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Products for grant RZ-249831-16

RZ-249831-16
Innovative Disruptions: The Archaeology of Nomadic Statehood in Eastern Mongolia
William Honeychurch, Yale University

Grant details: https://securegrants.neh.gov/publicquery/main.aspx?f=1&gn=RZ-249831-16

Iron Technology and Medieval Nomadic Communities of East Mongolia (Article)
Title: Iron Technology and Medieval Nomadic Communities of East Mongolia
Author: J.S. Park
Author: W Honeychurch
Author: Ch Amartuvshin
Abstract: Abstract Numerous iron objects from the medieval sites in Mongolia were metallographically examined for a comparative study intending to probe indigenous and foreign impacts on the establishment of local iron tradition. The artifact assemblage includes iron and cast iron objects recovered during the recent Mongol-American joint expedition to sites in the eastern part of Mongolia. Cast iron objects, dominating the assemblage, were mostly in the form of small fragments or square bars, which would be of little value if they were to be used for casting. However, their greatly varying microstructures reveal evidence of various small-scale steelmaking processes involving cast iron. This observation suggests that most of them were prepared as a practical means to procure steel, a highly valued commodity particularly among nomadic communities. In contrast, other iron objects with microstructures characteristic of inferior bloomery products constituted only a minor part of the assemblage. We discuss the results of our analysis from a comparative perspective and propose that this unique ironworking tradition discovered in eastern Mongolia reflects the distinctive geographical and sociopolitical background of the nomadic groups and periods concerned.
Year: 2017
Primary URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12520-017-0553-y
Access Model: subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
Publisher: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

Novel Micro-scale Steel-making from Molten Cast Iron Practised in Medieval Nomadic Communities of East Mongolia (Article)
Title: Novel Micro-scale Steel-making from Molten Cast Iron Practised in Medieval Nomadic Communities of East Mongolia
Author: J.S. Park
Author: W Honeychurch
Author: Ch. Amartuvshin
Abstract: Evidence of novel steel-making was found in a number of small cast-iron fragments recovered by the Mongolia–American archaeological survey of eastern Mongolia. These iron artefacts come from medieval period habitation and manufacturing sites and they consistently display irregular surface features characteristic of a solidification reaction from a partially molten state. Their microstructure consists of large near-spherical islands of pearlite spread on a background of fine white cast-iron eutectic. Reflected in this peculiar structure is an extremely small-scale steel-making process where one or more small pieces of cast iron were heated above the eutectic temperature for rapid decarburization in the partially molten state. We provide a detailed account of the technological aspects of this micro-scale steel-making method as observed in the microstructure and chemical composition of the objects examined. This small-scale technology was ideally suited to the pastoral nomadic way of life that characterized medieval eastern Mongolia; however, it probably would not have been appropriate for sedentary communities with access to large-scale urban manufacturing centres. Based on this observation, we discuss the role of nomadic lifeways and associated political environments that likely influenced the development of this innovative steel-making technique.
Year: 2018
Primary URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/arcm.12413
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: Archaeometry
Publisher: Archaeometry

The Honest Labour of Stone Mounds: Monuments of Bronze and Iron Age Mongolia as Costly Signals (Article)
Title: The Honest Labour of Stone Mounds: Monuments of Bronze and Iron Age Mongolia as Costly Signals
Author: J Wright
Abstract: During the period of the adoption and spread of nomadic pastoralism in the eastern Eurasian steppe early pastoralists were developing animal husbandry as well as forming the social networks and political systems that went along with the new needs of a food production economy. The building and modification of diverse types of stone monuments and the long-term development of monumental landscapes constituted costly signals that communicated information about the size and organization of communities and the depth and strength of the connections of their elite lineages with the increasingly farreaching social networks of this period. This information-rich monument building was a hallmark of this period and a critical tool, a critical tool in the success of early pastoralist adaptation. A costly signalling model of monument building offers explanations for re-entry into graves of this period, the reproduction of distinctive types and styles and monuments and an underlying framework for the political landscapes of emerging regional polities.
Year: 2017
Primary URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00438243.2017.1360791
Access Model: Subscription
Format: Journal
Periodical Title: World Archaeology
Publisher: World Archaeology

The Development of Cultural and Social Complexity in Mongolia (Book Section)
Title: The Development of Cultural and Social Complexity in Mongolia
Author: W Honeychurch
Editor: Habu, Junko
Editor: Lape, Peter V.
Editor: Olsen, John W.
Abstract: None
Year: 2017
Primary URL: https://www.springer.com/us/book/9781493965199
Access Model: Subscription & Purchase
Publisher: Springer
Book Title: Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology
ISBN: 978-1-4939-652

Innovative Disruptions: Nomadic Complexity in Mongolia and Northeast Asia (Book Section)
Title: Innovative Disruptions: Nomadic Complexity in Mongolia and Northeast Asia
Author: W Honeychurch
Editor: S. Chuluun
Abstract: None
Year: 2017
Primary URL: None
Access Model: Open access in Japan
Publisher: Mongolian Academy of Sciences and Osaka University
Book Title: Archaeological Research and Preservation in Eastern Mongolia
ISBN: Not known

Middle Bronze Age of Mongolia (Book Section)
Title: Middle Bronze Age of Mongolia
Author: Ch. Amartuvshin
Author: G. Eregzen
Editor: Kang, In Uk
Abstract: None
Year: 2018
Access Model: Open access in Korea
Publisher: Seoul
Book Title: Introduction to the Archaeology of Northern Eurasia
ISBN: Not known

Shorgooljin bulsh (Book Section)
Title: Shorgooljin bulsh
Author: Ch. Amartuvshin
Editor: U. Erdenebat
Abstract: None
Year: 2018
Primary URL: None
Access Model: Open access in Mongolia
Publisher: Mongolian Academy of Sciences
Book Title: Mongolchuud: Talyn nuudelchdiin ulamjlal
ISBN: Not known

Integrated Narratives: The Local and the Long Term in Three Archaeological Surveys (Public Lecture or Presentation)
Title: Integrated Narratives: The Local and the Long Term in Three Archaeological Surveys
Abstract: None
Author: J Wright
Date: 10/15/2017
Location: Bonn University, Germany
Primary URL: None

Ertnii nuudelchdiin ovormots negen orshuulgyn tukhai (Conference Paper/Presentation)
Title: Ertnii nuudelchdiin ovormots negen orshuulgyn tukhai
Author: Ch. Amartuvshin
Abstract: None
Date: 02/15/2018
Primary URL: None
Conference Name: Mongolchuudyn orshuulgyn zan uil: Erdem shinjilgeenii khural


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