decades preceding Justinian’s reign. By evaluating the potential scale and radiating effects of this ship’s loss, we argue for a much broader impact on connectivity that went beyond simply one expensive architectural project. Framing the shipwreck as an economic disaster opens an alternative window into the individuals, communities, and institutions whose investments—at least on more fortuitous occasions—sustained connections across the early sixth-century Mediterranean.
Date: 03/15/2019
Conference Name: Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity

Underwater Archaeological Survey at Vendicari, Sicily (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Underwater Archaeological Survey at Vendicari, Sicily
Author: J. Leidwanger
Author: L. Schulz
Author: J. Gross
Author: N. Bartos
Author: G. Avola
Abstract: Ongoing underwater survey off southeast Sicily aims to explore more than two millennia of maritime activity at the fishing and commercial port of Vendicari. Undertaken as part of the Marzamemi Maritime Heritage Project, investigations here have recently focused on the rich late antique material record, which offers a window into this strategic crossroads of Mediterranean connectivity during a transformative period. This paper introduces the maritime cultural landscape of Vendicari and discusses the first results, with particularly emphasis on the utility of systematic transect survey for revealing seabed site formation processes and broad patterns of seaborne interaction.
Date: 1/5/2019
Conference Name: Archaeological Institute of America Annual Meeting

Contextualizing the Late Antique Stone Trade: The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ Reconsidered (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Contextualizing the Late Antique Stone Trade: The Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ Reconsidered
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Since 2013, investigations of the famous Marzamemi “church wreck” have aimed to shed new light on this monumental 6th-century CE assemblage off the Sicilian coast. With a load of more than one hundred tons of prefabricated religious and decorative architectural elements, the site has long been associated with the massive building program that followed Justinian’s brief re-conquest of the late Roman west. Five fieldwork campaigns to date, however, have raised critical questions about the longstanding narrative of an imperially sponsored “flat-pack” structure designed for rote assembly at a single destination. Alongside re-evaluation of the major architectural elements, analysis of the shipboard assemblage, secondary cargo, and broader historical context provides new clues about private commercial and directed exchange, local and imperial patronage and propaganda, and maritime connectivity more generally. From cooking pots, iron fasteners and tools, to transport amphora lids, mineral pigments, and stone and glass “samples,” recent finds offer a window into the logistics and mechanisms of stone transport that were fundamental to massive late antique elite urban building programs. At the same time, a more holistic view of the shipwreck assemblage demonstrates the complexity of interrelated processes that fostered and sustained socioeconomic connectivity more generally through these final years of large-scale trans-Mediterranean exchange.
Date: 5/24/2018
Conference Name: International Congress of Classical Archaeology

Marzamemi Maritime Heritage Project (Sicily) (Conference/Institute/Seminar)
Title: Marzamemi Maritime Heritage Project (Sicily)
Author: J. Leidwanger
Author: E.S. Greene
Abstract: Greene, E.S., and J. Leidwanger. 2018. "Marzamemi Maritime Heritage Project (Sicily)." Penn Cultural Heritage Center Annual Meeting on Community Archaeology and Heritage, University of Pennsylvania Museum, 11 May 2018. (with E.S. Greene)
Date Range: 5/11/2018
Location: Philadelphia

Connectivity and the Late Antique Transformation: The View from the Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Connectivity and the Late Antique Transformation: The View from the Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. 2018. "Connectivity and the Late Antique Transformation: The View from the Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck.’" Department of Classics, Cornell University, 26 April 2018.
Author: J. Leidwanger
Date: 4/26/2018
Location: Ithaca, NY

The Unraveling of the Mediterranean? The Late Antique Marzamemi Shipwreck Reconsidered (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: The Unraveling of the Mediterranean? The Late Antique Marzamemi Shipwreck Reconsidered
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. 2018. "The Unraveling of the Mediterranean? The Late Antique Marzamemi Shipwreck Reconsidered." McGill University, 20 November 2018.
Author: J. Leidwanger
Date: 11/20/2018
Location: Montreal, Canada

The Byzantine ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: The Byzantine ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. 2018. "The Byzantine ‘Church Wreck’ at Marzamemi, Sicily." Institute of Nautical Archaeology Board of Directors Meeting, Vancouver, 11-13 October 2018.
Author: J. Leidwanger
Date: 10/12/2019
Location: Vancouver, Canada

Marzamemi II ‘Church Wreck’ Excavation: 2017 Field Season (Article)
Title: Marzamemi II ‘Church Wreck’ Excavation: 2017 Field Season
Author: J. Leidwanger
Author: S. Tusa
Abstract: New investigations of the famous Marzamemi II ‘church wreck’—originally brought to scholarly and public attention in the 1960s—began in 2013 as part of an overall collaborative initiative combining survey and excavation with heritage management and museum development off the southeast coast of Sicily. Dating around the early 6th century AD and carrying a monumental primary cargo of partially prefabricated religious and decorative architectural elements, the ship was almost certainly lost while en route for a building program somewhere in the late antique west. Annual fieldwork campaigns over the past five years have shed new light on the major architectural assemblage, while revealing additional cargo, shipboard items, and traces of the hull itself. The following presents results of the 2017 field season and synthesizes new finds with those of earlier reports in this journal (see Leidwanger, Bruno 2014; Leidwanger, Tusa 2015, 2016, 2017).
Year: 2018
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Publisher: Archaeologia Maritima Mediterranea

Revisiting the Origin and Destination of the Late Antique Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ Cargo (Book Section)
Title: Revisiting the Origin and Destination of the Late Antique Marzamemi ‘Church Wreck’ Cargo
Author: J. Leidwanger
Author: A.J. Donnelly
Author: S. Pike
Editor: D.M. Poljak
Editor: K. Marasovic
Abstract: Initially explored by pioneering underwater archaeologist Gerhard Kapitän in the 1960s, the famous 6th-c. AD ‘church wreck’ at Marzamemi (Sicily)—with its cargo of prefabricated religious architectural elements—holds a special place in discussions of the ancient stone transport and late antique exchange. Renewed investigations aim to shed light on the broader socioeconomic and historical circumstances surrounding the shipment, including patterns of maritime connectivity between the divergent east and west and the possible roles of imperial agency and local patronage in ambitious architectural programs. Critical to these questions are the origin and destination for the cargo. Stable isotope analysis offers a window into the geographic range of resources available for this architectural program and, by extension, possible clues to the organization of materials, labor, and sponsorship. Analysis of the historical and architectural context allows evaluation of plausible destinations. This study opens new possibilities for interpreting the social and political world of 6th-century exchange and a re-evaluation of the multifaceted relationship between Justinian and the recently acquired imperial lands.
Year: 2018
Access Model: Open access
Publisher: University of Split
Book Title: ASMOSIA XI: Interdisciplinary Studies on Ancient Stone. Proceedings of the XI ASMOSIA Conference, Split 2015
ISBN: 978-953-6617-4

New Investigations of the 6th-c. A.D. “Church Wreck” at Marzamemi, Sicily (Article)
Title: New Investigations of the 6th-c. A.D. “Church Wreck” at Marzamemi, Sicily
Author: J. Leidwanger
Abstract: Leidwanger, J. 2018. "New Investigations of the 6th-c. A.D. “Church Wreck” at Marzamemi, Sicily." Journal of Roman Archaeology 31: 339-356. (https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047759418001368)
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047759418001368
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Journal of Roman Archaeology
Publisher: Journal of Roman Archaeology

Five Boats: Snapshots of Mediterranean Connections (Exhibition)
Title: Five Boats: Snapshots of Mediterranean Connections
Curator: J. Leidwanger
Curator: E.S. Greene
Curator: L. Repola
Abstract: This exhibit explores the complex history of human mobility, communication, and cultural exchange through five concise historical snapshots of Mediterranean maritime heritage at the heart of this so-called “Middle Sea.” By mixing select objects with immersive sounds and imagery in a mobile pop-up exhibit, we challenge individuals and communities to remind themselves, visitors, and neighbors old and new that each sea crossing—whether fortuitous or desperate—has and continues to remake cultural identity.
Year: 2018


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